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18 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Hypocapnia, Potassium Decreased

  • Hyperventilation

    In extreme cases it may cause carpopedal spasms, a flapping and contraction of the hands and feet.Factors that may induce or sustain hyperventilation include: physiological[en.wikipedia.org] This leads to increased plasma protein binding of the serum potassium and a decrease of the physiologically active ionized calcium.[flexikon.doccheck.com] In this case, we found capnography to be a very useful aid to monitor respiration in this patient and also to treat the hypocapnia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acute Hyperventilation

    spasm.[emedicine.medscape.com] This leads to increased plasma protein binding of the serum potassium and a decrease of the physiologically active ionized calcium.[flexikon.doccheck.com] Abstract Acute hypocapnia decreases CBF, increases hemoglobin affinity for oxygen and causes cerebral tissue hypoxia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Signs include hyperpnea or tachypnea and carpopedal spasms. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurements. Treatment is directed at the cause.[msdmanuals.com] According to classical data, serum potassium decreases during the acute respiratory alkalosis.[alpfmedical.info] In both groups clear conditioning occurred, but there was no effect of hypocapnia. Results are critically discussed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hypoalbuminemia 低アルブミン血症 hypoaldosteronism 低アルドステロン症/低アルドステロン hypoallergenic product 低アレルギー製品 hypocalcemia 低カルシウム血症/低カルシウム血 hypocalciuric hypercalcemia 低カルシウム尿性高カルシウム血症 hypocapnia[jpeds.or.jp]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    Paresthesias, tremor, carpopedal spasm, agitation, seizures, and cardiac dysrhythmias all are reported symptoms.[aafp.org] Blood sugar will also decrease. Fluids and potassium will be given through a vein ( intravenously ). This must be done carefully.[medlineplus.gov] […] play a part in the development of cerebral edema, recent data suggest that cerebral edema in children with DKA is related to brain ischemia. 42 In children with DKA, both hypocapnia[spectrum.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    spasm, Chvostek sign, Trusseau sign Nausea and/or vomiting Muscular cramps (back and lower limbs) Abdominal pain Wheezing (from bronchospasm) Constipation Dysphagia Bone[omicsonline.org] […] severe acute hypocalcaemia Fatigue Syncope Weakness Angina Polydipsia Congestive heart failure (reversible) Polyuria Perioral and/or finger tingling and numbness Dehydration Carpopedal[omicsonline.org]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] […] hypoalbuminemia 低アルブミン血症 hypoaldosteronism 低アルドステロン症/低アルドステロン hypoallergenic product 低アレルギー製品 hypocalcemia 低カルシウム血症/低カルシウム血 hypocalciuric hypercalcemia 低カルシウム尿性高カルシウム血症 hypocapnia[jpeds.or.jp]

  • Alkalosis

    spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[lifeinthefastlane.com] The blood levels of potassium and sodium can decrease dramatically, causing symptoms of metabolic alkalosis.[encyclopedia.com] Hypocapnia. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 4;347(1):43-53.[us.bestpractice.bmj.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Paresthesias, tremor, carpopedal spasm, agitation, seizures, and cardiac dysrhythmias all are reported symptoms.[aafp.org] Potassium levels can fluctuate severely during the treatment of DKA, because insulin decreases potassium levels in the blood by redistributing it into cells via increased[en.wikipedia.org] The children with cerebral edema also had more severe acidosis and hypocapnia and higher serum glucose, urea nitrogen, and creatinine concentrations at the time of presentation[dx.doi.org]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The carpopedal spasm was due to hypocalcemia which was precipitated by the alkali replacement.[jpma.org.pk] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com] When the hypocapnia is repaired, the return of the PaCO 2 to normal unveils a transient metabolic acidosis, which will self-correct shortly.[emedicine.com]

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