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14 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly, Increased Area of Cardiac Dullness, Non Specific ST-T Changes

  • Cardiomyopathy

    In very few people with cardiomegaly and severe congestive heart failure, a heart transplant may be recommended.[m.webmd.com] Electrocardiogram showed right axis deviation, poor R-wave progression, and diffuse ST-segment elevation in the anterior leads, and cardiomegaly was observed by roentgenogram[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[merckmanuals.com]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomegaly with marked biventricular dilation and fibrosis were noticeable histopathological findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Electrocardiogram revealed sinus tachycardia and non-specific ST-T changes in the lateral leads.[doi.org] Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly; electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[merckmanuals.com] Related: Enlarged heart (cardiomegaly): Causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment Silent heart attack (silent ischemia): Symptoms, causes, and treatments [adstoappear][belmarrahealth.com] Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology Systolic dysfunction Diastolic dysfunction outflow obstruction Diastolic dysfunction Clinical findings LV and RV failure, sudden death, Cardiomegaly[merckmanuals.com]

  • Primary Cardiomyopathy

    Pulmonary venous congestion No cardiomegaly No or mild cardiomegaly Hemodynamics Normal or high EDP, low EF, diffusely dilated hypokinetic ventricles AV valve regurgitation[msdmanuals.com] […] cardiac muscle ( myocardium)心筋 cardiac output 心拍出量 cardiac rupture心[臓]破裂 cardiac silhouette心陰影 cardiac standstill心静止 cardiac tamponade 心タンポナーデ cardiogenic shock 心原性ショック cardiomegaly[tokyo-med.ac.jp] Restrictive Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology Systolic dysfunction Diastolic dysfunction outflow obstruction Diastolic dysfunction Clinical findings LV and RV failure, sudden death, Cardiomegaly[msdmanuals.com]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Key features of alcoholic cardiomyopathy are cardiac hypertrophy and ventricular dilatation, and the disease is manifested mainly as cardiomegaly, congestive heart failure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is characterized by cardiomegaly, disruptions of myofibrillary architecture, reduced myocardial contractility, decreased ejection fraction[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Blood tests will show signs of liver injury and confirm alcohol abuse, while chest X-ray shows pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly and pleural effusions.[radcliffecardiology.com]

  • Peripartum Cardiomyopathy

    Postpartum investigations revealed pathological cardiomegaly with left ventricular failure (NYHAIV). Cardiac biopsy diagnosed postpartum dilatative cardiomyopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest plain film showed acute pulmonary edema, bilateral pulmonary infiltration with interstitial patches, and cardiomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: Demarkis et al in 1971 described 27 patients who presented during pueperium with cardiomegaly, abnormal electrocardiographic findings, congestive heart failure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pericardial Effusion

    The two patients, 13- and 14-year-old boys, developed cardiomegaly and chest pain with vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Considerable amounts of pericardial fluid may muffle heart sounds, increase the area of cardiac dullness, and change the size and shape of the cardiac silhouette.[merckmanuals.com] Conclusions Among patients with cardiac tamponade, a minority will not have dyspnea, tachycardia, elevated jugular venous pressure, or cardiomegaly on chest radiograph.[jamanetwork.com]

  • Suppurative Pericarditis

    Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly. He required mechanical ventilation, volume resuscitation and vasoactive drugs.[researchers.unab.cl] Patients with large pericardial effusions have an area of increased dullness at the base of the heart in addition to generalized enlargement of the area of cardiac dullness[tele.med.ru] ST-T changes in association with pericardial effusion Renal failure associated with severe kidney infection Autoimmune disease Medication When You Suffer Pericarditis During[pericarditispain.info]

  • Toxic Myocarditis

    CXR: Normal cardiac silhouette but pericarditis or overt clinical congestive heart failure is associated with cardiomegaly. Vascular redistribution.[patient.info] Kussmaul's sign A paradoxical increase in venous distention and pressure during inspiration. Finding associated with cardiac tamponade.[atsu.edu] The most common abnormality seen in myocarditis is sinus tachycardia with non-specific ST segment and T wave changes.[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Malignant Pericardial Effusion

    An anteroposterior chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly (Panel A).[nejm.org] Panel A: Cardiomegaly with water bottle shape shown before procedure. Panel B: resolution after drainage of 1.8 L of pericardial fluid. Figure 3.[swjpcc.com] […] recurrent and symptomatic (e.g. malignancy) then pericardial fenestration can be performed. hemopericardium : has higher attenuation on CT and often a different clinical context cardiomegaly[radiopaedia.org]

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