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680 Possible Causes for Cafe-Au-Lait Spots

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  • Legius Syndrome

    Legius syndrome ( LS ) is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cafe au lait spots. MD, Robert P. Erickson; PhD, Anthony J. Wynshaw-Boris MD (2016).[en.wikipedia.org] Mother's sister and grandfather have some cafe-au-lait spots.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On assessment he was noted to have multiple cafe-au-lait spots 5 mm in diameter. Cafe-au-lait spots were also noted on his mother and brother.[pediatricneurology.conferenceseries.com]

  • Neurofibroma

    Areas of abnormal skin pigmentation typically include pale tan or light brown discolorations (cafe-au-lait spots), freckling in atypical locations such as under the arms ([rarediseases.org] Carriers of this autosomal dominant trait are prone to the occurrence of benign and malignant tumors which present with cafe-au-lait spots, fibromatous tumors in the skin[symptoma.com] Six or more light brown-colored birthmarks (cafe-au-lait spots) may be located anywhere on the body. The spots usually appear before about 9 years of age.[orthoinfo.aaos.org]

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    Von Recklinghausen's disease or neurofibromatosis 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder with multiple neurofibromas and schwannomas, along with cafe au lait spots and axillary[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Additionally, NF1-like cafe-au-lait spots have been described in biallelic mismatch repair deficiency, another condition featuring gastrointestinal polyps.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurofibromatosis type I is characterized by cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules in the eye, and fibromatous tumors of the skin.[flybase.org]

  • Bloom Syndrome

    Bloom syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by short stature, brachydactyly, malar hypoplasia and facial telangiectasia, erythema and cafe au lait[radiopaedia.org] […] shape of the face, such as a long face and a small lower jaw, as well as large ears and a prominent nose changes in skin colour – areas may be darker or lighter than normal cafe-au-lait[medic8.com] spots.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    […] extremely short stature and body and facial asymmetry, excessive sweating, a small triangular face which makes the skull look large by comparison, inward curved fingers, cafe-au-lait[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] 29% of people have these symptoms Abnormal vagina morphology 0000142 Abnormality of the cardiovascular system Cardiovascular abnormality 0001626 Autistic behavior 0000729 Cafe-au-lait[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Less commonly observed clinical features include cafe au lait spots, genitourinary anomalies, motor, speech, cognitive delays, and hypoglycemia.[mayomedicallaboratories.com]

  • Pheochromocytoma

    The subject should be examined for cafe au lait spots if neurofibromatosis is suspected.[clinicalpainadvisor.com] Neurofibromatosis type 1 involves neurofibromas and cafe-au-lait spots. The genetic mutation is found on chromosome 17q11.2.[clinicalpainadvisor.com]

  • McCune-Albright Syndrome

    People with neurofibromatosis often have more than 6 light brown spots -- cafe-au-lait spots -- larger than 1.5 centimeters.[mountsinai.org] McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by the triad of fibrous dysplasia (FD), cafe-au-lait spots and precocious puberty (PP).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] au lait ' spots Presentation is variable 1 : leg pain, limp, pathological fracture : 75% abnormal vaginal bleeding: 25% coast of Maine cafe-au-lait spots predominantly on[radiopaedia.org]

  • Polyostotic Fibrous Dysplasia

    When melanotic pigmentation (cafe-au-lait spots) and multiple endocrine hyperfunction are additionally associated it is referred to as albright syndrome ICD-9-CM Volume 2[icd9data.com] au lait ' spots Presentation is variable 1 : leg pain, limp, pathological fracture : 75% abnormal vaginal bleeding: 25% coast of Maine cafe-au-lait spots predominantly on[radiopaedia.org] Other symptoms include: Bone fractures Deformities of the bones in the face Gigantism Irregular, large patchy cafe-au-lait spots There is no specific treatment for McCune-Albright[medlineplus.gov]

  • Pheochromocytoma-Islet Cell Tumor Syndrome

    One of Carney's patients showed cafe-au-lait spots, measuring up to 4 cm in diameter, and axillary freckling.[symptoma.com] One of the patients described by Carney and colleagues presented cafe-au-lait spots and axillary freckling characteristic of NF1.[symptoma.com]

  • Seckel Syndrome

    […] contracture Contractures of elbows Elbow contracture Elbow contractures [ more ] 0002987 Facial asymmetry Asymmetry of face Crooked face Unsymmetrical face [ more ] 0000324 Few cafe-au-lait[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] spots 0007429 Growth delay Delayed growth Growth deficiency Growth failure Growth retardation Poor growth Retarded growth [ more ] 0001510 Heart murmur Heart murmurs 0030148[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

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