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19 Possible Causes for Carpopedal Spasm, Potassium Decreased, Restless Legs Syndrome

  • Hypomagnesemia

    A 39-year-old woman was presented to the emergency department complaining of severe watery diarrhea and carpopedal spasm after ingesting a handful of magnesium hydroxide tablets[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia.[en.wikipedia.org] Symptoms include anorexia, nausea, vomiting, lethargy, weakness, personality change, tetany (eg, positive Trousseau or Chvostek sign, spontaneous carpopedal spasm, hyperreflexia[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    Case presentation We report a case of a 4-year-old girl presenting carpopedal spasm and rhabdomyolysis due to severe hypokalemia associated to hypophosphatemia and hypovolemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] What Makes the Potassium Level Decrease?[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[icd9data.com] […] to hypoxia and/or acidosis Cell destruction - crushing injuries, burns and hemolysis Inadequate Potassium Excretion - from decreased aldosterone related to Adrenalectomy[web.archive.org] The patient had carpopedal spasm at both hypocalcemic presentations.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Conn Syndrome

    Some people with PLMS may also experience restless legs syndrome -- an uncomfortable sensation in the calves or thighs.[livestrong.com] […] depletion, hypokalemic alkalosis, hypervolemia, and decreased plasma renin activity; may be associated with small, benign adrenocortical adenomas.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Symptoms of Conn's syndrome include high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, excessive urination (often during the night), and a decrease in potassium levels in the blood[myhealth.alberta.ca]

  • Hyperventilation

    Telltale signs of iron depletion include pale lips, cheeks and eyelid rims, brittle or ridged nails, fatigue and also restless legs syndrome.[dailymail.co.uk] In extreme cases it may cause carpopedal spasms, a flapping and contraction of the hands and feet.Factors that may induce or sustain hyperventilation include: physiological[en.wikipedia.org] This leads to increased plasma protein binding of the serum potassium and a decrease of the physiologically active ionized calcium .[flexikon.doccheck.com]

  • Nocturnal Leg Cramp

    Tetany can cause muscle spasm, but spasm is usually more sustained (often with repetitive brief muscle twitches); it is usually bilateral and diffuse, but isolated carpopedal[merckmanuals.com] A healthy diet with plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables can also help to decrease the frequency of leg cramps.[everydayhealth.com] legs syndrome and nocturnal leg cramps: A review and guide to diagnosis and treatment", abstract "Restless legs syndrome (RLS) and nocturnal leg cramps (NLCs) are common[mayoclinic.pure.elsevier.com]

  • Magnesium Deficiency

    leg syndrome, migraine, self-injurious behavior, autoimmunity, rage, bruxism, seizure, heart arrhythmia, heightened sensitivity to sensory stimuli, and an exaggerated startle[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 3-year-old boy presenting with convulsions and carpopedal spasm had hypomagnesemia and hypermagnesuria due to congenital magnesium-losing nephropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Potassium blood levels: The blood levels of potassium decrease with hypomagnesemia. Low serum potassium levels also incites some characteristic ECG changes.[symptoma.com]

  • Muscle Spasm

    Tetany can cause muscle spasm, but spasm is usually more sustained (often with repetitive brief muscle twitches); it is usually bilateral and diffuse, but isolated carpopedal[merckmanuals.com] Sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium are needed for your muscles to adequately contract and relax.[wikihow.com] Restless Leg Syndrome A second type of disorder that may cause muscle spasms during sleep is restless leg syndrome.[sleep.lovetoknow.com]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Low magnesium levels irritability and anxiety, restless leg syndrome, heart arrhythmias, sleep problems or seizure.[diet.lovetoknow.com] spasm (Trousseau's sign) Masseter spasm (Chvostek's sign) Tetany / muscle spasms Weakness Cardiovascular ECG changes Dysrhythmias responsiveness to: digitalis (3-adrenergic[medbc.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com]

  • Muscle Cramp

    Nocturnal leg cramps should not be confused with restless legs syndrome, a crawling sensation that is relieved by walking or moving around.[disabled-world.com] When a type 2 excludes note appears under a code it is acceptable to use both the code ( R25.2 ) and the excluded code together. carpopedal spasm ( ICD-10-CM Diagnosis Code[icd10data.com] A decrease in serum potassium concentration elicits a drop in aldosterone secretion and hence less potassium loss in the urine.[humankinetics.com]

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