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350 Possible Causes for Bulging Fontanelle

  • Meningitis

    Know the Symptoms Arching of the back (infants) Behavioural changes Blank, staring expression Bulging fontanelle (infants) Cold hands and feet Diarrhoea Dislike of being handled[meningitis.com.au] fontanelles in babies Decreased alertness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backward ( opisthotonos[medlineplus.gov] […] newborns and children Mental status changes Nausea and vomiting Sensitivity to light Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[medlineplus.gov]

  • Osteoporosis

    […] anterior fontanelle. 3 55-year-old female In a case report of a 55-year-old female diagnosed with HPP, a therapeutic regimen of bisphosphonates was given for a presumed diagnosis[web.archive.org] […] regimen of high-dose vitamin D and calcium supplementation was given for a presumed diagnosis of nutritional rickets, causing an immediate ponderal (weight) growth failure and bulging[web.archive.org]

  • Pneumonia

    Four children (four out of 99) were observed with bulging fontanelle in Nacul 1997 ; none in the placebo group.[doi.org] One study ( Nacul 1997 ) reported on adverse outcomes including vomiting, diarrhea, irritability and bulging fontanelle.[doi.org] fontanelles.[doi.org]

  • Subdural Effusion

    Clinical, infants Bulging fontanelle, widened sutures, increased head circumference, persistent fever, increased intracranial pressure, leading to vomiting, seizures.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Symptoms may include: Outward curving of a baby's soft spot ( bulging fontanelle ) Abnormally wide spaces in the bony joints of a baby's skull ( separated sutures ) Increased[nlm.nih.gov] H influenzae meningitis Clinical, infants Bulging fontanelle, widened sutures, head circumference, persistent fever, intracranial pressure vomiting, seizures Management Antibiotics[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonus[ufhealth.org] […] purpura ) Rash, pinpoint red spots ( petechiae ) Sensitivity to light ( photophobia ) Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[medlineplus.gov] […] include: Fever and chills Nausea and vomiting Purple, bruise-like areas ( purpura ) Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[mountsinai.org]

  • Subdural Empyema

    fontanelle, seizures DIFFERENTIAL Epidural abscess - not as ill, rare nuchal rigidity Cerebral abscess - chronic course, rare nuchal rigidity SDH - no contrast enhancement[learnneurosurgery.com] He had fever and tense-bulging anterior fontanelle.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On examination, the infant was pyrexial at 39 C, tachycardic with a capillary refill time of 4 seconds and a bulging anterior fontanelle.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonos[medlineplus.gov] Young babies may present with poor feeding, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, fever, and a bulging anterior fontanel.[symptoma.com] […] chills Mental status changes Nausea and vomiting Sensitivity to light ( photophobia ) Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[medlineplus.gov]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Incubation period unknown, 2 - 4 days probably Signs and Symptoms Fever Vomiting Headache Lethargy Bulging fontanelle in infants Progressive stupor or coma is common Stiff[deputyprimeminister.gov.mt] Babies with meningitis may have drowsiness, poor feeding, bulging fontanelles (the soft spot on the top of a baby’s head) and high fever.[healthywa.wa.gov.au] fontanelle Symptoms of epiglottitis Fever Breathing difficulty Noisy breathing Difficulty swallowing Drooling A child with epiglottitis may sit with an extended neck and[immune.org.nz]

  • Brain Abscess

    fontanelle (the soft spot located on the top of a baby’s head).[upmc.com] Bulging fontanelle in infants. Differential diagnosis Meningitis . Encephalitis . Brain tumour or other intracranial space-occupying lesion .[patient.info] […] muscle function Seizures Decreased sensation Trouble with speech Symptoms of brain abscess in babies and young children include high-pitched cries, poor feeding, and full or bulging[upmc.com]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Stiff neck (generally not present in children under the age of one year or in patients with altered mental state), back rigidity, bulging fontanelle (in infants), photophobia[patient.info] In young babies, doctors may also look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes.[cdc.gov] fontanelles in babies Decreased alertness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backward ( opisthotonos[medlineplus.gov]

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