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105 Possible Causes for Bulging Fontanelle, Poor Feeding in Infants

  • Bilirubin Encephalopathy

    By the third day of life the infant developed fever, poor feeding and severe jaundice.[] fontanel (soft spot) Seizures Late stage: High-frequency hearing loss Intellectual disability Muscle rigidity Speech difficulties Seizures Movement disorder Exams and Tests[] The affected baby may then develop a high-pitched cry, hypertonia of extensor muscles with arched back and hyperextended neck, bulging fontanelle and seizures.[]

  • Bacterial Meningitis

    Stiff neck (generally not present in children under the age of one year or in patients with altered mental state), back rigidity, bulging fontanelle (in infants), photophobia[] In infants, they might include fever, hypothermia, lethargy, irritability, poor feeding, vomiting, diarrhea, respiratory distress, seizures, or bulging fontanelles.[] In young babies, doctors may also look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes.[]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    In infants and neonates, a disproportionate head growth, bulging fontanelles, markedly wider separation of the cranial sutures, and paresis of upward gaze (the "setting sun[] We report the case of a 2-month-old child who presented with poor feeding and lethargy and was noted to have a fixed downward gaze.[] Manifestations can include enlarged head, bulging fontanelle, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, and seizures.[]

  • Communicating Hydrocephalus

    Physical examination can reveal an enlarged head (macrocephaly) and a bulging, prominent fontanelle.[] Infants with chronic hydrocephalus, present with poor feeding, vomiting, reduced activity, and drowsiness.[] Communicating Hydrocephalus Picture – Showing Bulging fontanel, Lateral ventricle, Third ventricle, Aqueduct of Sylvius and the Fourth ventricle.[]

  • Polycythemia Neonatorum

    Caput succedaneum Cephalohematoma Bulging fontanelles (sign of increased intracranial pressure ) Neck and clavicles Range of motion, asymmetry, masses, or crepitus Clavicular[] Introduction & basic Clinical approach Management Conclusion 3. 11 D old, bottle-feeding infant parents c/o his poor appetite for 24 hrs ,, BP 82/52,PR 150,temp. 36.2 ,, O[] […] drug-exposed infant, even if born at term?[]

  • Pneumococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture, with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonos[] Young babies may present with poor feeding, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, fever, and a bulging anterior fontanel.[] None of the patients presented with a chief complaint of irritability, poor feeding, or altered mental status, and no patient had high fever, difficulty consoling, or cirulatory[]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonus[] A previously healthy 30-day-old male infant became ill with fever, poor activity, and refusal to feed for 2 days.[] […] purpura ) Rash, pinpoint red spots ( petechiae ) Sensitivity to light ( photophobia ) Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[]

  • Cerebral Edema

    Signs and symptoms of cerebral edema Neonates and infants Irritability, crying or asymptomatic Inconsolable crying, poor feeding, vomiting, lethargy, seizures or irritabilityBulging[] fontanel absent signs of ICP and intelligence may be spared.[] […] produce an increase in ICP but may result in dementia and gait changes Hydrocephalus in utero or in newborn Ventricles expand, cranial sutures separate, head expands, with bulging[]

  • Subdural Effusion

    Clinical, infants Bulging fontanelle, widened sutures, increased head circumference, persistent fever, increased intracranial pressure, leading to vomiting, seizures.[] […] effusion present with a variety of non-specific clinical features (drowsy, poor feeding, irritability, fits, pallor, floppiness, etc) it is important to consider a haematoma[] Symptoms may include: Outward curving of a baby's soft spot ( bulging fontanelle ) Abnormally wide spaces in the bony joints of a baby's skull ( separated sutures ) Increased[]

  • Hemophilus Meningitis

    Incubation period unknown, 2 - 4 days probably Signs and Symptoms Fever Vomiting Headache Lethargy Bulging fontanelle in infants Progressive stupor or coma is common Stiff[] Infants may have poor feeding.[] Babies with meningitis may have drowsiness, poor feeding, bulging fontanelles (the soft spot on the top of a baby’s head) and high fever.[]

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