Create issue ticket

42 Possible Causes for Cardiac Signs and Symptoms, Gallop Rhythm, Pulsus Alternans

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The major criteria include: Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Distention of neck veins Crepitations Cardiomegaly Acute pulmonary edema S3 gallop rhythm Increased venous pressure[symptoma.com]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    However, if a patient has equivocal symptoms and signs combined with a modest elevation in NT-proBNP, it is most likely to represent cardiac dysfunction.[doi.org] A gallop rhythm may be present. Blood pressure is generally high.[rcemlearning.co.uk] The clinical profile of the patients was similar to that reported in recent large AHFS registries. 3 , 6 - 9 All patients had signs and symptoms of congestion (entry requirement[jama.jamanetwork.com]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Like HCM, it can cause sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes. What are the signs and symptoms? Some people who have cardiomyopathy never have signs or symptoms.[mplsheart.org] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Signs and symptoms Signs and symptoms of HCM can include the following: Sudden cardiac death (the most devastating presenting manifestation) Dyspnea (the most common presenting[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical exam: A thorough physical exam will be done to evaluate for signs of a cardiac problem.[cincinnatichildrens.org] He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[revportcardiol.org]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Documentation Suggestions Describe clinical signs and symptoms (e.g., crescendo angina, fourth heart sound, left ventricular failure, pain radiating to left arm, etc.).[library.ahima.org] ., serum cardiac markers such as Troponin T, EKG, electrolytes, etc.).[library.ahima.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    There were no other associated symptoms. At no time did the patient have clinical signs or symptoms of angina or cardiac failure.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] rhythm, persistent jugular venous distention, systemic hypotension, peripheral vascular disease Laboratory findings Hyponatremia, persistently elevated B-type natriuretic[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Signs and symptoms of ischemic cardiomyopathy include sudden fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, and palpitations.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Fungal Myocarditis

    Once heart dysfunction sets in, signs of cardiac failure may manifest, such as pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs), peripheral oedema, hypoxemia, pulsus alternans[medindia.net] Symptoms include contractility disorders, cardiac conduction and excitability and complex common symptoms resulting from blood circulation disorders.[mybodypain.com] Heart sounds - soft S1 or S4 gallop rhythm. Signs of heart failure. Aetiology Infection Viral infection is the most common cause of acute myocarditis [ 2 ].[patient.info]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A gallop rhythm, produced by the third or fourth heart sound is best heard at the apex.[jpma.org.pk] The other lesson from this case is that patients presenting with severe clinical symptoms, important ECG signs and high myocardial enzyme levels should be closely monitored[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    In patients presenting with prominent cardiac symptoms and signs, the diagnosis can be confirmed by a biopsy (small specimen of the heart) taken from the right ventricle.[myheart.org.uk] All patients presented with tachypnoea, tachycardia, sweating, gallop rhythm, pulmonary wheezing, rales and hepatomegaly.[bestbets.org] symptoms of myocardial infarction or cardiac failure, including chest pain and cardiac arrhythmias Diagnosis Endomyocardial biopsy is the gold standard to diagnose myocarditis[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] biomarker elevation suggestive of myopericarditis; or when a patient presents with clinical signs and symptoms of an acute MI and a normal coronary angiogram.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] Application of a small dose of glyceryl trinitrate paste (0.25 in) resulted in severe left ventricular dysfunction with the appearance of pulsus alternans in a patient with[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]