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158 Possible Causes for Cardiac Signs and Symptoms, S3 Gallop

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    This is a rare occurrence, especially in patients that do not exhibit any signs and symptoms of acute cardiac decompensation.[] […] criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema · S3[] […] a constellation of clinical symptoms (dyspnea and fatigue) and signs (edema and rales) that lead to frequent hospitalizations, a poor quality of life, and a shortened life[]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    gallop is common in children but signifies decompensated CHF in adults; S4 is frequently heard Jugular venous pulse revealing a prominent a wave Double carotid arterial pulse[] Like HCM, it can cause sudden cardiac arrest in young athletes. What are the signs and symptoms? Some people who have cardiomyopathy never have signs or symptoms.[] Other possible physical findings include an S3 gallop and a systolic murmur of mitral regurgitation if the valve annulus is dilated.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    An third heart sound (S3) gallop is frequently present.[] However, if a patient has equivocal symptoms and signs combined with a modest elevation in NT-proBNP, it is most likely to represent cardiac dysfunction.[] Acute HF is defined as the rapid onset of signs and symptoms secondary to abnormal cardiac function.[]

  • Acute Myocardial Infarction

    In this situation, there may be concurrent jugular venous distension peripheral edema and a S3 gallop. Diaphoresis can be common in AMI.[] Documentation Suggestions Describe clinical signs and symptoms (e.g., crescendo angina, fourth heart sound, left ventricular failure, pain radiating to left arm, etc.).[] Class I: No evidence of HF (mortality 6%) Class II: Findings of mild to moderate HF (S3 gallop, rales halfway up lung fields or elevated jugular venous pressure (mortality[]

  • Left Cardiac Ventricle Disorder

    This syndrome is characterized by symptoms and signs of pulmonary or systemic congestion (fluid retention) or limited cardiac output.[] We will consider any remaining symptoms, signs, and laboratory findings indicative of cardiac dysfunction in deciding whether medical improvement (as defined in § 416.994a[] To establish that you have chronic heart failure, we require that your medical history and physical examination describe characteristic symptoms and signs of pulmonary or[]

  • High Output Heart Failure

    Physical examination reveals an S3 gallop, hepatomegaly, warm skin and a continuous bruit over the right upper thigh.[] High output heart failure is a poorly understood condition characterized by signs and symptoms of heart failure and a resting cardiac index above 4 l/min x m2.[] [S3] Bilateral Crepitations Cardiomegaly on CXR Cachexia [dec. appetite, weight loss, lethargy, muscle atrophy] Hepatic Tenderness Dyspnea due to pulmonary edema and respiratory[]

  • Pulmonary Embolism

    Syncope and altered mental status, which suggest a compromised cardiac output, are additional signs of a pulmonary embolism [1].[] Patients with DVT are at risk of PE, a life-threatening event Diagnosis Signs and symptoms PE is a potentially life-threatening condition, and in severe cases the occurrence[] […] and symptoms suggesting thrombophlebitis - 32% Lower extremity edema - 24% Cardiac murmur - 23% Cyanosis - 19% The PIOPED study reported the following incidence of common[]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    He was tachycardic, with an S3/S4 gallop rhythm. There were moist rales in the lung fields and chest wall retraction. The abdominal exam revealed hepatomegaly.[] cardiac arrest.[] Physical exam: A thorough physical exam will be done to evaluate for signs of a cardiac problem.[]

  • Thyrotoxic Heart Disease

    […] hahrt di-zēz ) Cardiac symptoms, signs, and physiologic impairment due to overactivity of the thyroid gland usually due to excessive sympathetic stimulation. thyrotoxic marked[] […] or S4 gallop, and crepitations were recruited to the study which lasted from June 1999 to May 2002.[] symptoms, in addition to routine tests for microbiology, inflammatory and oncologic markers and autoimmunity.[]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Myocarditis is inflammation of the cardiac muscle. The symptoms, signs and basic investigation findings can mimic that of myocardial infarction.[] The physical examination is perhaps even more important, which can reveal tachycardia, cardiac murmurs (soft S1 sound, S3 or S4 gallop, as well as sounds pointing toward insufficiency[] The other lesson from this case is that patients presenting with severe clinical symptoms, important ECG signs and high myocardial enzyme levels should be closely monitored[]

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