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4,097 Possible Causes for Cardiac Arrhythmia, Electromechanical Dissociation, Persistent Lactic Acidosis

  • Acidosis

    Hyperlactatemia is defined as a persistent, mild to moderate (2-4 mmol/L) increase in blood lactate concentration without metabolic acidosis , whereas lactic acidosis is characterized[emedicine.medscape.com] In mild cases the symptoms may be overlooked; in severe cases symptoms are more obvious and may include muscle twitching, involuntary movement, cardiac arrhythmias, disorientation[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Low plasma potassium levels in those with the classic form of dRTA can also cause cardiac arrhythmias, paralysis and even death.[orpha.net]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    lactic acidosis, low cardiac output, high doses of catecholamines, kidney and/or liver failure) and of cardiac arrest without “no flow” in patients with advanced chronic[annalsofintensivecare.springeropen.com] Carditis can complicate Lyme disease in an estimated 5% of cases, and cardiogenic shock and severe cardiac arrhythmias are described with electrocardiographic abnormalities[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The occurrence of serious cardiac arrhythmias is rare in lithium intoxication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperkalemia

    Use of methoxamine in the resuscitation of epinephrine-resistant electromechanical dissociation. Anaesthesia. 2001 ; 56 :1085–1089. Crossref Medline Google Scholar 82.[doi.org] The fact, however, that hyperkalemia can lead to sudden death from cardiac arrhythmias requires that physicians be quick to consider hyperkalemia in patients who are at risk[emedicine.com] Electromechanical dissociation 48 hours after atenolol overdose: usefulness of calcium chloride. Ann Emerg Med. 1998 ; 31 :777–781. Crossref Medline Google Scholar 271.[doi.org]

    Missing: Persistent Lactic Acidosis
  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    dissociation 52 – 54 .[f1000research.com] References Huikuri HV, Castellanos A, Myerburg RJ, Sudden death due to cardiac arrhythmias, N Engl J Med, 2001;345:1473–82.[uscjournal.com] dissociation and asystole, sometimes immediately preceded by recurrent chest pain and ST-segment elevation on ECG. 384 , 386 In a small, prospective study of subacute ruptures[ahajournals.org]

    Missing: Persistent Lactic Acidosis
  • Hypoxia

    […] arrest (when the heart stops pumping) Cardiac arrhythmia (heart rhythm problems) Complications of general anesthesia Drowning Drug overdose Injuries to a newborn that occurred[medlineplus.gov] While strokes and cardiac arrhythmia can both result in HII, the most frequent cause is cardiac arrest.[caregiver.org] […] lateral sclerosis (ALS) High altitudes Pressure on (compression) the windpipe (trachea) Strangulation In other cases, both oxygen and nutrient supply are stopped, caused by: Cardiac[medlineplus.gov]

    Missing: Persistent Lactic Acidosis
  • Tricyclic Antidepressant Overdose

    Abstract Tricyclic antidepressant overdose is widely felt to be associated with cardiac arrhythmias which may occur without warning, sometimes late in the clinical course.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical presentation of overdose from the tricyclic agents includes cardiac arrhythmias, hypotension, seizures, coma and anticholinergic signs such as hyperthermia, flushing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiac arrhythmias generally respond to sodium bicarbonate, and seizures respond to intravenous diazepam.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Persistent Lactic Acidosis
  • Accidental Hypothermia

    Author information 1 Texas Health Harris Methodist Hospital Fort Worth, USA. robdavisrn@sbcglobal.net Abstract A potential cause of such emergent issues as cardiac arrhythmias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gastric, colonic, and bladder lavage transfer minimal heat due to small surface areas. 21, 30 Gastric lavage may provoke cardiac arrhythmias 23 and also carries a risk of[nursingcenter.com] When the core temperature drops even a few degrees, physiologic changes can lead to fatal cardiac arrhythmias and respiratory failure.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Persistent Lactic Acidosis
  • Cardiac Arrest

    Post defibrillation electromechanical dissociation is common in patients with cardiomyopathy and can lead to SCD despite successful defibrillation of the primary tachyarrhythmia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Published medical literature has a handful of case reports associating these products with potentially life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electromechanical dissociation: six years prehospital experience. Resuscitation 1989 ; 17: 173 – 82. Google Scholar Crossref Medline ISI 19.[doi.org]

    Missing: Persistent Lactic Acidosis
  • Hypovolemic Shock

    lactic acidosis, low cardiac output, high doses of catecholamines, kidney and/or liver failure) and of cardiac arrest without “no flow” in patients with advanced chronic[annalsofintensivecare.springeropen.com] Complications include infection, thrombosis, cardiac arrhythmia, entrapped guide wire, and malposition.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ECG can be useful for the detection of cardiac arrhythmias and other cardiac problems.[boneandspine.com]

  • Barth Syndrome

    UPN 5930 is alive 7 years after transplant, and UPN 5939 died the day after transplantation of cardiac arrest due to electromechanical dissociation.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] Lactic acidosis and mild anemia may occur.[orpha.net] BTHS can also present as sudden cardiac death within families, as illustrated by a previous family history of sudden cardiac death in two BTHS patients with documented arrhythmias[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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