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20 Possible Causes for Cauda Equina Syndrome, Mid Back Pain, Paravertebral Muscle Spasm

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    The cauda equina syndrome in ankylosing spondylitis (the CES-AS syndrome) is marked by slow, insidious progression and a high incidence of dural ectasia in the lumbosacral[] The disease can make the mid back round forward, a deformity called kyphosis.[] Abstract The cauda equina syndrome in ankylosing spondylitis (the CES-AS syndrome) is marked by slow, insidious progression and a high incidence of dural ectasia in the lumbosacral[]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    A few hours later, the patient deteriorated with signs of cauda equina syndrome.[] Her mid lumbar back pain worsened this morning when she was walking in her kitchen.[] pain and fever ER T No 30 d 23 d 34 d No Urology Permanent paralysis from mid-waist level down Failed to diagnose and treat appropriately P (819,000) M/# Back and leg pain[]

  • Vertebral Compression Fracture

    Equina Syndrome suspected Refractory severe pain or 6 weeks of pain Percutaneous Vertebroplasty Kyphoplasty ( Restore s Vertebra l height)[] pain that is: Most commonly felt in mid to lower part of the spine, but may also be felt on the sides or in the front.[] ., complete/incomplete paraplegia (distal spinal cord), malfunction of the vegetative system (conus medullaris), or cauda equina syndrome. Diagnostic work-up.[]

  • Osteoporosis

    muscle spasms exacerbated by activity and decreased by lying supine Patients often remain motionless in bed because of fear of causing an exacerbation of pain Acute pain[] equina syndrome.[] The compression fractures in the spine, caused by weakened vertebrae can lead to pain in your mid-back area.[]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    Muscle Spasm- Muscle spasm is often reflex spasm of paravertebral muscles secondary to irritation or pinch of spinal nerve mostly within inter-vertebral foramina.[] Abstract Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare but serious neurosurgical emergency that can have devastating long-lasting neurologic consequences.[] […] and on the sides of the neck (The pain might increase when bending or turning the neck) Spasm of the neck muscles Symptoms of a herniated disc in the mid-back tend to be[]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis

    Vertebral osteomyelitis causes localized back pain and tenderness with paravertebral muscle spasm that is unresponsive to conservative treatment.[] Cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar spondylodiscitis caused by Streptococcus milleri. Eur Spine J 5, 134 –136. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] 9. Ganapathy, M.[] Osteomyelitis can affect any region of the spinal column—cervical (neck), thoracic (mid back), lumbar (low back) and/or sacral (sacrum).[]

  • Spinal Stenosis

    Cauda equina syndrome in spinal stenosis is a rare complication.[] Spinal stenosis may be in the neck, mid-back or low back. Spinal stenosis may cause just back or neck pain as well as accompanying arm pain or leg pain.[] Epidural catheter placement or removal resulted in an acute cauda equina syndrome in a patient with asymptomatic high-grade lumbar spinal stenosis at L3-4.[]

  • Spondylolisthesis

    Other clinical signs of spondylolisthesis include a weak and drooping abdominal wall, paravertebral muscle hypertrophy, increased lumbar lordosis, hamstring muscle spasm,[] Rarely, involvement of nerve roots can lead to concomitant morbidities like cauda equina syndrome.[] Spondylolisthesis is most common in the low back ( lumbar spine) but can also occur in the mid to upper back (thoracic spine) and neck (cervical spine).[]

  • Spinal Tuberculosis

    Physical examination of the spine reveals localised tenderness and paravertebral muscle spasm.[] This is in contrast to the hyperreflexia seen with spinal cord compression along with bladder involvement (cauda-equina syndrome).[]

  • Lumbar Osteoarthritis

    Except in emergencies, such as cauda equina syndrome, surgery is usually the last resort.[] The pain doesn’t always stay localised to the low back and quite often leads to mid back pain. It also has the ability to radiate down into the buttocks.[] Chiropractic spinal manipulations may also be suggested to improve your lower or mid back pain.[]