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30 Possible Causes for Calcium Increased, Focal Atrophy of Choroid

  • Paraneoplastic Syndrome

    Increased calcium in blood. Can lead to renal failure. 50% mortality rate if advanced. Considered RT emergency. Most common paraneoplastic syndrome.[quizlet.com] D) OCT of the same eye demonstrated neurosensory detachment over the macula with focal areas of RPE atrophy and hypertrophy.[reviewofophthalmology.com] It increases renal calcium absorption and decreases renal phosphorus absorption.[doi.org]

  • Parathyroid Adenoma

    […] parathyroid hormone, serum calcium increased Prognosis benign Other depression, psychosis, delirium, coma, ataxia Clin.[librepathology.org] The lesion demonstrated overlying focal choroidal atrophy (n 63, 35%) and retinal pigment epithelium atrophy (n 88, 49%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After treatment with Aredia (pamidronate disodium) infusion, calcium decreased to 2.73 mmol/L. In 2010 the serum calcium levels increased again to 3 mmol/L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hemochromatosis

    A high sugar consumption may also increase absorption of iron. Calcium-rich foods and eggs and tea may inhibit iron absorption.[medicalnewstoday.com] The spectral domain optical coherence tomography showed retinal pigmentary epithelial atrophy associated with irregularities and focal interruption of the ellipsoid zone.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pyrophosphate deposition (pseudogout) Pancreas: intensely pigmented, diffuse interstitial fibrosis Skin: hemosiderin in dermal macrophages and fibroblasts, also increased[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Acute Hypertensive Retinopathy

    . - Calcium channel blockers. - Angiotensin receptor antagonists.[nhp.gov.in] Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] Commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications includes ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, thiazide diuretics, and calcium channel blockers.[amboss.com]

  • Papilledema

    Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of hypocalcemia, increases the likelihood of visual recovery. [25 ] References Richter PL, Chutorian AM.[djo.org.in] Causes(Unilateral)  Foster kennedy syndrome  Previous unilateral optic atrophy.  Posterior fossa tumor.  Brain abcess.  Subarachnoid haemorrhage.  Optochiasmatic choroiditis[slideshare.net] Barr, MacBryde and Sanders reported a 21 year old patient with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism who had bilateral papilledema and increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure which[djo.org.in]

  • Acute Juvenile Hemorrhagic Cystitis

    Chronic uveitis may result in the formation of band keratopathy, which is a deposition of calcium at the level of Bowman’s membrane.[medtextfree.wordpress.com] […] or choroiditis • Pars plana exudates (“snowbanking”) • Serous, tractional, or rhegmatogenous retinal detachment • Retinochoroidal atrophy • Choroidal and retinal neovascularization[medtextfree.wordpress.com] ., release of chemotactic factors and mediators that increase vascular permeability) result in the presence of cells and flare (protein) in the aqueous humor.[medtextfree.wordpress.com]

  • Hypertensive Retinopathy

    . - Calcium channel blockers. - Angiotensin receptor antagonists.[nhp.gov.in] Areas of focal chorioretinal atrophy [from previous choroidal infarcts (Elschnig spots)] are a sign of past episodes of acute HTN.[medium.com] […] in arteriolar density among untreated hypertensives. 68 Both calcium channel blockers and angiotensin antagonists are shown to cause regression of retinal vascular signs[doi.org]

  • Familial Hyperaldosteronism Type 1

    This condition is responsible for increased calcium influx into the glomerulosa cell leading to constitutive secretion of aldosterone and possibly cell proliferation.[endocrine-abstracts.org] […] dystonia - not a rare disease FTSS - See Camptodactyly syndrome Guadalajara type 1 Fuchs atrophia gyrata chorioideae et retinae - See Gyrate atrophy of choroid and retina[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] All the mutations described to date result in increased calcium influx and thus increased intracellular calcium levels.[dovepress.com]

  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

    Loss of p53 activity may facilitate smooth muscle proliferation and, thus, increased intimal thickness.[cid.oxfordjournals.org] Central healing of the lesions occurs after necrosis, leading to atrophy of the retina and choroid (27). The second pattern of retinitis is the granular or atypical one.[scielo.br] […] difference was seen in the incidence of atherosclerosis among patients who were not taking calcium-channel blockers, but no difference was apparent among patients who were taking calcium-channel[cid.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Arteriosclerotic Retinopathy

    . - Calcium channel blockers. - Angiotensin receptor antagonists.[nhp.gov.in] Areas of retinal pigment epithelium clump and atrophy (Elschnig spots), forming from the focal acute white retinal pigment epithelium lesions.[emedicine.medscape.com] Commonly prescribed antihypertensive medications includes ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers, thiazide diuretics, and calcium channel blockers.[amboss.com]

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