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55 Possible Causes for Cardiac Catheterization Abnormal, Prominent A-Wave, Pulmonary Systolic Murmur

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    Course and Complications  Ejection systolic murmur at birth (due to pulmonary hypertension)  continuous murmur after a few weeks  Development of Pulmonary arterial hypertension[slideshare.net] Cardiac catheterization showed bidirectional shunting via the PDA. Familial clustering of Eisenmenger PDA and congenital deafness is rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Risks and complications of surgery or cardiac catheterization Risks and possible complications include: Reaction to contrast dye (only with cardiac catheterization) Reaction[saintlukeskc.org]

  • Pulmonary Valve Stenosis

    ECG of pulmonary valve stenosis Electrical axis deviation to right or right ventricular hypertrophy, prominent P wave.[remedyland.com] Sixteen patients were asymptomatic with pulmonary systolic murmurs, although 6 patients presented with dyspnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] abnormalities.[medicina-interventionala.ro]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    […] vascular resistance decreases left to right shunt and converts systolic murmur in the one-sided murmur.[remedyland.com] Cardiac catheterization, which involves a thin, long tube that is inserted into a blood vessel at the groin and guided via an artery or vein into the heart.[childrens.memorialhermann.org] , loudest at the fourth intercostal space, usually with a thrill, and a loud and widely split pulmonic component of S2 With fixed pulmonary hypertension, diastolic murmur[quizlet.com]

  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    If MR is present, the findings of ASD may be modified Prominent v wave in JVP LV type apex IE may occur (unlike secundum ASD) ECG Incomplete RBBB pattern in v1 as in secundum[heartpearls.com] MurmursPulmonary ejection systolic murmur – Increased pulmonary flow • Tricuspid murmur – is heard over left sternal edge louder on inspiration • Graham-Steell murmur[slideshare.net] If the ASD is large, it can be closed with open-heart surgery, or by cardiac catheterization using a device inserted into the opening to plug it.[heart.org]

  • Eisenmenger Syndrome

    ECG of Eisenmenger syndrome Usually there is right ventricular hypertrophy with prominent P waves.[remedyland.com] catheterization; • Electrocardiogram; and • Echocardiogram.[secure.ssa.gov] Ejection systolic murmur audible along the left sternal border.[patient.info]

  • Pulmonary Valve Disease

    The jugular pulse may have a prominent "A" wave. If the pulmonary regurgitation component is severe, the heart may be enlarged, pulsatile and painful.[symptoma.com] Signs Soft pulmonary systolic murmurs are more easily heard with the patient lying down.[patient.info] When pulmonary valve disease is being considered for repair, especially in an adult, cardiac catheterization is usually performed.[hcmw.com]

  • Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency

    Physical Examination Findings on cardiovascular examination in patients with tricuspid regurgitation include the following: S 3 gallop Jugular venous distention with a prominent[emedicine.medscape.com] In the absence of pulmonary hypertension, the murmur is usually low-intensity and early systolic.[patient.info] Tests used to diagnose valve disease may include: Electrocardiography (ECG) Chest X-ray Echocardiography Transesophageal echocardiography Cardiac Catheterization (cardiac[my.clevelandclinic.org]

  • Tricuspid Stenosis

    Patients often display a prominent A Wave as atrial systole against the stenotic tricuspid valve results in an exaggerated increase in right atrial pressure and thus bulging[pathwaymedicine.org] In the absence of pulmonary hypertension, the murmur is usually low-intensity and early systolic.[patient.info] Cardiac catheterization may be used to aid in the planning of the optimal surgical procedure, as it can diagnose many aspects of cardiac pathology.[symptoma.com]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    In addition to a pansystolic murmur, there may also be a mid/end diastolic murmur mimicking mitral stenosis as well as an ejection systolic murmur mimicking aortic stenosis[radiopaedia.org] catheterization : a thin tube (catheter) is inserted into the heart through a large vein in the leg Cardiac MRI : a three-dimensional image that shows the heart's abnormalities[chop.edu] Although heart sounds are normal, a systolic click and a grade iii/iv systolic murmur in the pulmonary area is heard.[escardio.org]

  • Pulmonary Atresia

    With progressive right ventricular failure, hepatomegaly and prominent “a” wave of jugular venous pulse may be observed.[ispub.com] Auscultatory finding: harsh systolic murmur that is best heard over Erb's point and left upper sternal border ; single second heart sound Diagnostics Pulse oximetry : SpO2[amboss.com] Multidetector CT demonstrated all of these abnormalities and is the investigation of choice instead of cardiac catheterization.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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