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1,426 Possible Causes for Cachexia, Edema

  • Malignant Neoplasm

    Steroids, such as dexamethasone (Decadron), are used to reduce swelling and fluid build-up (edema) around the tumor.[] Maurizio Muscaritoli, Maurizio Bossola, Zaira Aversa, Rocco Bellantone and Filippo Rossi Fanelli , Prevention and treatment of cancer cachexia: New insights into an old problem[] José M Garcia, Ralph V Boccia, Charles D Graham, Ying Yan, Elizabeth Manning Duus, Suzan Allen and John Friend , Anamorelin for patients with cancer cachexia: an integrated[]

  • Kwashiorkor

    Why would decrease in amount of proteins cause Edema?[] Another malnutrition syndrome includes cachexia, although it is often caused by underlying illnesses.[] They are generally thin with cachexia due to the absence of muscle mass with defective protein synthesis.[]

  • Hereditary ATTR Amyloidosis

    Patients usually exhibit symptoms of congestive heart failure, including: Shortness of breath Labored breathing during exercise Peripheral swelling ( edema caused by a buildup[] In later stages of the disease severe diarrhea with malabsorption, cachexia, incapacitating neuropathy, severe cardiac disturbances, and marked orthostatic hypotension dominate[] Support stockings may be recommended for patients with leg edema (swelling).[]

  • Anorexia Nervosa

    Initial exam was significant for emaciation, lethargy, and lower extremity edema.[] It generally appears in childhood and is clinically characterized by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility, cachexia, ptosis, progressive external ophthalmoplegia, peripheral[] Dizziness or fainting Bluish discoloration of the fingers Weak hair Amenorrhea Dry skin Extreme discomfort in cold conditions Bradycardia or tachycardia Hypotension Dehydration Edema[]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Hypertension and pulmonary edema are manifestations of severe volume overload. The most dangerous form of volume overload is pulmonary edema.[] The same is true for individuals who have low muscle mass for other reasons, such as malnutrition, cachexia, or amputation.[] Edema. Puffiness or swelling around the eyes, arms, hands, and feet. Frequent urination. Foamy or bloody urine. Protein in the urine may cause it to foam significantly.[]

  • Systemic Mastocytosis

    Terminal ileum: nodularity ( n 2), erosion, loss of folds, edema, no abnormality (all, n 1). Stomach: thickened gastric folds ( n 3); no abnormality ( n 1).[] Cytokines (TNF- a , TGF- b , NGF) Activation of vascular endothelial cells, cachexia, fibrosis. Growth factor (IL-3, IL-5) Mast cell growth, eosinophilia.[] Their Clinically Significant Activity Mast cell product Clinically significant activity Preformed secretory granule-associated mediators Histamine Vasodilatation, erythema, edema[]

  • Celiac Disease

    Left untreated for many years, the virus can cause cirrhosis (scarring that leads to liver failure), edema, muscle wasting, and death. Get tested.[] Severe malnutrition, and even cachexia, can occur if the diagnosis is delayed. Behavioral changes such as irritability are common.[] Signs and symptoms of celiac disease may include: diarrhea, bloating, gas (flatulence, farting), swollen ankles (edema), anemia, fatigue, vitamin K deficiency, and excessive[]

  • Metastasis

    […] patients. [5] Idiopathic orbital inflammation (IOI) - most commonly presents as a unilateral painful ophthalmopathy in adults, with sudden onset of progressive erythema, edema[] […] as a slowly progressive, usually painless mass with possible exophthalmos and limitation of extraocular movements. [10] Posterior scleritis – may present with periorbital edema[]

  • Cronkhite-Canada Syndrome

    Endoscopic exam and biopsies revealed severe atrophy and diffuse marked edema of mucosa of stomach and duodenum.[] Most patients die of cachexia. 7. Rare cases show transformation into Carcinoma colon. Related post: Polyposis syndrome mnemonic[] Diarrhea causes loss of protein and electrolytes and respectively cachexia (exhaustion).[]

  • Urinary Tract Infection

    Pain in flank: There can be a sudden renal edema causing an increase in pressure and capsular distention causing intense pain in the flank that can radiate to the groin.[] Megestrol acetate for treatment of anorexia-cachexia syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Mar 28;3:CD004310.[] Microscopically, neutrophilic infiltrates, diffuse edema, and microabscesses may be seen, which may coalesce into larger collections.[]

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