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42 Possible Causes for Cardiac Signs and Symptoms, Cardiomegaly on Chest X-ray, Pulsus Alternans

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Chest X-ray revealed cardiomegaly, and echocardiogram showed dilated left ventricular (LV) cavity and diffuse hypokinesis with extremely decreased ejection fraction (EF).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    x-ray Cardiomegaly left-sided hypertrophy with a balloon appearance Signs of heart failure decompensation: pulmonary edema Endomyocardial biopsy (see pathology) Pathology[amboss.com] Like HCM, it can cause sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes. What are the signs and symptoms? Some people who have cardiomyopathy never have signs or symptoms.[mplsheart.org] Chest x-ray showed moderate cardiomegaly and bibasilar interstitial infiltrate. Electrocardiography (ECG) registered sinus tachycardia.[scielo.mec.pt]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    […] on chest X-ray ( Figure 1 B).[revportcardiol.org] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical exam: A thorough physical exam will be done to evaluate for signs of a cardiac problem.[cincinnatichildrens.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    However, if a patient has equivocal symptoms and signs combined with a modest elevation in NT-proBNP, it is most likely to represent cardiac dysfunction.[doi.org] The clinical profile of the patients was similar to that reported in recent large AHFS registries. 3 , 6 - 9 All patients had signs and symptoms of congestion (entry requirement[jama.jamanetwork.com] The clinical profile of the patients was similar to that reported in recent large AHFS registries. 3, 6 - 9 All patients had signs and symptoms of congestion (entry requirement[jama.jamanetwork.com]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Documentation Suggestions Describe clinical signs and symptoms (e.g., crescendo angina, fourth heart sound, left ventricular failure, pain radiating to left arm, etc.).[library.ahima.org] ., serum cardiac markers such as Troponin T, EKG, electrolytes, etc.).[library.ahima.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Chest X-ray Chest X-ray is useful in detecting cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion as part of the initial diagnosis of CHF; however, it should be evaluated in consonance[symptoma.com] There were no other associated symptoms. At no time did the patient have clinical signs or symptoms of angina or cardiac failure.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] Signs and symptoms of ischemic cardiomyopathy include sudden fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, and palpitations.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Blood tests will show signs of liver injury and confirm alcohol abuse, while chest X-ray shows pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly and pleural effusions.[radcliffecardiology.com] Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] biomarker elevation suggestive of myopericarditis; or when a patient presents with clinical signs and symptoms of an acute MI and a normal coronary angiogram.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Diagnostic Modalities The chest x-ray typically demonstrates cardiomegaly and increased pulmonary vascular markings, indicating pulmonary oedema.[jpma.org.pk] Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The other lesson from this case is that patients presenting with severe clinical symptoms, important ECG signs and high myocardial enzyme levels should be closely monitored[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypersensitivity Myocarditis

    […] on chest x-ray." 20 Diagnostic Evaluation Electrocardiogram (ECG).[ahcmedia.com] In retrospect, the presence of signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity (skin rash, fever, eosinophilia, and malaise) and nonspecific cardiac findings (electrocardiographic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Patients with symptomatic hypersensitivity myocarditis often present with signs and symptoms of myocarditis, often with heart failure.[thoracickey.com]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    Diagnostic Modalities The chest x-ray typically demonstrates cardiomegaly and increased pulmonary vascular markings, indicating pulmonary oedema.[jpma.org.pk] In patients presenting with prominent cardiac symptoms and signs, the diagnosis can be confirmed by a biopsy (small specimen of the heart) taken from the right ventricle.[myheart.org.uk] symptoms of myocardial infarction or cardiac failure, including chest pain and cardiac arrhythmias Diagnosis Endomyocardial biopsy is the gold standard to diagnose myocarditis[pathologyoutlines.com]