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1,170 Possible Causes for Catatonia, Confusion, High Fever, Lactic Acidosis

  • Status Epilepticus

    Acute encephalopathy is more prone to occur in patients with Dravet syndrome with a high fever.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] psychotropic drugs, infections, trauma, metabolic derangements and alcohol use CLINICAL FEATURES None are specific for NCS or NCSE Coma, altered consciousness, or altered sensorium Catatonia[lifeinthefastlane.com] A high level of suspicion of DNASLO in cases of unexplained confusion in adults or elderly subjects taking cephalosporins is essential to prompt an emergency EEG and, in turn[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a rare case of pentobarbital infusion causing propylene glycol-induced lactic acidosis, during refractory status epilepticus treatment in a 66-year-old man without[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    One day later, high fever unexplained by infection appeared associated with restlessness, confusion, convulsion, leukocytosis, and extreme serum creatine kinase levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome can be distinguished, at least on a descriptive level. There is a strong syndromal overlap.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 57-year-old man was admitted to a psychiatric ward in a confused state.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Transaminases, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) levels may also be elevated, while electrolyte abnormalities and metabolic acidosis may be seen[prognosisapp.com]

  • Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria

    We report the case of a patient who developed high fever, then respiratory distress during a trip to Haiti who was admitted to our hospital and diagnosed with malaria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] include an acute confusional state or acute psychosis with or 1 of the following symptoms: clouding of consciousness, inappropriate speech or behavior, visual hallucination, catatonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] of IgG and IgM antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) against multiple viruses and bacteria reflected a non-specific polyclonal B cell activation and was more confusing[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Other manifestations of P falciparum infection include hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis, severe anemia, and multiorgan dysfunction due to hypoxia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Hyperpyrexia

    These observations suggest that high fever may be one possible aetiology of critical illness polyneuropathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Thus, in lethal catatonia, psychosis precedes the onset of the catatonic state.[medtextfree.wordpress.com] We observed a patient who, during the administration of intravenous cimetidine, became hyperpyretic and confused.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Severe lactic acidosis also occurred. In 1972 King et al reported elevated levels of serum CK and clinical findings of a dominantly inherited myopathy.[patient.info]

  • Encephalopathy

    ., meningitis, encephalitis), bacterial, viral, parasitic, or prions, especially with high fever Disorders of the thyroid, adrenal, pituitary, or related glands Toxicity or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present the case of a 21-year-old woman presenting with catatonia as a manifestation of hyperammonemic encephalopathy that resolved with the normalization of ammonia and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If you are not acting like yourself, if you are confused, or if you are very sleepy, you should be taken to the emergency room immediately.[hepatitis.va.gov] Another rare form of encephalopathy that usually develops in younger people (about ages 4 to 20 years) is the MELAS syndrome ("Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis[medicinenet.com]

  • Dementia

    Reversible conditions with symptoms of dementia can be caused by a high fever, dehydration, vitamin deficiency and poor nutrition, bad reactions to medicines, problems with[psychcentral.com] This case has implications for our understanding of the neural correlate of catatonia, specifically frontal lobe pathway dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These include restlessness and agitation, depression, anxiety, forgetfulness and confusion.[symptoma.com] Compare it to someone who has a fever: the person is ill from the fever, but the high temperature does not explain the cause or why this person is ill.[caregiver.org]

    Missing: Lactic Acidosis
  • Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

    Case 3 A 20-year-old female developed high fever, altered sensorium and seizures 2 days after delivery.[neurologyindia.com] Catatonia is associated with a variety of psychiatric and medical illnesses.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Most frequent symptoms at admission were fever, confusion, aphasia and seizures. Mortality rate was 11 %. 2 patients presented a clinical relapse.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present a case in which mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes syndrome mimicked the clinical and radiological signs of herpes simplex[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Malignant Hyperthermia

    He later developed high fever with core temperature reaching a peak of 42.2 C, rapid breathing, and died after unsuccessful attempts to stabilize him.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs of an MH reaction are non-specific and may be confused with the presentation of other problems such as sepsis and overheating of a patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] acidosis - accumulation of intramitochondrial calicum - deconjugation of oxidative phosphorylation - cytolysis.[lifeinthefastlane.com] Muscle rigidity, breakdown of muscle fibers ( rhabdomyolysis ), a high fever , increased acid levels in the blood and other tissues (acidosis), and a rapid heart rate are[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Catatonia
  • Septicemia

    The typical course for cases of bacterial superinfection involves a second peak of high fever; other clinical signs are variable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include chills, high fever, and rapid breathing and heart rate, and it can progress quickly to confusion, altered mental state, and shock.[alabamapublichealth.gov] Lactic acidosis (with no other possible etiologies of lactatemia) would have indicated sepsis.[icd10monitor.com] […] progress into septicemia, a more serious blood infection that is always accompanied by symptoms such as chills, high fever, rapid heartbeat, severe nausea, vomiting and confusion[orasurgery.com]

    Missing: Catatonia
  • Heat Stroke

    A 14-month-old female with familial dysautonomia was referred to the pediatric department with high fever (41.6 degrees C), watery diarrhea, and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Heat stroke is a life-threatening condition which is characterised by nausea, vomiting, confusion, disorientation and coma.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Seven patients developed acute kidney injury, all eight had lactic acidosis and rhabdomyolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] If someone has a high fever or has been exposed to heat for a long time, then their body can become dangerously overheated.[sja.org.uk]

    Missing: Catatonia

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