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44 Possible Causes for Cardiac Signs and Symptoms, Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dyspnea, Pulsus Alternans

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Features due to left heart failure: Dyspnea, orthopnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea: These symptoms develop due to congestion of the lungs.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] or comorbid paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and orthopnea are present, even in patients with preeclampsia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, if a patient has equivocal symptoms and signs combined with a modest elevation in NT-proBNP, it is most likely to represent cardiac dysfunction.[doi.org] nocturnal dyspnea" if it causes you to wake up 1 to 2 hours after falling asleep and struggle to catch your breath.)[medlineplus.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Symptoms: Patients with cardiomyopathy will typically present with dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral edema, and fatigue.[symptoma.com] Like HCM, it can cause sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes. What are the signs and symptoms? Some people who have cardiomyopathy never have signs or symptoms.[mplsheart.org] Signs and symptoms Signs and symptoms of HCM can include the following: Sudden cardiac death (the most devastating presenting manifestation) Dyspnea (the most common presenting[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    The following are the symptoms with which a patient may present: fatigue, orthopnea, dyspnea on exertion, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, increasing edema, weight gain, or an[symptoma.com] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical exam: A thorough physical exam will be done to evaluate for signs of a cardiac problem.[cincinnatichildrens.org]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary congestion reduces when the patient is in erect position, it results in improvement in symptoms. [1],[2],[5] Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea[explainmedicine.com] There were no other associated symptoms. At no time did the patient have clinical signs or symptoms of angina or cardiac failure.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] Signs and symptoms of ischemic cardiomyopathy include sudden fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, and palpitations.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Furthermore, some will have paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea and episodic coughs that produce frothy sputum.[symptoma.com] Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] biomarker elevation suggestive of myopericarditis; or when a patient presents with clinical signs and symptoms of an acute MI and a normal coronary angiogram.[clevelandclinicmeded.com]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    nocturnal dyspnea, and edema.[aafp.org] The patient may not exhibit any signs and symptoms in the early stages of cardiomyopathy.[fortherecordmag.com] […] atrial fibrillation (Paf)発作性心房細動 paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea発作性夜間呼吸困難 paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia(PSVT)発作性上室性頻拍 paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (PVT)発作性心室頻拍[tokyo-med.ac.jp]

  • Myocardial Fibrosis

    Additionally, fatigue, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, and orthopnea may be present. Thromboembolic complications may occur in EMF.[emedicine.medscape.com] Signs and Symptoms of ARVD Symptoms Abdominal pain Decreased exercise tolerance Dizziness Dyspnea (especially with exertion) Fatigue Mental confusion Palpitations Syncope[af-ablation.org] […] atrial fibrillation (Paf)発作性心房細動 paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea発作性夜間呼吸困難 paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia(PSVT)発作性上室性頻拍 paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia (PVT)発作性心室頻拍[tokyo-med.ac.jp]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The other lesson from this case is that patients presenting with severe clinical symptoms, important ECG signs and high myocardial enzyme levels should be closely monitored[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] As soon as the heart is identified as the source of symptoms, cardiac enzymes: troponin I, troponin T, and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) must be evaluated to exclude myocardial[symptoma.com]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    In patients presenting with prominent cardiac symptoms and signs, the diagnosis can be confirmed by a biopsy (small specimen of the heart) taken from the right ventricle.[myheart.org.uk] symptoms of myocardial infarction or cardiac failure, including chest pain and cardiac arrhythmias Diagnosis Endomyocardial biopsy is the gold standard to diagnose myocarditis[pathologyoutlines.com] Some patients also experience cardiac signs that vary in severity from chest pain and arrhythmias to heart failure or sudden cardiac death.[amboss.com]