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750 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly, Pericardial Effusion

  • Rheumatic Fever

    Chest X-ray: Chest X-ray will either be normal or will show signs of cardiomegaly, pulmonary edema and/or increased pulmonary vascularity.[] However, serous pericardial effusion contained high levels of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA. Clonally proliferating EBV T cells were determined in the circulation.[] effusion, but an isolated pericardial effusion in the absence of valvular regurgitation is unlikely to be due to RF.[]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Plain radiograph pericardial calcification pulmonary oedema pulmonary ossification : due to mitral valve disease 4 cardiomegaly global cardiomegaly from a dilated cardiomyopathy[] effusion that resulted in cardiac tamponade with isolated left ventricular collapse.[] Oral prednisone is useful in patients with severe form of carditis, characterized by cardiomegaly and congestive heart failure.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Autopsy showed mild cardiomegaly with microscopic foci of myocardial fibrosis and extensive contraction band necrosis.[] effusion, arrhythmia (including tachycardia), palpitations Uncommon: myocardial infarction, pericarditis, ventricular arrhythmia (including ventricular tachycardia), angina[] After 2 months of CHM treatment, the follow-up chest X-ray showed great improvements in pulmonary edema and cardiomegaly.[]

  • Cardiac Metastasis

    The chest roentgenogram showed a massive right pleural effusion with apparent cardiomegaly.[] Transthoracic echocardiography revealed massive localized pericardial effusion with the collapse of both ventricles and the mass-like echo in the left atrium.[] A chest X-ray posteroanterior view showed right-sided pleural effusion and cardiomegaly [Figure 1] .[]

  • Myxedema

    Cardiomegaly is common, and is thought to be due to either pericardial effusion or underlying heart disease and not to ventricular dilation induced by hypothyroidism.[] Hypothyroidism is also associated with pericardial effusion with rare progression to tamponade.[] If cardiomegaly is present, an echocardiogram should be obtained to rule out a pericardial effusion.[]

  • Heart Failure

    Pleural effusion and cardiomegaly were observed. A laboratory analysis revealed anemia with iron deficiency and elevated human parvovirus B19 (B19V) immunoglobulin M.[] Heart failure was evident on chest X-ray and 2D-echocardiogram showed global left ventricular hypokinesia with 40% ejection fraction and a thin layer of pericardial effusion[] (pericardial effusion) and stiffness (constrictive pericarditis).[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    There is a large cardiac silhouette, which could be the result of cardiomegaly.[] Chest x-ray did not show additional changes besides those previously known such as cardiomegaly. Electrocardiogram showed atrial fibrillation with a normal heart rate.[] […] of pulmonary oedema which includes 1,2,4-8 : central pulmonary venous congestion cephalisation of pulmonary veins pulmonary interstitial oedema pulmonary alveolar oedema cardiomegaly[]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly; electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy.[] Hypothyroidism may cause several cardiac manifestations including conduction abnormalities, pericardial effusion, decreased myocardial contractility and accelerated coronary[] Cardiomegaly with marked biventricular dilation and fibrosis were noticeable histopathological findings.[]

  • Mesalazine

    His chest radiography and chest computed tomography showed cardiomegaly and left pleural effusion, while an echocardiogram revealed pericardial effusion.[] An adult male patient was admitted for a pericardial effusion occurring during a longstanding mesalazine treatment for Crohn's disease.[] A uniparous woman was referred at 31 weeks of gestation due to a hydropic fetus with massive ascites and cardiomegaly.[]

  • Lymphocytic Myocarditis

    Cardiomegaly with biatrial enlargement. Abnormal hyperintense signals involving the myocardium on T2 DIR, as compared to the skeletal muscle, the ratio is 3:1 .[] (A-C) These images show pericardial effusion of 1.2 cm.[] […] hypertrophic cardiomyopathy male patients 20-50 years old what gross and histological changes are seen in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Gross: Lack of LV compliance, LA dilation, cardiomegaly[]

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