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10 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Nocturnal Leg Cramp, Potassium Decreased

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] Clinical description Clinical manifestations include weakness, fatigue, increased neuromuscular excitability (muscle fasciculation, cramps, tremor carpopedal spasms, numbness[orpha.net]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What Makes the Potassium Level Decrease?[merckmanuals.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Signs include hyperpnea or tachypnea and carpopedal spasms. Diagnosis is clinical and with ABG and serum electrolyte measurements. Treatment is directed at the cause.[msdmanuals.com] According to classical data, serum potassium decreases during the acute respiratory alkalosis.[alpfmedical.info] spasm Shift 02 dissociation curve to the left (Alkalosis) (Increased affinity of Hb for O2) Correction Treat underlying cause Re-breather mask References and Links Acid-Base[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[icd9data.com] […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[web.archive.org] Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis

    A 17-year-old female presented to us with a history of perioral numbness and carpopedal spasms of one week duration followed by progressive weakness of all the four limbs[sjkdt.org] […] supplements decreased the frequency of muscle weakness attacks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chronically, acetazolamide, dichlorphenamide, or potassium-sparing diuretics decrease attack frequency and severity but are of little value acutely.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Hypocalcemia Chief complaints of patients who present with hypocalcemia include carpopedal spasm, neuromuscular excitability and if severe seizures might develop.[cdemcurriculum.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk]

  • Nocturnal Leg Cramp

    Tetany can cause muscle spasm, but spasm is usually more sustained (often with repetitive brief muscle twitches); it is usually bilateral and diffuse, but isolated carpopedal[merckmanuals.com] A healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables can also help to decrease the frequency of leg cramps.[everydayhealth.com] Nocturnal leg cramps. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(4):350-355. Butler JV, Mulkerrin EC, et al. Nocturnal leg cramps in older people. Postgrad Med J. 2002;78:596-598.[stjosepheureka.myhospitalwebsite.com]

  • Muscle Spasm

    Tetany can cause muscle spasm, but spasm is usually more sustained (often with repetitive brief muscle twitches); it is usually bilateral and diffuse, but isolated carpopedal[merckmanuals.com] Sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium are needed for your muscles to adequately contract and relax.[wikihow.com] There were 29 patients with nocturnal leg cramps, 28 with cervical spondylosis, 13 with thalamic pain and 11 with carpal tunnel syndrome, for which the effectiveness was assessed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Muscle Cramp

    When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code ( R25.2 ) and the excluded code together. carpopedal spasm ( ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code[icd10data.com] A decrease in serum potassium concentration elicits a drop in aldosterone secretion and hence less potassium loss in the urine.[humankinetics.com] Muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction are believed to be contribute to nocturnal leg cramps.[onhealth.com]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    spasm (Trousseau's sign) Masseter spasm (Chvostek's sign) Tetany / muscle spasms Weakness Cardiovascular ECG changes Dysrhythmias responsiveness to: digitalis (3-adrenergic[medbc.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com] A few years ago, researchers in the United Kingdom found that 300 mg of supplemental magnesium reduced nighttime or nocturnal leg cramps in individuals who suffered chronic[eletewater.co.uk]

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