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119 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly, Thickening of the Mitral Valve Leaflets

  • Mitral Valve Stenosis

    Eventually, the RV fails, which manifests as hepatomegaly and/or ascites, edema of the extremities, and cardiomegaly on radiography.[] Mitral stenosis is characterized by thickening and immobility of the mitral valve leaflets.[] […] cases · Acute rheumatic fever (ARF) pancarditis o Mitral valve most commonly involved valve o Followed by mitral and aortic together o Then by aortic alone · Acute phase cardiomegaly[]

  • Mucopolysaccharidosis

    Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A: OMIM 253000) is a lysosomal storage disease with an autosomal recessive trait caused by the deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to accumulation of specific glycosaminoglycans (GAGs): chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S) and[…][]

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

    Plain radiograph pericardial calcification pulmonary edema pulmonary ossification : due to mitral valve disease 4 cardiomegaly global cardiomegaly from a dilated cardiomyopathy[] Echocardiography evaluation showed thickened aortic and mitral valve leaflets with mild to moderate degree of mitral regurgitation.[] Oral prednisone is useful in patients with severe form of carditis, characterized by cardiomegaly and congestive heart failure.[]

  • Hypertensive Heart Disease

    […] malignant hypertensive heart disease malignant hypertensive heart disease (disorder) malignant hypertensive heart disease NOS (disorder) hypertensive cardiopathy hypertensive cardiomegaly[] Calcific deposition on base posterior mitral valve leaflet Thrombi on ATRIAL surface or ATRIAL wall fibrous thickening at leaflet friction areas (and at mural endocardium[] These cases are regarded as evidence in favour of the hypothesis that many cases of cryptogenic heart disease (cardiomyopathy, congestive cardiomyopathy, idiopathic cardiomegaly[]

  • Lymphocytic Myocarditis

    Cardiomegaly with biatrial enlargement. Abnormal hyperintense signals involving the myocardium on T2 DIR, as compared to the skeletal muscle, the ratio is 3:1.[] valve 2) thickening of anterior mitral valve leaflet what is the etiology of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy sarcomeric mutations in structural proteins leads to myofiber disarray[] […] hypertrophic cardiomyopathy male patients 20-50 years old what gross and histological changes are seen in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy Gross: Lack of LV compliance, LA dilation, cardiomegaly[]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Cardiomegaly with marked biventricular dilation and fibrosis were noticeable histopathological findings.[] Persistent mitral regurgitation leads to thickening of the mitral valve leaflets, and, at times, it is difficult to distinguish this thickening from other causes of mitral[] Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly; electrocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy and echocardiography revealed dilated cardiomyopathy.[]

  • Lutembacher Syndrome

    Chest radiography (cardiomegaly, pulmonary congestion) and ECG (Atrial fibrillation, bundle branch block, and right ventricular hypertrophy) may be seen ( 10 ).[] Note the thickened, narrowed, and calcified mitral valve apparatus and doming of the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve.[] Chest X-ray showed gross cardiomegaly with pulmonary plethora [Figure 1].[]

  • Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    […] of an anomalous papillary muscle [arrow] onto the ventricular surface of the anterior mitral leaflet).[] The mitral valve leaflets often appear enlarged relative to the cavity of the left ventricle.[] Hemodynamic investigation had confirmed the presence of subaortic obstruction, as well as mitral regurgitation that was partially due to an abnormal mitral valve (insertion[]

  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency

    […] rumble at the apex Bisferien's pulse (widely notched arterial pulse, sometimes palpable) Electrocardiogram Left ventricular hypertrophy Left atrial enlargement Chest X-ray Cardiomegaly[] leaflets and in the mitral subvalvular apparatus, causing thickening, retraction, and stiffening of valves and resulting in incomplete leaflet coaptation and valve regurgitation[] Chest x-ray revealed cardiomegaly to left and inferior and an electrocardiogram indicated left ventricular hypertrophy.[]

  • Primary Cardiac Sarcoma

    A contrast CT revealed cardiomegaly and a filling defect in the left atrium extending through the left ventricle.[] CT also revealed diffuse thickening of the LA wall around the mass and the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve.[] Chest radiograph demonstrated cardiomegaly and small bilateral pleural effusions.[]

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