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75 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Hypocalcemia, Potassium Decreased

  • Bartter's Disease

    Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[de.slideshare.net] Five weeks after birth, his sodium chloride loss turned into renal potassium loss, along with a marked decrease in urine output.[link.springer.com] Amikacin-induced type 5 Bartter-like syndrome with severe hypocalcemia. J Postgrad Med 2009;55:208-10. [ PUBMED ] 3. Hung CC, Guh JY, Kuo MC, Lai YH, Chen HC.[indianjnephrol.org]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] Because their serum calcium levels were low at the early stage, the diagnosis of late-onset neonatal hypocalcemia was mistakenly made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperventilation

    In extreme cases it may cause carpopedal spasms, a flapping and contraction of the hands and feet.Factors that may induce or sustain hyperventilation include: physiological[en.wikipedia.org] This leads to increased plasma protein binding of the serum potassium and a decrease of the physiologically active ionized calcium.[flexikon.doccheck.com] In extreme cases it may cause carpopedal spasms, a flapping and contraction of the hands and feet. [3] [4] Factors that may induce or sustain [2] hyperventilation include:[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[quizlet.com] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[nurseslabs.com] Both groups had no significant differences in filter life, metabolic alkalosis, hypernatremia, hypocalcemia, and hypercalcemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[icd9data.com] […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[web.archive.org] Hypocalcemia can therefore by caused by abnormalities in either the parathyroid gland or the kidneys.[symptoma.com]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    spasm Ca, Mg Edema Protein Glossitis Vitamins B 2 and B 12, folate, niacin, iron Night blindness Vitamin A Pain in limbs, bones, pathologic fractures K, Mg, Ca, vitamin D[merckmanuals.com] , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[encyclopedia.com] Hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, increased alkaline phosphatase - Vitamin D malabsorption 5. Stool examination for fat, ova or cysts. Special Tests: A.[histopathology-india.net]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The carpopedal spasm was due to hypocalcemia which was precipitated by the alkali replacement.[jpma.org.pk] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com] Although renal calcium crystal deposits (nephrocalcinosis) may occur in acute phosphate poisoning as well as type 1 renal tubular acidosis (RTA), hyperphosphatemic hypocalcemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Signs include hyperpnea or tachypnea and carpopedal spasms. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurements. Treatment is directed at the cause.[msdmanuals.com] According to classical data, serum potassium decreases during the acute respiratory alkalosis.[alpfmedical.info] spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia hypocalcemia[quizlet.com] […] ducts of nephron sodium and water retention, potassium retention blood pressure Clinical features Hypertension, proximal muscle weakness, headache, polyuria, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[amboss.com] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com] Normal anion gap metabolic acidosis/acidemia Hypokalemia, Hypocalcemia, Hyperchloremia Urinary stone formation (related to alkaline urine, hypercalciuria, and low urinary[en.wikipedia.org]

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