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367 Possible Causes for Cardiac Output Decreased, Cardiomegaly

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Autopsy showed mild cardiomegaly with microscopic foci of myocardial fibrosis and extensive contraction band necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CHF occurs when the flow of blood from the heart ( cardiac output ) decreases, or fluid backs-up behind the failing ventricle, or both.[health.howstuffworks.com] After 2 months of CHM treatment, the follow-up chest X-ray showed great improvements in pulmonary edema and cardiomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    There is a large cardiac silhouette, which could be the result of cardiomegaly.[radiologyassistant.nl] CHF occurs when the flow of blood from the heart ( cardiac output ) decreases, or fluid backs-up behind the failing ventricle, or both.[health.howstuffworks.com] In rare cases, high-output HF may occur as a result of conditions with an increased (rather than decreased) cardiac output, which overwhelms the heart.[amboss.com]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Plain radiograph pericardial calcification pulmonary edema pulmonary ossification : due to mitral valve disease 4 cardiomegaly global cardiomegaly from a dilated cardiomyopathy[radiopaedia.org] Oral prednisone is useful in patients with severe form of carditis, characterized by cardiomegaly and congestive heart failure.[symptoma.com] It helps to diagnose manifestations like cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion. Valve disorders and ventricular dysfunction are diagnosed with echocardiography.[symptoma.com]

  • Hypertension

    Steinmetz JC (1989) Neonatal hypertension and cardiomegaly associated with a congenital neuroblastoma. Pediatr Pathol 9:577–582 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar 101.[oadoi.org] Hypertension is also commonly treated with drugs that decrease cardiac output.[cvphysiology.com] Hypertension is sometimes treated with drugs that decrease cardiac output.[cvphysiology.com]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    The two patients, 13- and 14-year-old boys, developed cardiomegaly and chest pain with vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Evaluation As fluid accumulates in the pericardium, the increase in intrapericardial pressure affects diastolic filling of the heart, leading to decreased cardiac output.[oncologypro.esmo.org] Conclusions Among patients with cardiac tamponade, a minority will not have dyspnea, tachycardia, elevated jugular venous pressure, or cardiomegaly on chest radiograph.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Heart Failure

    Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed. A laboratory analysis revealed anemia with iron deficiency and elevated human parvovirus B19 (B19V) immunoglobulin M.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Decreased cardiac output causes an increase in the blood volume within the vascular system.[web.archive.org] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[web.archive.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly; electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If the blood isn't being pumped out into circulation very well, cardiac output decreases.[study.com] Cardiomegaly with marked biventricular dilation and fibrosis were noticeable histopathological findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Left Cardiac Ventricle Disorder

    […] panhypoadrenocorticism and associated heart disease due to rheumatic fever and coronary atherosclerosis has recently been observed in whom the dominant clinical features were cardiomegaly[annals.org] The decreased cardiac output causes an increase in the blood volume within the vascular system.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] cardiac outputs.[phaonlineuniv.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Electrocardiogram showed right axis deviation, poor R-wave progression, and diffuse ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads, and cardiomegaly was observed by roentgenogram[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] cardiac output and heart failure.[emedicinehealth.com] In very few people with cardiomegaly and severe congestive heart failure, a heart transplant may be recommended.[m.webmd.com]

  • Cardiogenic Shock

    Cardiomegaly(silhouette can be normal) 4. Pericardial effusion 5. Bilateral pleural effusion  Echocardiogram with colour doppler- 1. VSD, 2. severe MR, 3.[slideshare.net] As a result of decreased contractility, the patient develops elevated left and right ventricular (RV) filling pressures and a low cardiac output.[www1.cgmh.org.tw] cardiac output Decreased cardiac output worsens hypoperfusion and acidemia This process spirals creating a vicious cycle: Signs Symptoms: Shortness of breath Dyspnea on exertion[rebelem.com]

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