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31 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Hyperreninemia, Muscle Weakness

  • Bartter's Disease

    Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[de.slideshare.net] Clinical findings Proximal muscle weakness, failure to thrive, short stature, convulsions, tetany, cramps, ileus, gout, mental retardation, enuresis, nocturia, polyuria, salt[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Saint-Petersburg, Russia Abstract Abstract Bartter syndrome (BS) tubulopathy with autosomal recessive (AR) type of genetic inheritance, manifested hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia[adc.bmj.com]

  • Gitelman Syndrome

    The clinical spectrum is wide and usually characterized by chronic fatigue, cramps, muscle weakness and paresthesiae.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this case we describe a young patient who following a short history of vomiting and abdominal pain developed carpopedal spasm and distal parasthesia on a background of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The main features of this syndrome include normal or low blood pressure, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, and hyperreninemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Conn Syndrome

    Low potassium may cause fatigue, muscle cramps, muscle weakness, numbness, or temporary paralysis.[endocrinediseases.org] When renin increases (due to low blood pressure, decreased blood flow to the kidneys or to a sodium deficiency), aldosterone increases; when renin decreases, aldosterone decreases.In[labtestsonline.org.au] Condition similar to Conn's syndrome may be caused by kidneys that can produce an excessive amount of renin.[health-tutor.com]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    In most patients, the symptom of muscle weakness and polyuria occur early in life, which may be attributed to potassium depletion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[quizlet.com] weakness; myalgia; muscle cramps; tremors in the hands; and twitching muscles.[battlediabetes.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    weakness, depressed central respiratory drive, and resultant alveolar hypoventilation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs include hyperpnea or tachypnea and carpopedal spasms. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurements. Treatment is directed at the cause.[msdmanuals.com] , Cl- expansion Renal loss of H : edematous states (heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome), hyperaldosteronism, hypercortisolism, excess ACTH, exogenous steroids, hyperreninemia[thoracic.org]

  • Gullner Syndrome

    Bartter Syndrome : Characterized by failure to thrive, growth deficiency, dwarfism, muscle weakness and cramps, and hypokalemia as a result of a renal potassium wasting syndrome[accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com] Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[slideshare.net] Gullner HG, Gill JR Jr, Bartter FC, et al: A familial disorder with hypokalemic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, aldosteronism, high urinary prostaglandins and normal pressure that[accessanesthesiology.mhmedical.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    Neurological examination showed a lower extremity muscle weakness with three-fifths muscular strength of the quadriceps and tibialis anterior muscle on both sides.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, dizziness, abdominal pains and constipation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Bartter Syndrome

    Clinical findings Proximal muscle weakness, failure to thrive, short stature, convulsions, tetany, cramps, ileus, gout, mental retardation, enuresis, nocturia, polyuria, salt[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[de.slideshare.net] Gitelman syndrome are characterized by fluid, electrolyte, urinary, and hormonal abnormalities, including renal potassium, sodium, chloride, and hydrogen wasting; hypokalemia; hyperreninemia[msdmanuals.com]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    weakness.[msdmanuals.com] The carpopedal spasm was due to hypocalcemia which was precipitated by the alkali replacement.[jpma.org.pk] Respiratory muscle weakness first manifests as sleep-disordered breathing (SDB).[clinicaltrials.gov]

  • Alkalosis

    Clinical features include transient periods of muscle weakness and tetany, abdominal pains, and chondrocalcinosis. [ 8 ] Other features include: Short stature.[patient.info] spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[lifeinthefastlane.com] weakness; myalgia; muscle cramps; tremors in the hands; and twitching muscles.[battlediabetes.com]

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