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428 Possible Causes for Bulging Fontanelle

  • Meningitis

    Know the Symptoms Arching of the back (infants) Behavioural changes Blank, staring expression Bulging fontanelle (infants) Cold hands and feet Diarrhoea Dislike of being handled[] They also may have a fever or bulging fontanelle (soft spot on head).[] fontanelles in babies Decreased alertness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backward ( opisthotonos[]

  • Subdural Hematoma

    […] walking Headache Lack of energy or confusion Seizures or loss of consciousness Nausea and vomiting Weakness or numbness Vision problems In infants, symptoms may include: Bulging[] fontanelles (the soft spots of the baby's skull) Separated sutures (the areas where growing skull bones join) Feeding problems Seizures High-pitched cry, irritability Increased[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonus[] They exhibit non specific symptoms like inconsolable crying, poor feeding, irritability and bulging fontanelle.[] In addition in infants bulging fontanelle and ragdoll appearance are commonly found.[]

  • Syphilitic Meningitis

    We report a neonate who presented at 60 hours of life w ith irritability, poor activity, seizures and bulging fontanel.[]

  • Subdural Empyema

    fontanelle, seizures DIFFERENTIAL Epidural abscess - not as ill, rare nuchal rigidity Cerebral abscess - chronic course, rare nuchal rigidity SDH - no contrast enhancement[] On examination, the infant was pyrexial at 39 C, tachycardic with a capillary refill time of 4 seconds and a bulging anterior fontanelle.[] He had fever and tense-bulging anterior fontanelle.[]

  • Cerebral Edema

    fontanel absent signs of ICP and intelligence may be spared.[] […] produce an increase in ICP but may result in dementia and gait changes Hydrocephalus in utero or in newborn Ventricles expand, cranial sutures separate, head expands, with bulging[]

  • Bilirubin Encephalopathy

    The affected baby may then develop a high-pitched cry, hypertonia of extensor muscles with arched back and hyperextended neck, bulging fontanelle and seizures.[] fontanelles, pulmonary hemorrhage chronic: hearing damage, strabismus, mental retardation, cerebral palsy, death Conjugated (direct) bilirubin cannot enter the brain and[] Kernicterus can cause: first few days: lethargy, poor feeding, vomiting, high pitched cry, seizures, decreased tone first week: opisthotonos, fever, increased tone, bulging[]

  • Subdural Effusion

    Clinical, infants Bulging fontanelle, widened sutures, increased head circumference, persistent fever, increased intracranial pressure, leading to vomiting, seizures.[] Symptoms may include: Outward curving of a baby's soft spot ( bulging fontanelle ) Increased head circumference No energy ( lethargy ) Persistent fever Seizures Abnormally[] bulge, deterioration of mental status, development of hemiparesis and any increase in head circumference.[]

  • Brain Abscess

    fontanelle (the soft spot located on the top of a baby’s head).[] Symptoms may include: In babies and younger children: Fever A full or bulging fontanelle (soft spot located on the top of the head) Sleepiness or less alert than usual Increased[] […] muscle function Seizures Decreased sensation Trouble with speech Symptoms of brain abscess in babies and young children include high-pitched cries, poor feeding, and full or bulging[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Incubation period unknown, 2 - 4 days probably Signs and Symptoms Fever Vomiting Headache Lethargy Bulging fontanelle in infants Progressive stupor or coma is common Stiff[] Babies with meningitis may have drowsiness, poor feeding, bulging fontanelles (the soft spot on the top of a baby’s head) and high fever.[] fontanelle Symptoms of epiglottitis Fever Breathing difficulty Noisy breathing Difficulty swallowing Drooling A child with epiglottitis may sit with an extended neck and[]

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