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56 Possible Causes for Cardiac Signs and Symptoms, Edema, Pulsus Alternans

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Like HCM, it can cause sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes. What are the signs and symptoms? Some people who have cardiomyopathy never have signs or symptoms.[mplsheart.org] Signs and symptoms Signs and symptoms of HCM can include the following: Sudden cardiac death (the most devastating presenting manifestation) Dyspnea (the most common presenting[emedicine.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    We report a case of 14-year-old girl who presented with dyspnea, bipedal edema, loss of weight, and easy fatigability for three months.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical exam: A thorough physical exam will be done to evaluate for signs of a cardiac problem.[cincinnatichildrens.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema from different causes can either present acutely or chronically.[symptoma.com] However, if a patient has equivocal symptoms and signs combined with a modest elevation in NT-proBNP, it is most likely to represent cardiac dysfunction.[doi.org] Acute HF is defined as the rapid onset of signs and symptoms secondary to abnormal cardiac function.[doi.org]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The other lesson from this case is that patients presenting with severe clinical symptoms, important ECG signs and high myocardial enzyme levels should be closely monitored[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    […] in the lower extremities Rapid weight gain A common symptom of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is edema in the lower extremities.[study.com] Signs and symptoms of ischemic cardiomyopathy include sudden fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, and palpitations.[en.wikipedia.org] Gross edema and ascites occur much later, undoubtedly owing to the convergence of a number of factors.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    We describe a patient with pancytopenia, jaundice, and diffuse edema after a distal splenorenal shunt. His shunt was angiographically proved patent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] biomarker elevation suggestive of myopericarditis; or when a patient presents with clinical signs and symptoms of an acute MI and a normal coronary angiogram.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Hypersensitivity Myocarditis

    Luke's Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In retrospect, the presence of signs and symptoms of hypersensitivity (skin rash, fever, eosinophilia, and malaise) and nonspecific cardiac findings (electrocardiographic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Luke’s Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[amphetamines.com]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    […] severity of heart failure was quantified using the cardiovascular profile score (CVPS) ( Table 1 ) with 2 modifications to the original scoring system (replacement of “skin edema[heartfailure.onlinejacc.org] The patient may not exhibit any signs and symptoms in the early stages of cardiomyopathy.[fortherecordmag.com] Cardiomyopathy may lead to heart failure, blood clots, a heart murmur, and cardiac arrest.[fortherecordmag.com]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    It can aid in the assessment of necrotic or fibrotic changes, pericardial effusion, edema or functional irregularities.In symptomatic patients, myocarditis is suspected in[symptoma.com] […] prior to developing cardiac signs and symptoms (see Table 1).[inmo.ie] Uremia : Fatty degeneration and edema of the myocardium due to uremic intoxication.[histopathology-india.net]

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