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31 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Autopsy showed mild cardiomegaly with microscopic foci of myocardial fibrosis and extensive contraction band necrosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After 2 months of CHM treatment, the follow-up chest X-ray showed great improvements in pulmonary edema and cardiomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Major criteria: · Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea · Neck vein distention · Rales · Radiographic cardiomegaly (increasing heart size on chest radiography) · Acute pulmonary edema[web.archive.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Electrocardiogram showed right axis deviation, poor R-wave progression, and diffuse ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads, and cardiomegaly was observed by roentgenogram[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In very few people with cardiomegaly and severe congestive heart failure, a heart transplant may be recommended.[m.webmd.com] Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[merckmanuals.com]

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis

    In the latter case, it may show cardiomegaly, edema, and other findings suggestive of congestive heart failure.[symptoma.com] The medical term for this condition is cardiomegaly, although most patients will hear that their hearts are enlarged or dilated.[heart-valve-surgery.com] However, late in the disease, the chest radiograph may reveal valvular calcifications (if valvular aortic stenosis) and/or cardiomegaly with features of heart failure , such[radiopaedia.org]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly; electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiomegaly with marked biventricular dilation and fibrosis were noticeable histopathological findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Investigations Investigations may include the following: CXR: cardiomegaly, pulmonary oedema.[patient.info]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[merckmanuals.com] Related: Enlarged heart (cardiomegaly): Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment Silent heart attack (silent ischemia): Symptoms, causes, and treatments [adstoappear][belmarrahealth.com] Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology Systolic dysfunction Diastolic dysfunction outflow obstruction Diastolic dysfunction Clinical findings LV and RV failure, sudden death, Cardiomegaly[merckmanuals.com]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[msdmanuals.com] Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology Systolic dysfunction Diastolic dysfunction outflow obstruction Diastolic dysfunction Clinical findings LV and RV failure, sudden death, Cardiomegaly[msdmanuals.com] […] ventricle, high, normal or low EF mitral systolic anterior motion asymmetric hypertrophy LV gradient Increased wall thickness cavity obliteration LV diastolic dysfunction X-ray Cardiomegaly[msdmanuals.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Key features of alcoholic cardiomyopathy are cardiac hypertrophy and ventricular dilatation, and the disease is manifested mainly as cardiomegaly, congestive heart failure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is characterized by cardiomegaly, disruptions of myofibrillary architecture, reduced myocardial contractility, decreased ejection fraction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blood tests will show signs of liver injury and confirm alcohol abuse, while chest X-ray shows pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly and pleural effusions.[radcliffecardiology.com]

  • Rheumatic Fever

    Chest X-ray: Chest X-ray will either be normal or will show signs of cardiomegaly, pulmonary edema and/or increased pulmonary vascularity.[symptoma.com] A 7-y-old girl presented with prolonged fever, arrhythmia and cardiomegaly during the treatment course of group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngitis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cardiomegaly is the most common radiological abnormality and ECG changes may show heart block but echocardiography is the most sensitive and shows pancarditis.[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu]

  • Cardiomegaly

    Cardiomegaly is of two types: Dilative cardiomegaly: The enlargement of the heart results from the dilation of the myocardium.[symptoma.com] There are two main types of cardiomegaly: Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common type of cardiomegaly.[en.wikipedia.org] However, "cardiomegaly" is a descriptive term, devoid of any aetiological meaning.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Postpartum investigations revealed pathological cardiomegaly with left ventricular failure (NYHAIV). Cardiac biopsy diagnosed postpartum dilatative cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest plain film showed acute pulmonary edema, bilateral pulmonary infiltration with interstitial patches, and cardiomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Demarkis et al in 1971 described 27 patients who presented during pueperium with cardiomegaly, abnormal electrocardiographic findings, congestive heart failure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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