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10 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly, Malar Flush, Mitral Valve Stenosis

  • Heart Failure

    Central cyanosis, icterus, and malar flush may be evident in patients with severe heart failure.[emedicine.medscape.com] Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed. A laboratory analysis revealed anemia with iron deficiency and elevated human parvovirus B19 (B19V) immunoglobulin M.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Charles Bailey, independently reported on a daring procedure to correct mitral stenosis: a condition where the mitral valve (see Hot Science ) is narrowed and won't open properly[pbs.org]

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    Clinical examination classically reveals a malar flush ('mitral facies') due to cutaneous vasoconstriction, and a mid-diastolic murmur that is heard on praecordial auscultation[radiopaedia.org] Eventually, the RV fails, which manifests as hepatomegaly and/or ascites, edema of the extremities, and cardiomegaly on radiography.[emedicine.com] We report a case of papillary fibroelastoma of the mitral valve with rheumatic mitral valve stenosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Mitral Valve Atresia

    Clinical examination classically reveals a malar flush ('mitral facies') due to cutaneous vasoconstriction, and a mid-diastolic murmur that is heard on praecordial auscultation[radiopaedia.org] Thoracic radiography shows cardiomegaly and increased pulmonary vascular markings, but echocardiography helps to achieve the final diagnosis.[symptoma.com] Overview Mitral valve stenosis — or mitral stenosis — is a narrowing of the heart's mitral valve.[mayoclinic.org]

  • Congenital Mitral Stenosis

    Clinical examination classically reveals a malar flush ('mitral facies') due to cutaneous vasoconstriction, and a mid-diastolic murmur that is heard on praecordial auscultation[radiopaedia.org] CXR: Moderate to severe stenosis is manifested by mild cardiomegaly with pulmonary venous congestion and left atrial enlargement.[bcm.edu] Marx Michele Borisuk Sitram Emani Pedro J. del Nido Article First Online: 17 April 2015 Abstract The spectrum of congenital mitral valve stenosis (MS) consists of a complex[link.springer.com]

  • Rheumatic Aortic Valve Obstruction

    flush, pinched and blue facies Pulse: normal/small amplitude, AF JVP: NAD Cardiac impulses: tapping impulse at apex, diastolic thrill at apex frequent Auscultation: loud[aic.cuhk.edu.hk] However, late in the disease, the chest radiograph may reveal valvular calcifications (if valvular aortic stenosis) and/or cardiomegaly with features of heart failure , such[radiopaedia.org] Mitral valve stenosis, also known as mitral stenosis, occurs when the mitral valve opening is narrowed. This means that not enough blood can flow through it.[healthline.com]

  • Pulsus Alternans

    flush (red cheeks, seen in patients with mitral stenosis ) Swollen face Eyes Signs of dyslipidemia ( xanthelasmas , arcus lipoides corneae ) Signs of hypertensive retinopathy[amboss.com] McLaughlin, M.D. 5 Citing Articles Figure 1 A 51-year-old woman presented with dyspnea on exertion and cardiomegaly.[nejm.org] Pulsus alternans occurs in aortic and mitral valve stenosis, hypertrophic and congestive cardiomyopathy, effusive pericarditis, and instances in which general anesthesia is[medigoo.com]

  • Acyanotic Congenital Heart Disease

    BP 78/40, raised JVP. reduced ECG voltage, muffled heart sounds. mitral stenosis MS, is almost always due to what clinical presentation & examination of MS malar flush, fatigue[cram.com] In infancy: RVH or RBBB In older children: LVH Marked cardiomegaly and pulmonary venous congestion.[unboundmedicine.com] Mitral stenosis is a heart condition which consists of thickening of the mitral valve.[pinterest.es]

  • Cyanosis

    It is usually most marked in the lips, nail beds, ears, and malar eminences.[medenosrce.net] A chest X-ray demonstrated cardiomegaly without obvious pulmonary oedema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Management• Baby was ventilated after 2hrs in view of severe hypoxia and features of respiratory failure• Hb – 24gm%, PCV – 71%• Chest X-ray- lungs fields normal , Mild cardiomegaly[slideshare.net]

  • S3 Gallop

    flush (red cheeks, seen in patients with mitral stenosis ) Swollen face Eyes Signs of dyslipidemia ( xanthelasmas , arcus lipoides corneae ) Signs of hypertensive retinopathy[amboss.com] Pleural effusion Echo/Cardiac Cath Cardiomegaly Reduced systolic function High diastolic pressure Low cardiac output Treatment Lower blood pressure ACE inhibitors Diuretics[physicianassistantexamreview.com] Fibrosis and calcification of the mitral valve may reduce S1, while stenosis of the mitral valve may cause a louder S1.[allnurses.com]

  • Carcinoid Tumor

    As the disease progresses, the episodes of flushing may last more than 30 minutes.[healio.com] Post-operatively, a computed tomography (CT) scan showed cardiomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] and more rarely the mitral valve in cases with left sided involvement.[doi.org]

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