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32 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Muscle Hypotonia, Potassium Decreased

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[myhealth.alberta.ca] Symptoms of Conn’s syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[metrohealth.net]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical description Clinical manifestations include weakness, fatigue, increased neuromuscular excitability (muscle fasciculation, cramps, tremor carpopedal spasms, numbness[orpha.net]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] manifestations: -Hypotonia and muscle weakness -Respiratory depression -Muscle cramps -Constipation and/or ileus -Rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria In hyperkalemia, the resting[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    A 17-year-old female presented to us with a history of perioral numbness and carpopedal spasms of one week duration followed by progressive weakness of all the four limbs[sjkdt.org] […] supplements decreased the frequency of muscle weakness attacks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient had quadriparesis with hypotonia, diminished deep tendon reflexes except delayed relaxation of ankle jerks, flexor plantar response, and prominent neck muscle[ijem.in]

  • Hypophosphatemia

    This case reports an adolescent girl presenting with episodes of carpopedal spasms and difficulty in walking with laboratory tests suggestive of Gitelman's syndrome along[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Increased intake Intravenous—sodium or potassium phosphate Oral administration—Neutraphos Rectal—Fleets phosphosoda enemas Decreased renal excretion Renal insufficiency/failure—acute[accessmedicine.mhmedical.com] Muscle weakness and hypotonia are absent.[orpha.net]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[amboss.com] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com] The patient developed hypotonia and blepharoptosis and exhibited growth retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congenital Malabsorption of Folic Acid

    spasm Ca, Mg Edema Protein Glossitis Vitamins B 2 and B 12, folate, niacin, iron Night blindness Vitamin A Pain in limbs, bones, pathologic fractures K, Mg, Ca, vitamin D[msdmanuals.com] Muscle cramping due to decreased vitamin D, calcium, and potassium levels Anemia, with weakness and fatigue due to inadequate absorption of vitamin B12, iron, and folic acid[steadyhealth.com] , and potassium levels muscle wasting and atrophy due to decreased protein absorption and metabolism perianal skin burning, itching, or soreness due to frequent loose stools[encyclopedia.com]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[amboss.com] In five patients, impaired potassium excretion was associated with decreased ammonium excretion, a urinary pH below 5.5 (5.18 0.07, mean S.E.M.), and aldosterone deficiency[nejm.org] Examination of the central nervous system revealed hypotonia with grade 3 power, proximally and distally, in all four limbs. No neck muscle weakness was present.[mjdrdypu.org]

  • Myopathy and Diabetes mellitus

    spasm.[emedicine.medscape.com] Since a reduction in the blood potassium level (from 4.0 mEq/ l to 2.4 mEq/ l ) was observed with a slight decrease in the urinary potassium level, an intracellular potassium[jstage.jst.go.jp] 38 mitochondrial myopathy 33 HP:0003737 39 motor delay 33 HP:0001270 40 hyporeflexia 33 HP:0001265 41 proximal muscle weakness 33 HP:0003701 42 generalized hypotonia 33 HP[malacards.org]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    spasm, Chvostek sign, Trusseau sign Nausea and/or vomiting Muscular cramps (back and lower limbs) Abdominal pain Wheezing (from bronchospasm) Constipation Dysphagia Bone[omicsonline.org] Skeletal Symptoms Severe pain and tenderness in lower limbs and back Generalized muscle weakness and hypotonia Pathologic fractures and delayed union Deformity of limbs and[boneandspine.com] […] severe acute hypocalcaemia Fatigue Syncope Weakness Angina Polydipsia Congestive heart failure (reversible) Polyuria Perioral and/or finger tingling and numbness Dehydration Carpopedal[omicsonline.org]

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