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16 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Digitalis Toxicity, Potassium Decreased

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[myhealth.alberta.ca] Symptoms of Conn’s syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[metrohealth.net]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] […] to the development of digitalis toxicity.[annals.org]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Susceptibility to digitalis toxicity is increased when a patient has hypokalemia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    spasm Ca, Mg Edema Protein Glossitis Vitamins B 2 and B 12, folate, niacin, iron Night blindness Vitamin A Pain in limbs, bones, pathologic fractures K, Mg, Ca, vitamin D[merckmanuals.com] , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[encyclopedia.com] For instance, you may be advised to avoid foods high in fat to decrease diarrhea, and increase foods high in potassium to help balance your electrolytes.[healthline.com]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[quizlet.com] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[nurseslabs.com] Digitalis toxicity is increased in alkalemic patients due to concomitant hypocalcemia and hypokalemia. What other diseases and mixed disorders should I be cognizant of?[renalandurologynews.com]

  • Alkalosis

    spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[lifeinthefastlane.com] The blood levels of potassium and sodium can decrease dramatically, causing symptoms of metabolic alkalosis.[encyclopedia.com] Potassium depletion decreases aldosterone release by the adrenal cortex.[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[icd9data.com] […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[web.archive.org] In patients taking digoxin, the ECG should be monitored as hypocalcemia potentiates digitalis toxicity. Calcium and bicarbonate are not compatible IV admixtures.[enotes.tripod.com]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    A 17-year-old female presented to us with a history of perioral numbness and carpopedal spasms of one week duration followed by progressive weakness of all the four limbs[sjkdt.org] […] supplements decreased the frequency of muscle weakness attacks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Risk of hypokalemia : Hypokalemia increases digitalis toxicity. See: Food high in potassium Other links listed for your convenience: Lab test See Disclaimer[alternativehealing.org]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Hypocalcemia Chief complaints of patients who present with hypocalcemia include carpopedal spasm, neuromuscular excitability and if severe seizures might develop.[cdemcurriculum.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com] Hyperkalemia is also commonly caused by hemolytic anemia (release from hemolysed red blood cells), diabetes insipidus, Addison's disease, and digitalis toxicity.[surgeryencyclopedia.com]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Carpopedal spasms are spasms of the hands, thumbs, feet or toes, and are associated with hypocapnia. They come from long periods of rapid, deep respiration.[medictests.com] Because aldosterone inhibition decreases sodium reabsorption, it also decreases potassium excretion, resulting in higher serum potassium levels.[healio.com] Digitalis Toxicity • Narrow therapeutic to toxic ratio • Non cardiac manifestations Anorexia, Nausea, vomiting, Headache, Xanthopsia sotoma, Disorientation 47.[slideshare.net]

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