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480 Possible Causes for Cardiomyopathy, Mitral Valve Prolapse, Progressive Contractures

  • Muscular Dystrophy

    A pilot study was conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of tranilast in muscular dystrophy patients with cardiomyopathy.[] Walking braces for the ankle-foot or the knee-ankle-foot can help support weak muscles and keep the body flexible, slowing progression of contractures. Medications.[] Although dilated cardiomyopathy is a sign of Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy (described above), X-linked dilated cardiomyopathy is typically not associated with weakness[]

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

    Dystrophic degeneration of papillary muscle and ventricular myocardium: a basis for mitral valve prolapse in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy.[] She was treated for peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi), beta-blockers and diuretics with normalisation of her cardiac function[] Surgical Treatment Progressive contractures may be improved with tendon lengthening but recurrence rates may be high.[]

  • Myotonic Dystrophy

    Mitral valve prolapse in 20%. First-degree AV block is common. MD2 also leads to myotonia and muscle dysfunction, but cardiac conduction defects are less common.[] Moreover, morphological and functional changes indicative of subclinical cardiomyopathy have been demonstrated by means of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) and spectroscopy[] Shortening of muscles or tendons around joints (contractures). Contractures can further limit mobility. Breathing problems.[]

  • Disproportionate Short Stature - Ptosis - Valvular Heart Lesions

    TY - JOUR T1 - Familial mitral valve prolapse associated with short stature, characteristic face, and sudden death.[] Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. RAS-MAPK genes.[] […] clavicular acroosteolysis Kyphoscoliosis Ptosis Prominent nose Sparse and thin eyebrow Knee flexion contracture Abnormality of hair texture Decreased body weight Ventricular[]

  • Familial Mitral Valve Prolapse

    Thirteen patients had evidence of neither condition and 1 had mitral valve prolapse alone.[] The presumable defective genes were related to coagulation factor X, familial hypercholesterolemia, mitral valve prolapse, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.[] […] weakness, distal contractures and rigid spine Muscular enolase deficiency Muscular glycogenosis Muscular hypertrophy-hepatomegaly-polyhydramnios syndrome Muscular lipidosis[]

  • Marfan Syndrome

    KEYWORDS: Marfan syndrome; mitral valve prolapse[] We report our use of intraoperative non-invasive cardiac output monitoring during cesarean delivery under epidural anesthesia in a 24-year-old woman with dilated cardiomyopathy[] Contractures usually improve with time. Kyphosis/scoliosis is present in about half of all affected individuals.[]

  • Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy

    valve prolapse Spastic paraplegia 7 SPG7 Pyramidal signs w/spasticity Cerebellar ataxia w/cerebellar atrophy Spastic paraparesis more predominant Optic neuropathy Ptosis[] Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy: humeroperoneal muscular atrophy and weakness, neck and elbow contractures with sinus bradycardia, first-degree atrioventricular block, and dilated cardiomyopathy[] Abstract Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a neuromuscular disorder resulting in progressive muscle weakness, contractures, and cardiomyopathy.[]

  • Mitral Annulus Calcification

    MAC can be seen in association with Marfan syndrome (it is unclear if the mitral annulus calcifies because of increased mitral valve stress caused by mitral valve prolapse[] Systolic anterior motion of the anterior mitral leaflet (SAM) and concomitant left ventricular outflow obstruction (LVOFO) are commonly seen in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy[] Secondary distortion caused by progressive LA & LV dilatation, which restricts posterior leaflet motion, dilates the mitral annulus & aggravates MR.[]

  • Congenital Contractural Arachnodactyly

    There was no linkage of mitral-valve prolapse to the fibrillin gene on chromosome 5; studies of chromosome 15 were not informative.[] This is the first report of CCA with transient cardiomyopathy.[] With time, those affected individuals experience spontaneous improvement of their contractures but the kyphosis, unlike the joint contractures, tends to be progressive.[]

  • Left Ventricular Noncompaction

    He also developed mitral valve prolapse of the posteromedial commissural leaflet due to rupture of chordae tendineae.[] Little is known about pregnancies of left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC), much less cases in which LVNC was definitively diagnosed prepregnancy.[] LGMD2K is characterized by severe proximal muscle weakness with slow progression. Contractures may be present.[]

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