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48 Possible Causes for Cardiac Catheterization showing Shunts, Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation

  • Atrial Septal Defect

    Transesophageal echocardiography showed an increase of right to left shunt flow on sitting.[] In the majority of patients, TTE allows the evaluation of cardiac anatomy ( i.e. orientation and veno-atrial, atrioventricular and ventriculo-arterial connections), the morphology[] Her physical examination, chest X-ray, ECG and cardiac catheterization results were all normal.[]

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    Shunt types and the valvular regurgitation were evaluated with color Doppler.[] The characteristics of atrial and ventricular septal defects were assessed in 4 chamber apical and subcostal planes.[] Ventriculo-arterial connections were studied in parasternal short axis at the level of great vessels and in the 5-chamber apical view.[]

  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus

    Cardiac catheterization showed bidirectional shunting via the PDA. Familial clustering of Eisenmenger PDA and congenital deafness is rare.[]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation
  • Ostium Primum Atrial Septal Defect

    The ostium primum atrial septal defect is a defect in the atrial septum at the level of the tricuspid and mitral valves. This is sometimes known as an endocardial cushion defect because it often involves the endocardial cushion, which is the portion of the heart where the atrial septum meets the ventricular septum[…][]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation
  • Patent Foramen Ovale

    Although patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a relatively common condition, the risk of paradoxical embolism is less than 2% of all arterial ischemia. We present the case of a 52-year-old man diagnosed with pulmonary thromboembolism complicated with 2 events of paradoxical emboli in the left upper and right lower limbs[…][]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation
  • Ventricular Septal Defect

    Ventricular septal defect (VSD) generally has a good prognosis unless complicated by heart failure (HF). We report a case of sudden infant death because of clinically undiagnosed VSD in a seemingly healthy 16-day-old boy. Although a cardiac murmur was auscultated at birth, detailed clinical examination was not[…][]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation
  • Large Ventricular Septal Defect

    Abstract The objective of this study was to detect the effect of a large ventricular septal defect (VSD) on right ventricular function before and after birth. All consecutive children with large VSD who were born in our hospital between January 2013-February 2016 and followed up throughout early infancy, and[…][]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation
  • Atrial Standstill

    A case of persistent atrial standstill associated with muscular dystrophy of the limb girdle type is reported for the first time in the literature, In spite, of advanced myopathy, the patient delivered an apparently normal child. Hemodynamic studies including a normal coronary cinearteriography were performed in the[…][]

    Missing: Cardiac Catheterization showing Shunts
  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    Patients with flow-dependent aortopulmonary collateral arteries often exhibit tenuous clinical statuses. Here we present an infant with Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia (TOF-PA) and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) who experienced clinically significant oxygen desaturations during feedings.[…][]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation
  • Persistent Truncus Arteriosus

    Figure 1: Cardiac catheterization and angiography showing type 1 truncus arteriosus Click here to view Intraoperative TEE examination confirmed that the PA was arising posterior[] […] aorta with a truncal valve over riding interventricular septum (IVS) with moderate truncal valve regurgitation, large subtruncal VSD of 20 mm in size with bi-directional shunt[]

    Missing: Ventriculo-Atrial Regurgitation

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