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310 Possible Causes for Cafe-Au-Lait Spots, Pallor, Weakness

  • Pheochromocytoma

    The subject should be examined for cafe au lait spots if neurofibromatosis is suspected.[clinicalpainadvisor.com] BACKGROUND: Pheochromocytoma is an endocrine tumor that causes hypertension, facial pallor, and headache.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 26-year-old pregnant woman with a history of paroxysmal hypertension during the second trimester presented with lower extremity weakness, numbness, urinary incontinence,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pheochromocytoma-Islet Cell Tumor Syndrome

    One of Carney's patients showed cafe-au-lait spots, measuring up to 4 cm in diameter, and axillary freckling.[symptoma.com] Pheochromocytoma frequently induces paroxysmal hypertension with headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting, sweating, pallor, tachycardia, and palpitations, and these are[symptoma.com] Beyond that, easy fatigability and weakness, flushing, blurred vision, paresthesias, tremor, dyspnea, and fainting have been described.[symptoma.com]

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    Von Recklinghausen's disease or neurofibromatosis 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder with multiple neurofibromas and schwannomas, along with cafe au lait spots and axillary[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Physical findings include visual loss, loss of color vision, an afferent pupillary defect, and optic nerve pallor or atrophy.[emedicine.com] This muscle weakness is present from the earliest stages of the disease assessed and persists throughout childhood with no sex difference.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aplastic Anemia

    Herein we report a patient with celiac disease who was not strictly following a gluten-free diet and presented with progressive pallor, fever, and weakness of 1 month's duration[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Low red cell count (anemia) can cause: Fatigue Pallor (paleness) Rapid heart rate Shortness of breath with exercise Weakness Lightheadedness upon standing Low white cell count[medlineplus.gov] A 66-year-old male visited our hospital with anemia and general weakness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addison's Disease

    Classically, patients affected with Addison's disease develop weakness, anorexia, electrolyte imbalances: decreased sodium and chloride with increased serum potassium resulting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] insufficiency or Addison's disease is a rare disorder often difficult to diagnose on presentation by the nature of its associated nonspecific symptoms, such as nausea or weakness[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Herein, we describe the case of a 50-year-old gentleman residing in western Sudan who presented with a 7-month history of generalized body weakness, easy fatigue, and frequent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Systemic Scleroderma

    Even among patients who do not experience all of the skin changes associated with Raynaud’s phenomenon, most report digital pallor 11 (see Figure 3).[mdedge.com] The lungs and heart are also affected: a person may experience shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue and have a cough without the production of sputum.[symptoma.com] ] Nail-fold capillary dilatation and capillary destruction (see image below) Raynaud phenomenon of the hands: Symmetrical acral vasospasm is present, with characteristic pallor[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Gaucher Disease

    […] reactions, occurring in 2 or more patients, included abdominal pain, agitation, fever, chills, diarrhea, eczema, edema, hypertension, irritability, laryngeal edema, nausea, pallor[aetna.com] However, there is weak correlation between GD/cancer phenotype and the systemic burden of glucocerebroside-laden macrophages.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Weakness However, there is weak correlation between GD/cancer phenotype and the systemic burden of glucocerebroside-laden macrophages.[symptoma.com]

  • Congenital Aplastic Anemia

    […] anemia Cause is chromosome breakage and defective repair Autosome recessive, few X-linked recessive Pancytopenia is seen first decade of life Congenital abnormalities – cafe-au-lait[pediatriceducation.org] Low counts of red blood cells bring about anemia and cause fatigue, weakness and pallor.[symptoma.com] May present with sequelae of neutropenia (infections), anaemia (fatigue, pallor, dyspnoea, tachycardia), or thrombocytopenia (bleeding, bruising).[bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Tuberous Sclerosis

    Additional skin lesions may also develop, including cafe-au-lait spots; fibromas (benign, fibrous nodules) arising around or beneath the nails; or shagreen patches (rough,[flybase.org] […] menstrual periods, acne, inflammation of lung tissue, irregular menstrual periods, swelling of extremities or other parts of the body, high level of blood sugar, feeling weak[globenewswire.com] These are known as cafe-au-lait spots. A child may also have skin tumors that are not cancer (benign). These are called neurofibromas.[urmc.rochester.edu]

  • Russell-Silver Syndrome

    […] extremely short stature and body and facial asymmetry, excessive sweating, a small triangular face which makes the skull look large by comparison, inward curved fingers, cafe-au-lait[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Nocturnal sweating was the commonest symptom (23.96%), followed by irritability (11.46%), tantrums (7.29%), pallor and shakiness (3.13%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] His pattern of processing weaknesses indicated a need for academic accommodations to complete his college-level academic work, along with counseling to address emotional issues[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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