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45 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly on Chest X-ray, Edema, Pulsus Alternans

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Chest X-ray revealed cardiomegaly, and echocardiogram showed dilated left ventricular (LV) cavity and diffuse hypokinesis with extremely decreased ejection fraction (EF).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Peripheral edema: Edema develops in the feet in ambulatory patients and sacral edema in bed bound patients.[symptoma.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info]

  • Heart Failure

    edema in patients who in fact have cardiogenic edema.[emedicine.com] alternans (alternating large and small pulse pressures) and a raised JVP.[patient.info] Testing may include a chest x-ray to look for cardiomegaly (an enlarged heart), pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), or pleural effusion (collection of fluid around the lungs[jama.ama-assn.org]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    x-ray Cardiomegaly left-sided hypertrophy with a balloon appearance Signs of heart failure decompensation: pulmonary edema Endomyocardial biopsy (see pathology) Pathology[amboss.com] DIAGNOSIS: The chest x-ray revealed pulmonary edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chest x-ray showed moderate cardiomegaly and bibasilar interstitial infiltrate. Electrocardiography (ECG) registered sinus tachycardia.[scielo.mec.pt]

  • Dilated Cardiomyopathy

    Other findings which are of importance include: cyanosis, clubbing, jugular venous distension, pulmonary edema, S 3 gallop, enlarged liver and peripheral edema.[symptoma.com] Pulsus alternans is an infrequent, complex pathophysiologic sign often associated with severe heart failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] on chest X-ray ( Figure 1 B).[revportcardiol.org]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Pulmonary edema from different causes can either present acutely or chronically.[symptoma.com] (FPE), is rapid onset pulmonary edema.[en.wikipedia.org] Heart-related (cardiogenic) pulmonary edema Cardiogenic pulmonary edema is a type of pulmonary edema caused by increased pressures in the heart.[mayoclinic.org]

  • Acute Myocarditis

    Diagnostic Modalities The chest x-ray typically demonstrates cardiomegaly and increased pulmonary vascular markings, indicating pulmonary oedema.[jpma.org.pk] Among many cardiac imaging techniques, only cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computer tomography permit a direct detection of edema during acute myocarditis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic value of T2-mapping in acute myocarditis (ACM) and to define cut-off values for edema detection[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

    Chest X-ray Chest X-ray is useful in detecting cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion as part of the initial diagnosis of CHF; however, it should be evaluated in consonance[symptoma.com] […] in the lower extremities Rapid weight gain A common symptom of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy is edema in the lower extremities.[study.com] Signs include congestive heart failure, angina edema, weight gain and fainting, among others.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy

    Blood tests will show signs of liver injury and confirm alcohol abuse, while chest X-ray shows pulmonary congestion, cardiomegaly and pleural effusions.[radcliffecardiology.com] We describe a patient with pancytopenia, jaundice, and diffuse edema after a distal splenorenal shunt. His shunt was angiographically proved patent.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Leg elevation promptly reversed the pulsus alternans, and the echocardiographic abnormality.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypersensitivity Myocarditis

    […] on chest x-ray." 20 Diagnostic Evaluation Electrocardiogram (ECG).[ahcmedia.com] Luke's Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Luke’s Medical Center with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and dependent edema.[amphetamines.com]

  • Bacterial Myocarditis

    It can aid in the assessment of necrotic or fibrotic changes, pericardial effusion, edema or functional irregularities.In symptomatic patients, myocarditis is suspected in[symptoma.com] Chest x-ray may reveal cardiomegaly with or without pulmonary congestion.[inmo.ie] Uremia : Fatty degeneration and edema of the myocardium due to uremic intoxication.[histopathology-india.net]

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