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42 Possible Causes for Cardiac Catheterization showing Shunts, Systolic Thrill at Lower Left Sternal Border

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    Cardiac catheterization showed bidirectional shunting via the PDA. Familial clustering of Eisenmenger PDA and congenital deafness is rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    3 to 4/6 holosystolic murmur (with or without thrill) at the lower left sternal border; this murmur is usually audible within the first few days of life (see table Heart[msdmanuals.com] Muscular defects can be heard along the lower left sternal border and may vary in intensity as the defect size changes with muscular contraction throughout systole.[circ.ahajournals.org] Small VSDs typically produce murmurs ranging from a grade 1 to 2/6 high-pitched, short systolic murmur (due to tiny defects that actually close during late systole) to a grade[msdmanuals.com]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Systolic thrill at the lower left sternal border. Aortic ejection click.[patient.info] A patient without cyanosis has a long, loud, systolic murmur with a thrill along the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT).[patient.info] […] older child with long-standing cyanosis (without surgery) may present with the following signs: Cardiac Right ventricular predominance on palpation or possibly a bulging left[patient.info]

  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    3 to 4/6 holosystolic murmur (with or without thrill) at the lower left sternal border; this murmur is usually audible within the first few days of life (see table Heart[merckmanuals.com] Small VSDs typically produce murmurs ranging from a grade 1 to 2/6 high-pitched, short systolic murmur (due to tiny defects that actually close during late systole) to a grade[merckmanuals.com]

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Transesophageal echocardiography showed an increase of right to left shunt flow on sitting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her physical examination, chest X-ray, ECG and cardiac catheterization results were all normal.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Systolic Thrill at Lower Left Sternal Border
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    Research Transcatheter versus... Transcatheter versus surgical aortic valve replacement in patients with severe aortic stenosis at low and intermediate risk: systematic review and meta-analysis Research BMJ 2016 ; 354 doi: (Published 28 September 2016) Cite this as: BMJ 2016;354:i5130 Reed A Siemieniuk, PhD[…][web.archive.org]

    Missing: Cardiac Catheterization showing Shunts
  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    Pediatric patients with small left-to-right shunts and no significant mitral regurgitation who have not undergone surgery are at relatively low risk for complications. In these patients, adult survival is expected, but complications can develop as age advances. Untreated patients with large shunts and/or significant[…][emedicine.com]

    Missing: Systolic Thrill at Lower Left Sternal Border
  • Patent Foramen Ovale

    To present the case of a man with branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) and concomitant patent foramen ovale (PFO), which was first diagnosed during the evaluation of BRAO. A 35-year-old man presented with blurred vision in the left eye for 2 days. His best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 6/6 in the right[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Systolic Thrill at Lower Left Sternal Border
  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    PLoS One. 2015 Apr 20;10(4):e0124409. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124409. eCollection 2015. Author information 1 Department of Cardiology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China; Division of Medical Genetics, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China. 2 Division of Medical Genetics,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Systolic Thrill at Lower Left Sternal Border
  • Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

    Figure 1: Cardiac catheterization and angiography showing type 1 truncus arteriosus Click here to view Intraoperative TEE examination confirmed that the PA was arising posterior[annals.in] […] aorta with a truncal valve over riding interventricular septum (IVS) with moderate truncal valve regurgitation, large subtruncal VSD of 20 mm in size with bi-directional shunt[annals.in]

    Missing: Systolic Thrill at Lower Left Sternal Border

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