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16 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Digitalis Toxicity, Potassium Decreased

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[] Symptoms of Conn’s syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[] […] to the development of digitalis toxicity.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[] Susceptibility to digitalis toxicity is increased when a patient has hypokalemia.[]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    spasm Ca, Mg Edema Protein Glossitis Vitamins B 2 and B 12, folate, niacin, iron Night blindness Vitamin A Pain in limbs, bones, pathologic fractures K, Mg, Ca, vitamin D[] , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[] For instance, you may be advised to avoid foods high in fat to decrease diarrhea, and increase foods high in potassium to help balance your electrolytes.[]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[] Digitalis toxicity is increased in alkalemic patients due to concomitant hypocalcemia and hypokalemia. What other diseases and mixed disorders should I be cognizant of?[]

  • Alkalosis

    spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[] The blood levels of potassium and sodium can decrease dramatically, causing symptoms of metabolic alkalosis.[] Potassium depletion decreases aldosterone release by the adrenal cortex.[]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[] […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[] In patients taking digoxin, the ECG should be monitored as hypocalcemia potentiates digitalis toxicity. Calcium and bicarbonate are not compatible IV admixtures.[]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    A 17-year-old female presented to us with a history of perioral numbness and carpopedal spasms of one week duration followed by progressive weakness of all the four limbs[] […] supplements decreased the frequency of muscle weakness attacks.[] Risk of hypokalemia : Hypokalemia increases digitalis toxicity. See: Food high in potassium Other links listed for your convenience: Lab test See Disclaimer[]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Hypocalcemia Chief complaints of patients who present with hypocalcemia include carpopedal spasm, neuromuscular excitability and if severe seizures might develop.[] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[] Hyperkalemia is also commonly caused by hemolytic anemia (release from hemolysed red blood cells), diabetes insipidus, Addison's disease, and digitalis toxicity.[]

  • Chronic Right-Sided Congestive Heart Failure

    Carpopedal spasms are spasms of the hands, thumbs, feet or toes, and are associated with hypocapnia. They come from long periods of rapid, deep respiration.[] Because aldosterone inhibition decreases sodium reabsorption, it also decreases potassium excretion, resulting in higher serum potassium levels.[] Digitalis Toxicity • Narrow therapeutic to toxic ratio • Non cardiac manifestations Anorexia, Nausea, vomiting, Headache, Xanthopsia sotoma, Disorientation 47.[]

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