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570 Possible Causes for Cafe-Au-Lait Spots, Seizure

  • Tuberous Sclerosis

    Additional skin lesions may also develop, including cafe-au-lait spots; fibromas (benign, fibrous nodules) arising around or beneath the nails; or shagreen patches (rough,[flybase.org] KEYWORDS: clinically silent seizure; ictal electroencephalogram; neonatal seizure; polygraph; tuberous sclerosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These are known as cafe-au-lait spots. A child may also have skin tumors that are not cancer (benign). These are called neurofibromas.[urmc.rochester.edu]

  • Neurofibromatosis Type 1

    Von Recklinghausen's disease or neurofibromatosis 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder with multiple neurofibromas and schwannomas, along with cafe au lait spots and axillary[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of NF1 in seizures pathogenesis in a cohort of children with NF1 and seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neurofibromatosis type I is characterized by cafe-au-lait spots, Lisch nodules in the eye, and fibromatous tumors of the skin.[flybase.org]

  • Hemimegalencephaly

    Conditions such as linear nevus syndrome , “cafe au laitspots , ash leaf marks , and H ypomelanosis of Ito .[brainrecoveryproject.org] The ictal studies were performed during a clinical seizure in one neonate and during a subclinical seizure in another neonate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We hypothesize that nearly continuous seizure activity might sustain seizure-induced brain injury in the dysplastic hemisphere but causal heterogeneity and associated anatomical[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hereditary Neurocutaneous Angioma

    Cafe au lait spots 4.) Neurofibromas 5.) Cataracts What are the clinical features of tuberous sclerosis 1.) Cognitive impairment 2.) Epilepsy 3.)[brainscape.com] Showing of 7 80%-99% of people have these symptoms Hemangioma Strawberry mark 0001028 Seizures Seizure 0001250 30%-79% of people have these symptoms Horner syndrome 0002277[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] The classic symptom of NF I is light brown patches of pigment on the skin, called cafe-au-lait spots.[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Brain Neoplasm

    […] chromosome 17. pts have at least 2 of the following: 1. 5 cafe au lait spots 1 neurofibromas 3. axillary or inguinal freckling 4. optic glioma 5. 1 iris hamartomas (lisch[brainscape.com] Seizures, focal or generalized, may be the earliest expression of a brain tumor.[emedicine.medscape.com] Common symptoms include: headaches (often worse in the morning and when coughing or straining) fits (seizures) regularly feeling sick or vomiting memory problems or changes[nhs.uk]

  • Tuberous Sclerosis Type 2

    TS2 patients also tend to have more cortical tubers, more seizures and more severe kidney involvement. Retinal hamartomas are more commonly found in TS2 patients.[symptoma.com] The results of preliminary studies suggest that patients who are diagnosed early, before the onset of epilepsy, may have less severe seizures and a better neurocognitive outcome[symptoma.com]

  • Tuberous Sclerosis Type 1

    TS1 patients also tend to have fewer cortical tubers, fewer seizures and less severe kidney involvement. Retinal hamartomas are less commonly found in TS1 patients.[symptoma.com] The results of preliminary studies suggest that patients who are diagnosed early, before the onset of epilepsy, may have less severe seizures and a better neurocognitive outcome[symptoma.com]

  • Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome

    […] uterus 0000136 Bimanual synkinesia Hand mirror movements Mirror hand movements Mirror movements [ more ] 0001335 Broad hallux Broad big toe Wide big toe [ more ] 0010055 Cafe-au-lait[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] Almost no patient presented seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Children affected typically are delayed cognitively and physically, with some having tethered cords and seizures.[nj.com]

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    In addition, there were significant cafe-au-lait spots on the trunk and other minor features consistent with the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 19-year-old female was referred with seizures and the Dandy-Walker syndrome. We continued the medical workup and also treated the patient with psychotherapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract A young boy presented with mental retardation and seizures with extensive hairy naevi.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Incontinentia Pigmenti Achromians

    Hypomelanosis of Ito associated with cafe-au-lait spot and angiomatous nevi.[ijpd.in] Seizures, scoliosis, and other problems are treated as needed. Outlook depends on the type and severity of symptoms that develop.[nlm.nih.gov] Anomalies of the central nervous system may include intellectual deficit, motor retardation, seizures, microcephaly, macrocephaly and hypotonia.[orpha.net]

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