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188 Possible Causes for Catatonia, Dystonia

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    However, exact psychopathological and pathophysiological characterization of both NMS and catatonia remains unclear.Clinically, catatonia and NMS show more or less similar[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We compare this case with the other documented cases of acute dystonia and NMS after initiating aripiprazole in the pediatric population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A 16-year-old male with a history of misuse of dextromethorphan and pseudoephedrine for recreational purpose presented with dystonia and a psychotic episode.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Dementia

    This case has implications for our understanding of the neural correlate of catatonia, specifically frontal lobe pathway dysfunction.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Less frequently reported MD include chorea, palatal tremor, dystonia, parkinsonism, opsoclonus-myoclonus, propriospinal myoclonus, paroxysmal dyskinesia, myorhythmia, and[doi.org] KEYWORDS: S-ketamine; catatonia; dementia; depression; electroconvulsive therapy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalitis Lethargica

    Our patient fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for malignant catatonia, so we diagnosed secondary malignant catatonia due to EL syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe 2 recent cases of EL characterized by an acute encephalitis with mixed movement disorders (dystonia-Parkinsonism plus stereotypy) and psychiatric disorders (agitated[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Saunders-Pullman , DYT12, Rapid Onset Dystonia-parkinsonism , Encyclopedia of Movement Disorders , 10.1016/B978-0-12-374105-9.00112-X , (435-438) , (2010) . Susanne A.[dx.doi.org]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    […] presence of several mimickers including partial seizures, meningitis, localized tetanus, serum electrolyte level abnormalities, strychnine poisoning, angioedema, malingering, catatonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Moreover, a serious and debilitating form of the disorder called tardive dystonia may follow. There are no tests tailored to diagnose drug-induced dystonia.[symptoma.com] […] dystonia recognizes several mimickers, including partial seizures, meningitis, localized tetanus, electrolyte disturbances, strychnine poisoning, angioedema, simulation, catatonia[journals.lww.com]

  • Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis

    Most patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis develop a multistage illness that progresses from initial psychiatric symptoms to memory disturbance, seizures, dyskinesia, and catatonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] patients or 18 years old, 87.5% presented with behavioral or personality change, sometimes associated with seizures and frequent sleep dysfunction; 9.5% with dyskinesias or dystonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Dyskinesias almost always start in the face and/or mouth and manifest as clenching of the teeth or jaw dystonia.[dx.doi.org]

  • Alcohol Withdrawal

    AIMS: Catatonia is a neuropsychiatric syndrome characterized by alterations in motor behavior, vigilance, thought and mood.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report the case of a patient in whom alcohol withdrawal presented as catatonia.[dx.doi.org] […] sedative-hypnotic withdrawal catatonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    […] interference between psychiatric diseases and movement disorders, such as dystonia, were discussed even at the dawn of modern psychiatry by Kahlbaum in the original description of catatonia[omicsonline.org] Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a genetically heterogeneous, isolated form of dystonia.[symptoma.com] Linkage analysis in one form of autosomal dominant torsion dystonia permits the assignment of a "torsion dystonia locus" to the long arm of chromosome 9.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Orofacial Dyskinesia

    […] seizure disorders Metabolic disorders: Hyperthyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, chorea gravidarum Psychiatric disorders: Spontaneous dyskinesias associated with schizophrenia and catatonia[mdedge.com] Oromandibular dystonia (OMD) is perhaps the most common of these and includes jaw opening, jaw closing, and jaw deviation dystonia.[link.springer.com] Although asterixis, dystonia, and tremor have been described with carbamazepine (Tegretol), there is no report of orofacial dyskinesia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Basal Ganglia Lesion

    Elia J, Dell ML, Friedman DF et al (2005) PANDAS with catatonia: a case report. Therapeutic response to lorazepam and plasmapheresis.[link.springer.com] OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of epidural motor cortex stimulation (MCS) on dystonia, spasticity, pain, and quality of life in patients with dystonia secondary to a focal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Truncal dyskinesia, right side predominant limbs chorea, cervical dystonia and abnormal gait gradually developed.[mdsabstracts.org]

  • Huntington's Disease

    For example, prompt administration of ECT to treat neuroleptic malignant syndrome and malignant catatonia is necessary to improve a patient's overall prognosis and potentially[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chorea and dystonia are features that may be troublesome to some patients and may potentially prove unresponsive to pharmacological treatments.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Deep brain stimulator (DBS) implantation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of various movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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