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38 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus, Potassium Decreased

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] […] symptoms: fatigue muscle weakness and cramping headaches palpitations polyuria and polydipsia (hypokalemia induced nephrogenic diabetes insipidus) signs: metabolic alkalosis[quizlet.com] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[myhealth.alberta.ca]

  • Bartter's Disease

    Other symptoms Other symptoms, which appear during late childhood, include fatigue, muscle weakness, cramps, and recurrent carpopedal spasms.  Developmental delay and minimal[de.slideshare.net] Five weeks after birth, his sodium chloride loss turned into renal potassium loss, along with a marked decrease in urine output.[link.springer.com] Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus with dilataion of bilateral renal pelvis, ureter and bladder. Scand J Urol Nephrol 2009;43:73-5. [ PUBMED ] 12.[sjkdt.org]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] diabetes insipidus.[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[amboss.com] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com] "Tenofovir-related nephrotoxicity in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: three cases of renal failure, Fanconi syndrome, and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus."[derangedphysiology.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    The carpopedal spasm was due to hypocalcemia which was precipitated by the alkali replacement.[jpma.org.pk] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com] Idiopathic hypergammaglobulinaemia associated with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and distal renal tubular acidosis.[academic.oup.com]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    A 17-year-old female presented to us with a history of perioral numbness and carpopedal spasms of one week duration followed by progressive weakness of all the four limbs[sjkdt.org] […] supplements decreased the frequency of muscle weakness attacks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The polyuria and polydipsia were caused by nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, which was diagnosed using the water deprivation test and vasopressin administration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Milk-Alkali Syndrome

    Serum calcium begins to decrease in 2 to 4 h and falls to near-normal within 24 h.[merckmanuals.com] Also, hypercalcemia produces a renal concentrating defect that can be considered a form of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. 11 Excessive Dietary Calcium ¾ cup Total cereal,[slideplayer.com] Also, hypercalcemia produces a renal concentrating defect that can be considered a form of nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.[emedicine.com]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    spasm Failure to thrive, developmental delay Dysmorphic facies, strabismus, and sensorineural deafness Symptoms of renal colic may occur during as a result of calcium stones[amboss.com] In five patients, impaired potassium excretion was associated with decreased ammonium excretion, a urinary pH below 5.5 (5.18 0.07, mean S.E.M.), and aldosterone deficiency[nejm.org] Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus See also separate Diabetes Insipidus article. Caused by renal insensitivity to antidiuretic hormone.[patient.info]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    spasm, Chvostek sign, Trusseau sign Nausea and/or vomiting Muscular cramps (back and lower limbs) Abdominal pain Wheezing (from bronchospasm) Constipation Dysphagia Bone[omicsonline.org] Here, stones refers to nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. Patients may report polyuria and consecutive polydipsia.[symptoma.com] […] severe acute hypocalcaemia Fatigue Syncope Weakness Angina Polydipsia Congestive heart failure (reversible) Polyuria Perioral and/or finger tingling and numbness Dehydration Carpopedal[omicsonline.org]

  • Lithium Toxicity

    On Day 3 she was alert and her GCS was E4 M4V5 but she had bilateral carpopedal spasm. She was given injection calcium gluconate as her serum calcium was markedly low.[neurologyindia.com] Rhabdomyolysis can also lead to acute tubular necrosis and kidney failure, which will exacerbate developing hyperkalemia by decreasing renal potassium clearance.[foamcast.org] These were: nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (adjusted OR 26.96, 95% CI 2.89-251.94), age over 50 years (adjusted OR 6.20, 95% CI 1.36-28.32) and thyroid dysfunction (adjusted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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