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31 Possible Causes for Cauda Equina Syndrome, Paravertebral Muscle Spasm

  • Spinal Stenosis

    Cauda equina syndrome in spinal stenosis is a rare complication.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Epidural catheter placement or removal resulted in an acute cauda equina syndrome in a patient with asymptomatic high-grade lumbar spinal stenosis at L3-4.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The spinal nerves continue to branch out below the conus medullaris to form the cauda equina. Pressure on the cauda equina causes cauda equina syndrome .[patient.info]

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    Cauda equina syndrome may be due to either inflammation or compression. This may occur late in the disease course.[emedicinehealth.com] equina syndrome (rare) The axial skeleton is predominantly affected, although in 20% of cases the peripheral joints are also involved.[radiopaedia.org] In inflammatory cauda equina syndrome, the spinal canal is normal to large with cerebrospinal fluid diverticulae (outpouchings) that are best seen on MRI.[emedicinehealth.com]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis

    Vertebral osteomyelitis causes localized back pain and tenderness with paravertebral muscle spasm that is unresponsive to conservative treatment.[merckmanuals.com] In the case of cauda equina syndrome, however, hyporeflexia is the typical finding.[clinicaladvisor.com] Cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar spondylodiscitis caused by Streptococcus milleri . Eur Spine J 5 , 134 –136. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] 9. Ganapathy, M.[jmm.microbiologyresearch.org]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    A few hours later, the patient deteriorated with signs of cauda equina syndrome.[medical-case-reports.imedpub.com] The patient presented with acute cauda equina syndrome and was shown to have multisegmental SEA extending from D5 to S2 vertebral level without any evidence of vertebral involvement[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Infectious origins of cauda equina syndrome. Neurosurgical Focus. 2004; 16(6): 1-10. Arora S, Kumar R, Batra S, Nath R.[spinalnewsinternational.com]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    Muscle Spasm- Muscle spasm is often reflex spasm of paravertebral muscles secondary to irritation or pinch of spinal nerve mostly within inter-vertebral foramina.[epainassist.com] Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare but serious neurosurgical emergency that can have devastating long-lasting neurologic consequences.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of lumbar disk herniation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Spondylolisthesis

    Tenderness and spasms of the paravertebral muscles may be present at the level of the vertebral defect and surrounding segments.[veterans.gc.ca] Rarely, involvement of nerve roots can lead to concomitant morbidities like cauda equina syndrome.[symptoma.com] These symptoms may be a sign of cauda equina syndrome and may be a medical emergency.[verywellhealth.com]

  • Lumbar Osteoarthritis

    Except in emergencies, such as cauda equina syndrome, surgery is usually the last resort.[hopkinsmedicine.org] Surgery is sometimes performed for acute sciatica (if nerve problems such as weakness and numbness are severe and worsen rather than improve) and cauda equina syndrome , a[emedicinehealth.com] Lumbar spinal stenosis can cause cauda equina syndrome, which needs medical attention right away.[hopkinsmedicine.org]

  • Cervical Osteoarthritis

    Patients in each group were investigated blindly in terms of pain and pain-related physical findings, such as increased paravertebral muscle spasm, loss of lordosis and range[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Surgery is sometimes performed for acute sciatica (if nerve problems such as weakness and numbness are severe and worsen rather than improve) and cauda equina syndrome , a[emedicinehealth.com] The active ROM, paravertebral muscle spasm and neck pain and disability scale (NPDS) scores improved significantly after PEMF therapy (p 0.001) but no change was observed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Osteomyelitis

    Vertebral osteomyelitis causes localized back pain and tenderness with paravertebral muscle spasm that is unresponsive to conservative treatment.[merckmanuals.com] Cauda equina syndrome results from the compression (squeezing) of the cauda equina –the sac of nerves and nerve roots at the base of the spinal cord.[columbiaspine.org] If the epidural abscess is present in the lumbar (lower) portion of the spine, it can result in cauda equina syndrome.[columbiaspine.org]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Paralytic ileus is characterized by the signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction but without any mechanical lesions in the intestinal lumen. Several medical and surgical conditions can lead to this ailment, such as electrolyte disturbances that impair intestinal motility. However, hypercalcemia secondary to multiple[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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