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16 Possible Causes for Cardiac Catheterization showing Shunts, Heart Murmur, Midline Defects

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Surgical atrial septal defect treatment is performed by an open heart surgery, done using an up-and-down (vertical) incision in the midline of the chest.[childrens.memorialhermann.org] Transesophageal echocardiography showed an increase of right to left shunt flow on sitting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At the initial visit, he presented with recurrent lower respiratory infection, heart murmur, psychomotor retardation, inverted nipples, and cerebellar atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Objective:: Perventricular device closure of ventricular septal defect through midline sternotomy avoids the cardiopulmonary bypass, however, lacks the cosmetic advantage.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A murmur is a sound generated by abnormally turbulent flow of blood through the heart.[medicinenet.com] The diagnosis of a VSD is usually suspected clinically by hearing a characteristic heart murmur .[medicinenet.com]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Identification of a heart murmur (most likely pansystolic, but also ejection systolic or apical mid-diastolic) during cardiac auscultation can raise sufficient clinical suspicion[symptoma.com] Ectopia cordis results from the failure of migration of lateral mesoderm into the midline.[annalspc.com]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals .[journals.cambridge.org] Another common sign of tetralogy of Fallot is a heart murmur. A heart murmur is an extra or unusual sound that doctors might hear while listening to the heart.[web.archive.org] Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collaterals.[doi.org]

  • Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

    Cross, Cardiac malformations and midline skeletal defects in mice lacking filamin A, Human Molecular Genetics, 15, 16, (2457), (2006).[doi.org] Figure 1: Cardiac catheterization and angiography showing type 1 truncus arteriosus Click here to view Intraoperative TEE examination confirmed that the PA was arising posterior[annals.in] A grade 2 to 4/6 systolic murmur is audible along the left sternal border (see table Heart Murmur Intensity ).[merckmanuals.com]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    Node and midline defects are associated with left-right development in Delta1 mutant embryos. Development. 2003 ; 130 : 3–13.[doi.org] Cardiac catheterization showed residual shunting through the VSD device margins causing the hemolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. However, not all murmurs are signs of congenital heart defects. Many healthy children have heart murmurs.[web.archive.org]

  • Cyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] Echocardiography usually delineates these abnormalities and very rarely a cardiac catheterization may be needed.[hawaii.edu] Auscultation findings may include tachycardic or bradycardic sounds;heart murmurs- their location, intensity, musical qualities and lack of variability with respiratory movements[symptoma.com]

  • Atrioventricular Septal Defect

    Echocardiography Allows direct visualization of the defect spectrum and often a large defect of the midline heart structures are seen.[radiopaedia.org] Generally, we performed follow-up cardiac catheterization annually or biennially.[e-kcj.org] When a heart murmur is heard the tests used can be: An ultrasound scan ( echocardiogram ) to see the hole and how the blood moves through the heart An oxygen saturation monitor[corience.org]

  • Anomalies of Great Veins, Congenital

    Midline one-stage complete unifocalization and repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major pulmonary collateral.[hawaii.edu] -- children (Medical Encyclopedia) Heart murmurs and other sounds (Medical Encyclopedia) Patent ductus arteriosus (Medical Encyclopedia) Ventricular septal defect (Medical[icdlist.com] As a consequence of this developmental defect of the common cardinal vein, the persistent left SVC can be associated with the presence of two azygos veins.[phlebolymphology.org]

  • Scimitar Syndrome

    Acyanotic lesions (such as atrial or ventricular septal defects) are typically able to maintain appropriate oxygen saturations despite a left-to-right shunt.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] Chest X-ray film showed Scimitar sign. Cardiac catheterization revealed 30% left to right shunt without atrial septal defect.[rwjms1.umdnj.edu] Case presentation A seven year old girl was evaluated for systolic heart murmur.[cardiothoracicsurgery.biomedcentral.com]

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