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108 Possible Causes for Cardiomegaly on Chest X-ray, Lip Cyanosis

  • Endocardial Cushion Defect

    X-ray Cardiomegaly with increased pulmonary vascular markings Treatment Close the atrial and/or ventricular septal defects with patch material and repair the atrioventricular[] Symptoms [ edit ] Symptoms include difficulty breathing ( dyspnoea ) and bluish discoloration on skin and lips ( cyanosis ).[] (the lips may also be blue) Feeding difficulties Failure to gain weight and grow Frequent pneumonia or infections Pale skin (pallor) Rapid breathing Rapid heartbeat Sweating[]

  • Ebstein Malformation

    Shown below is the chest x-ray of a patient with Ebstein's anomaly which demonstrates cardiomegaly : Management Patients are treated depending on their presentation – asymptomatic[] This causes a bluish discoloration of the lips and skin (cyanosis). Abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias).[] […] on chest X-ray ( Figure 4 ).[]

  • Common Ventricle

    ( cyanosis ) due to low oxygen in the blood Failure to gain weight and grow Pale skin (pallor) Poor feeding from becoming tired easily Sweating Swollen legs or abdomen Trouble[] […] have other heart problems, such as: Coarctation of the aorta Pulmonary atresia Pulmonary valve stenosis Symptoms Symptoms of DILV may include: Bluish color to the skin and lips[] […] often also have other heart problems, such as: Coarctation of the aorta Pulmonary atresia Pulmonary valve stenosis Symptoms of DILV may include: Bluish color to the skin and lips[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Poor judgement Breathlessness during rest Rapid heart rate (90 to 100 bpm at rest) Blue/grey lips or fingernails (cyanosis) Fever of up to 101.3 F/38.5 C Profuse perspiration[] The heart rate is usually over 120 per minute, the pulse may be very weak and the lips and fingernail beds may be blue (cyanosis).[]

  • Cor Triloculare Biventriculare

    Chest x-ray: Chest x-ray findings are similar to large ASD: with cardiomegaly, enlarged central pulmonary arteries & pulmonary plethora.[] Signs and symptoms of severe defects in newborns include Rapid breathing Cyanosis - a bluish tint to the skin, lips, and fingernails Fatigue Poor blood circulation Many congenital[] He had chest X-ray which showed cardiomegaly with increased pulmonary plethora [Figure 2] ; the full blood count showed evidence of microcytic hypochromic red blood cells-red[]

  • Tetralogy of Fallot

    The chest X-rays on the left posteroanterior and lateral views revealed cardiomegaly and a reduction in the pulmonary flow.[] The most common symptom is a bluish tint to the skin, lips and nail beds, called cyanosis.[] View this video with a transcript The symptoms of tetralogy of Fallot include: Blue or purple tint to lips, skin and nails (cyanosis) Heart murmur: the heart sounds abnormal[]

  • Pericarditis

    Bilateral pleural effusion, patchy infiltration at right middle lung field, and cardiomegaly were noted on chest X-ray (Figure 1A ).[] Chest x-ray (although may have unspecific findings, it is easily accessible with low radiation exposure) findings: Epicardial halo (luscent lines within the cardiopericardial[] […] shadow); Waterbottle silhouette (globular cardiomegaly with sharp margins) in large pericardial effusions.[]

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

    Other symptoms include: Ankle and leg swelling Bluish color of the lips or skin ( cyanosis ) Chest pain or pressure, usually in the front of the chest Dizziness or fainting[] Other common signs and symptoms Fatigue Dizziness Fainting spells (syncope) Swelling in the ankles or legs (edema) Bluish lips and skin (cyanosis) Chest pain Racing pulse[] […] and skin (cyanosis) Racing pulse or heart palpitations Causes Your heart has two upper chambers (atria) and two lower chambers (ventricles).[]

  • Congenital Heart Disease

    […] include: Shortness of breath Problems with exercise The symptoms of congenital heart disease in infants and children may include: A bluish tint to the skin , fingernails, and lips[] (doctors call this cyanosis, a condition caused by a lack of oxygenated blood) Fast breathing and poor feeding Poor weight gain Lung infections An inability to exercise Continued[]

  • Transposition of the Great Vessels

    x-rays, which reveal Cardiomegaly or enlargement of the heart Plethoric lung fields, or prominent blood vessels in the lungs Cardiac MRI How is Transposition of Great Vessels[] As a result, the baby develops a blue color, called cyanosis, shortly after birth. The blue color can best be noticed in the lips or under the fingernails.[] […] heart disease First heart sound- normal Single second heart sound Grade 1-2 ejection systolic murmur in TGA without VSD Grade 2-4 ejection systolic murmur in TGA with VSD Chest[]

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