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77 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Hypokalemia, Potassium Decreased

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[quizlet.com] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[nurseslabs.com]

  • Conn Syndrome

    Hypernatremia, hypervolemia and hypokalemia are common.[symptoma.com] […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[myhealth.alberta.ca]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Laboratory testing is significant for hypokalemia, hypochloremia, and metabolic alkalosis.[medbullets.com] Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[de.slideshare.net] Five weeks after birth, his sodium chloride loss turned into renal potassium loss, along with a marked decrease in urine output.[link.springer.com]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Hypokalemia events were related to malnutrition (odds ratio, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-7.14; P .045).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The carpopedal spasm was due to hypocalcemia which was precipitated by the alkali replacement.[jpma.org.pk] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    One or more boratory alterations (increased erythrocyte sedimentaion rate, anemia, hypokalemia, and low serum albumin vel) were found in 62% of patients with organic diarrhea[doi.org] spasm Ca, Mg Edema Protein Glossitis Vitamins B 2 and B 12, folate, niacin, iron Night blindness Vitamin A Pain in limbs, bones, pathologic fractures K, Mg, Ca, vitamin D[merckmanuals.com] , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[encyclopedia.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    PURPOSE: To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Paresthesias, tremor, carpopedal spasm, agitation, seizures, and cardiac dysrhythmias all are reported symptoms.[aafp.org] Potassium levels can fluctuate severely during the treatment of DKA, because insulin decreases potassium levels in the blood by redistributing it into cells via increased[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    Convincing evidence for a pro-arrhythmogenic factor other than hypokalemia is still lacking.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 17-year-old female presented to us with a history of perioral numbness and carpopedal spasms of one week duration followed by progressive weakness of all the four limbs[sjkdt.org] […] supplements decreased the frequency of muscle weakness attacks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hypokalemia may be associated with it; occasionally leading to features like hypokalemic periodic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[amboss.com] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com]

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