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66 Possible Causes for Cardiac Arrhythmia, Cardiac Signs and Symptoms, Pulsus Alternans

  • Cardiomyopathy

    INTRODUCTION: Noncompaction cardiomyopathy is a rare phenotype of cardiomyopathy associated with severe cardiac arrhythmia and thromboembolic complications.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Like HCM, it can cause sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes. What are the signs and symptoms? Some people who have cardiomyopathy never have signs or symptoms.[mplsheart.org] Lilly -- Mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias / Ranliang Hu [and others] -- Clinical aspects of cardiac arrhythmias / Ranliang Hu, William G. Stevenson, and Leonard S.[worldcat.org]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    References Huikuri HV, Castellanos A, Myerburg RJ, Sudden death due to cardiac arrhythmias, N Engl J Med, 2001;345:1473–82.[uscjournal.com] Documentation Suggestions Describe clinical signs and symptoms (e.g., crescendo angina, fourth heart sound, left ventricular failure, pain radiating to left arm, etc.).[library.ahima.org] With the above anatomical correlates in mind, the various complications of acute MI are easier to explain: Arrhythmias / Heart block : Almost any cardiac arrhythmia may occur[brown.edu]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Cardiac arrhythmias are a complication of myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Focal lesions may cause cardiac arrhythmia. fibrotic myocarditis healed lesion with much myocardium replaced by scar tissue; cardiac function will be severely compromised.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Heart failure may show on these tests: Echocardiogram Chest X-ray Chest CT A cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography An ECG may show heart enlargement or arrhythmias[aa.activeboard.com] […] biomarker elevation suggestive of myopericarditis; or when a patient presents with clinical signs and symptoms of an acute MI and a normal coronary angiogram.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Arrhythmias arising in the cardiac atria (upper chambers of the heart) are called atrial or supraventricular arrhythmias.[ssa.gov] Associated cardiac complications include atrial arrhythmias, pulmonary edema, recurrent pulmonary emboli, infective endocarditis, intracardiac thrombus formation, and systemic[emedicine.medscape.com] […] complication thereof (i.e. heart failure, stroke, infective endocarditis, arrhythmia) as an immediate or underlying cause-of-death, without listing ischaemic heart disease[journals.plos.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Lilly -- Mechanisms of cardiac arrhythmias / Ranliang Hu [and others] -- Clinical aspects of cardiac arrhythmias / Ranliang Hu, William G. Stevenson, and Leonard S.[worldcat.org] Physical exam: A thorough physical exam will be done to evaluate for signs of a cardiac problem.[cincinnatichildrens.org]

  • Myocardial Infarction

    Cardiology Teaching Package A Beginners Guide to Normal Heart Function, Sinus Rhythm & Common Cardiac Arrhythmias Definition of Myocardial Infarction Prior to 2001, 2 categories[nottingham.ac.uk] Some people have no symptoms; for others, the first sign may be sudden cardiac arrest.[mayoclinic.org] arrhythmias causing major symptoms, the incidence ratio was 3.07, and for cardiac arrhythmias causing minor symptoms, it was 2.13.[doi.org]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) Cardiomyopathy or another primary disease of the heart muscle Coronary artery disease Kawasaki's disease Inflammation of heart muscle ([chw.org] This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypersensitivity Myocarditis

    Cardiac arrhythmias or unexplained death occurred in 29 patients and did not correlate with the degree of myocardial infiltrate or presence of necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In retrospect, the presence of signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity (skin rash, fever, eosinophilia, and malaise) and nonspecific cardiac findings (electrocardiographic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Focal lesions may cause cardiac arrhythmia. fibrotic myocarditis healed lesion with much myocardium replaced by scar tissue; cardiac function will be severely compromised.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    People with myocarditis that causes heart failure or cardiac arrhythmias will be treated in a hospital.[drugs.com] […] prior to developing cardiac signs and symptoms (see Table 1).[inmo.ie] symptoms of myocardial infarction or cardiac failure, including chest pain and cardiac arrhythmias Diagnosis Endomyocardial biopsy is the gold standard to diagnose myocarditis[pathologyoutlines.com]

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