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214 Possible Causes for Catatonia, Dystonia

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    Catatonia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome can be distinguished, at least on a descriptive level. There is a strong syndromal overlap.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We compare this case with the other documented cases of acute dystonia and NMS after initiating aripiprazole in the pediatric population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We describe a patient with dystonia and psychotic symptoms treated with standard doses of antipsychotics, who developed neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Huntington's Disease

    For example, prompt administration of ECT to treat neuroleptic malignant syndrome and malignant catatonia is necessary to improve a patient's overall prognosis and potentially[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chorea and dystonia are features that may be troublesome to some patients and may potentially prove unresponsive to pharmacological treatments.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Deep brain stimulator (DBS) implantation has been shown to be effective in the treatment of various movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, essential tremor and dystonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Primary Torsion Dystonia

    […] interference between psychiatric diseases and movement disorders, such as dystonia, were discussed even at the dawn of modern psychiatry by Kahlbaum in the original description of catatonia[omicsonline.org] Primary torsion dystonia (PTD) is a genetically heterogeneous, isolated form of dystonia.[symptoma.com] Linkage analysis in one form of autosomal dominant torsion dystonia permits the assignment of a "torsion dystonia locus" to the long arm of chromosome 9.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Drug-induced Dystonia

    […] presence of several mimickers including partial seizures, meningitis, localized tetanus, serum electrolyte level abnormalities, strychnine poisoning, angioedema, malingering, catatonia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] For all patients at risk, dystonia was more common in men and in younger patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] dystonia recognizes several mimickers, including partial seizures, meningitis, localized tetanus, electrolyte disturbances, strychnine poisoning, angioedema, simulation, catatonia[journals.lww.com]

  • Clozapine

    Neuropsychiatric expression and catatonia in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome: An overview and case series .[cambridge.org] […] tardive dystonia, particularly when concomitant treatment of psychotic symptoms is required.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sun B, Chen S, Zhan S, LeW, Krahl SE (2007)Subthalamic nucleus stimulation for primary dystonia and tardive dystonia. ActaNeurochirSuppl 97:207-214.[dual-diagnosis.imedpub.com]

  • Movement Disorder

    Huntington's disease and other choreas Tourette syndrome (including associated OCD and ADHD symptoms) Startle syndromes Myoclonus Ataxia Medication-induced movement disorders Catatonia[barnesjewish.org] Adult-onset dystonia (AOD) may manifest in focal forms (as blepharospasm, oromandibular dystonia, cervical dystonia, laryngeal dystonia, and hand dystonia) or in segmental[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We retrospectively analysed Diffusion Tensor Imaging for 31 CAYP selected for DBS surgery (14 primary dystonia, 17 secondary dystonia) and 10 CAYP selected for ITB surgery[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Reserpine

    […] vasodilatation), motor disturbances (apparently of the extrapyramidal system characterized by stiffness with aching pain in the legs, tremors and various types of dystonia and catatonia[cameochemicals.noaa.gov] We report that low dose reserpine treatment (0.25 mg/day for 7 days) improves the dystonic-dyskinetic disability score in patients affected by idiopathic dystonias, iatrogenic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] peripheral vasodilatation), motor disturbances (apparently of the extrapyramidal system characterized by stiffness with aching pain in the legs, tremors and various types of dystonia[cameochemicals.noaa.gov]

  • Overdose

    At this point, the patient developed new slurred speech and later catatonia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Acute dystonia is a hyperkinetic movement disorder that manifests as intermittent or sustained muscle contractions.[clinicaladvisor.com] The common clinical manifestations of acute dystonia include trismus, torticollis, facial grimacing, opisthotonus, and oculogyric crisis.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Type 2

    Test for catatonia with zolpidem. Lancet 1997 ;349: 702 - 702 3. Clauss RP, Guldenpfennig WM, Nel HW, Sathekge MM, Venkannagari RR.[nejm.org] Cervical dystonia (CD) was diagnosed according to standardised clinical criteria. CD was scored using the Tsui score.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Jaw-opening dystonia Blepharospasm, orobuccal dystonia, antecollis Dystonic lingual tremor, jaw-opening dystonia Facial dystonia, oromandibular dystonia, dystonic posture[movementdisorders.org]

  • Hyperphenylalaninemia

    […] including: Innovations in Addressing Child Health and Survival in Low Income Settings; Developmental Domains and Theories of Cognition; The Reggio Emilia Educational Approach Catatonia[books.google.com] Guanosine 5'-triphosphate cyclohydrolase I (GCH) mutants (H144P and T186K) associated with dominant dopa-responsive dystonia were enzymatically inactive and inhibited the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here we report six individuals from four unrelated families with HPA who exhibited progressive neurodevelopmental delay, dystonia, and a unique profile of neurotransmitter[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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