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73 Possible Causes for Bulging Fontanelle, Projectile Vomiting

  • Brain Abscess

    fontanelle (the soft spot located on the top of a baby’s head).[upmc.com] Other symptoms in your child can include: projectile vomiting high-pitched crying spasticity in the limbs Many of these symptoms closely resemble other diseases or health[healthline.com] These symptoms are: Projectile vomiting Intense crying episodes Extremity spasticity . How is Brain Abscess Diagnosed?[epainassist.com]

  • Head Injury

    Dangerous mechanism of injury (high-speed RTA, fall from 3 m, high-speed projectile) If only one of the aforementioned risk factors is present then observe for a minimum[patient.info] […] one hour of the scan being undertaken): Witnessed loss of consciousness 5 minutes Amnesia (antegrade or retrograde) 5 minutes Abnormal drowsiness 3 Discrete episodes of vomiting[patient.info]

  • Obstructive Hydrocephalus

    In infants and neonates, a disproportionate head growth, bulging fontanelles, markedly wider separation of the cranial sutures, and paresis of upward gaze (the "setting sun[symptoma.com] The patient presented to the emergency department at the authors' institution with a 1-day history of projectile vomiting, lethargy, and dysconjugate gaze.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Manifestations can include enlarged head, bulging fontanelle, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, and seizures.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    Separated sutures may be associated with bulging fontanelles. If intracranial pressure is increased a lot, there may be large veins over the scalp.[mountsinai.org] Many patients were also present with signs and symptoms of chronic increased intracranial pressure, which include irritability, vomiting, bulging fontanelle, gaze palsy, and[ghjournal.org] Clinical features include occipital bossing, progressive head enlargement, bulging of anterior fontanelle, papilledema, ataxia, gait disturbances, nystagmus, and intellectual[hon.ch]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Manifestations can include enlarged head, bulging fontanelle, irritability, lethargy, vomiting, and seizures.[merckmanuals.com] vomiting Seizures Sleepiness or lack of alertness Very noticeable scalp veins In older children, headaches and visual changes may be seen.[chp.edu] vomiting Sleepiness or decrease in alertness Developmental delays In cases where hydrocephalus is not congenital, but is due to a tumor, trauma, infection, or other causes[choa.org]

  • Meningococcal Meningitis

    fontanelles in infants Decreased consciousness Poor feeding or irritability in children Rapid breathing Unusual posture with the head and neck arched backwards ( opisthotonus[ufhealth.org] Projectile vomiting is often observed. About 40% of them develop focal onset seizures during the initial stages.[symptoma.com] […] purpura ) Rash, pinpoint red spots ( petechiae ) Sensitivity to light ( photophobia ) Severe headache Stiff neck Other symptoms that can occur with this disease: Agitation Bulging[medlineplus.gov]

  • Neonatal Meningitis

    Findings of a full or bulging fontanelle are not uncommon. Some patients may present with nuchal rigidity or hydrocephalus.[symptoma.com] Upon admission the infant was more alert and appeared hungry, but still was irritable and had a bulging fontanelle.[pediatriceducation.org] Brain abscesses may have raised intracranial tension as one of its first manifestations, thereby leading to an increase in head size and non-projectile vomiting.[symptoma.com]

  • Brain Laceration

    vomiting, impaired speech/groaning, cardiac dysrhythmias, brainstem reflex impairment, abnormal reflexes, wide pulse pressure w/ HTN, irregular breathing, coma, posturing[quizlet.com] Dangerous mechanism of injury (high-speed RTA, fall from 3 m, high-speed projectile) If only one of the aforementioned risk factors is present then observe for a minimum[patient.info] […] brain injury restlessness, confusion, agitation, combativeness, slurred speech, N/V, HA, changes in LOC, pupil changes, amnesia, decrease strength decline of consciousness, projectile[quizlet.com]

  • Listeria Meningitis

    Only occasionally do infants develop posturing, seizures, or an unusually firm, tender, or bulging fontanelle that would direct a clinician to suspect a CNS infection ( 1[jcm.asm.org] vomiting and a severe headache accompanied by lethargy, and was admitted to the hospital.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In young babies, doctors may also look for a bulging fontanelle (soft spot on infant’s head) or abnormal reflexes.[cdc.gov]

  • Vomiting

    A bulging fontanelle. Shortness of breath. A swollen abdomen. Blood or bile (a green substance) in the vomit ( see below ).[babycentre.co.uk] Called also emesis and regurgitation. cyclic vomiting recurring attacks of vomiting. dry vomiting attempts at vomiting, with the ejection of nothing but gas. projectile vomiting[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] A bulging fontanelle. Shortness of breath . A bloated or swollen abdomen. Blood in the stool Blood or bile (deep yellow or green substance) in the vomit ( see below ).[babycenter.in]

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