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71 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Hypomagnesemia, Potassium Decreased

  • Bartter's Disease

    Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[] Five weeks after birth, his sodium chloride loss turned into renal potassium loss, along with a marked decrease in urine output.[] These patients usually have hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia. Adult patients may have chondrocalcinosis from longstanding hypomagnesemia. II.[]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[] May also be a metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia and mild hypernatraemia.[] Spontaneous hypopotassemia, hypomagnesemia, alkalosis and tetany due to hypersecretion of corticosterone-like mineralocorticoid.[]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    spasm (Trousseau sign) depressed respirations (b/c of compensation trying to hold CO2) paralytic ileus (gut shuts down to hold HCO3) ABGs (increased pH and HCO3) decreased[] Serum chloride: Decreased, less than 98 mEq/L, disproportionately to serum sodium decreases (if alkalosis is hypochloremia). Serum potassium: Decreased.[] We report two patients with gentamicin-induced syndrome of hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and hypomagnesemia.[]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[] Hypomagnesemia can also be seen in acute pancreatitis.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[] Hypomagnesemia is common in GS, but some types of BS can also present with such a phenotype.[]

  • Malabsorption Syndrome

    spasm Ca, Mg Edema Protein Glossitis Vitamins B 2 and B 12, folate, niacin, iron Night blindness Vitamin A Pain in limbs, bones, pathologic fractures K, Mg, Ca, vitamin D[] , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[] .  Neurologic manifestations  Electrolyte disturbances, such as hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia, can lead to tetany, manifesting as the Trousseau sign and the Chvostek sign[]

  • Hypophosphatemia

    This case reports an adolescent girl presenting with episodes of carpopedal spasms and difficulty in walking with laboratory tests suggestive of Gitelman's syndrome along[] Increased intake Intravenous—sodium or potassium phosphate Oral administration—Neutraphos Rectal—Fleets phosphosoda enemas Decreased renal excretion Renal insufficiency/failure—acute[] Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia commonly complicate refeeding syndrome as well; however, this report briefly reviews the clinical manifestations of refeeding-induced hypophosphatemia[]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[] […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[] These data strongly suggest that hypocalcemia resulted from disturbance of appropriate parathyroid hormone secretion caused by hypomagnesemia.[]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[] They have hypocalciuria, hypomagnesemia, and hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis. These patients appear as if they are chronically ingesting thiazide diuretics.[]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    spasm, Chvostek sign, Trusseau sign Nausea and/or vomiting Muscular cramps (back and lower limbs) Abdominal pain Wheezing (from bronchospasm) Constipation Dysphagia Bone[] […] severe acute hypocalcaemia Fatigue Syncope Weakness Angina Polydipsia Congestive heart failure (reversible) Polyuria Perioral and/or finger tingling and numbness Dehydration Carpopedal[]

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