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72 Possible Causes for Butterfly Vertebrae, X-Ray Abnormal

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    In any case, the presence of single or multiple hemivertebrae and wedge vertebrae, unilateral unsegmented bars, block vertebrae and butterfly vertebrae may be visualized.[] Chest X-ray showed severe kyphoscoliosis with a Cobb's angle of 120 0 [Figure 1] and patchy infiltrates.[] (thirty-nine patients), a posterior hemivertebra (eight patients), a butterfly vertebra (fifteen patients), and a wedged vertebra (six patients).[]

  • Congenital Malformation of the Ribs

    A sagittal cleft or “butterflyvertebra is characterized by a cleft through the body of the vertebra and a funnel shape at the ends, a shape that resembles a butterfly.[] X-Rays may identify and characterize specific abnormalities, but x-rays do not display fascial plane anatomy.[] The diagnosis is usually based on the physical examination (asymmetric chest) or on chest x-ray (unilateral hyperlucent lung). 1 This is not the case in our patient.[]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Features of patients with G274D are summarized in Figure 3. e No radiographic evidence of skeletal abnormalities, including butterfly vertebrae, was observed.[] Tests that can aid in the diagnosis of TOF are: a chest X-ray to check for structural abnormalities an echocardiogram to check for disruptions in heartbeats a heart MRI to[] The abnormal "coeur-en-sabot" (boot-like) appearance of a heart with tetralogy of Fallot is classically visible via chest x-ray, although most infants with tetralogy may not[]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    vertebrae, posterior embryotoxon Char syndrome 60 PDA Anomalies on fifth finger, supernumerary nipple Cornelia de Lange syndrome 25 VSD, ASD, PS, TOF Upper limb deficiency[] Other tests include echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, and chest x-ray, imaging studies, cardiac catheterization and stress test during exercise.[] These may include an echocardiogram, a chest X-ray, or an MRI scan.[]

  • Aicardi's Syndrome

    […] or block vertebrae hemivertebrae abnormal costovertebral articulation History and etymology First described in 1961 by Jean Francois Marie Aicardi, (1926-2015) French neuropaediatrician[] X-rays help to diagnose abnormalities of muscle and bone. An eye specialist can help in the diagnosis by identifying the scars and lesions at the back of the eye.[] X-rays showed T10 sagittal clefting, T7 wedged vertebral body and abnormal facies with flattened midface, prominent infraorbital creases, upturned nose, microstomia, and micrognathia[]

  • Alagille Syndrome

    Three-dimensional imaging demonstrated classic butterfly vertebrae, which were not otherwise appreciable.[] The vertebrae may have a distinctive 'butterfly' appearance on X-ray.[] The other features are a peculiar facies, cardiac abnormalities, butterfly vertebrae, and ocular embryotoxon.[]

  • Jarcho-Levin Syndrome

    They present multiple vertebral anomalies at different levels of the spine, including "butterfly vertebrae", hemivertebrae and fused hypoplastic vertebrae.[] […] with an x-ray, and a conditioning restrictive pattern like a crab.[] The latter include hemivertebrae, fused, hypoplastic, and "butterfly" vertebrae.[]

  • Diastematomyelia

    Most cases are seen in association with other anomalies of the vertebral column such as spina bifida, kyphoscoliosis, butterfly vertebra, and hemivertebra.[] X-rays or CT scan may also be performed to detect the bony abnormalities involved in the malformation, such as the presence of a bony spur between the hemicords.[] Commonly this is associated with vertebral anomalies such as hemivertebrae or butterfly vertebrae. The cleft is most commonly lumbar.[]

  • Congenital Anomaly of the Spine

    A sagittal cleft or “butterflyvertebra is characterized by a cleft through the body of the vertebra and a funnel shape at the ends, a shape that resembles a butterfly .[] How are congenital spine abnormalities diagnosed? Spine center physicians use X-rays to locate and evaluate spine abnormalities.[] Dynamic, or flexion/extension X-rays (X-rays that show the spine in motion) may be obtained to see if there is any abnormal or excessive movement or instability in the spine[]

  • Hemivertebra

    Consider block vertebrae bullet shaped vertebrae butterfly vertebrae[] The X-rays and CT scan need to be analyzed to determine the growth potential and the curves need to be followed to see if abnormal progression is occurring.[] Cf Butterfly vertebra. hem·i·ver·te·bra, pl. hemivertebrae ( hem'ē-vĕr'tĕ-bră, -brē ) A congenital defect of a vertebra in which one side of a vertebra fails to develop completely[]

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