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17 Possible Causes for Cauda Equina Syndrome, Paravertebral Muscle Spasm

  • Osteoporosis

    muscle spasms exacerbated by activity and decreased by lying supine Patients often remain motionless in bed because of fear of causing an exacerbation of pain Acute pain[] equina syndrome.[] […] lumbar spine The pain is described variably as sharp, nagging, or dull; movement may exacerbate pain; in some cases, pain radiates to the abdomen Pain is often accompanied by paravertebral[]

  • Spinal Stenosis

    BACKGROUND: Cauda equina syndrome in spinal stenosis is a rare complication.[] Epidural catheter placement or removal resulted in an acute cauda equina syndrome in a patient with asymptomatic high-grade lumbar spinal stenosis at L3-4.[] Equina Syndrome IX.[]

  • Spinal Epidural Abscess

    A few hours later, the patient deteriorated with signs of cauda equina syndrome.[] The patient presented with acute cauda equina syndrome and was shown to have multisegmental SEA extending from D5 to S2 vertebral level without any evidence of vertebral involvement[] Infectious origins of cauda equina syndrome. Neurosurgical Focus. 2004; 16(6): 1-10. Arora S, Kumar R, Batra S, Nath R.[]

  • Ankylosing Spondylitis

    The cauda equina syndrome in ankylosing spondylitis (the CES-AS syndrome) is marked by slow, insidious progression and a high incidence of dural ectasia in the lumbosacral[] Abstract The cauda equina syndrome in ankylosing spondylitis (the CES-AS syndrome) is marked by slow, insidious progression and a high incidence of dural ectasia in the lumbosacral[] equina syndrome (rare) The axial skeleton is predominantly affected, although in 20% of cases the peripheral joints are also involved.[]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    , Robert A. Kyle , Ruth M. Pfeiffer , Jerry A. Katzmann , Neil E. Caporaso , Richard B. Hayes , Angela Dispenzieri , Shaji Kumar , Raynell J. Clark , Dalsu Baris , Robert Hoover and S. Vincent Rajkumar Blood 2009 113:5412-5417; doi: Abstract Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a premalignant[…][]

  • Lumbar Disk Herniation

    Abstract Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare but serious neurosurgical emergency that can have devastating long-lasting neurologic consequences.[] PURPOSE: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of lumbar disk herniation.[] Cauda equina syndrome. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Sequestered herniated lumbar disk posterior to the dura mater.[]

  • Spondylolisthesis

    Tenderness and spasms of the paravertebral muscles may be present at the level of the vertebral defect and surrounding segments.[] Rarely, involvement of nerve roots can lead to concomitant morbidities like cauda equina syndrome.[] These symptoms may be a sign of cauda equina syndrome and may be a medical emergency.[]

  • Vertebral Osteomyelitis

    Vertebral osteomyelitis causes localized back pain and tenderness with paravertebral muscle spasm that is unresponsive to conservative treatment.[] Cauda equina syndrome secondary to lumbar spondylodiscitis caused by Streptococcus milleri. Eur Spine J 5, 134 –136. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar] 9. Ganapathy, M.[] In the case of cauda equina syndrome, however, hyporeflexia is the typical finding.[]

  • Vertebral Compression Fracture

    Equina Syndrome suspected Refractory severe pain or 6 weeks of pain Percutaneous Vertebroplasty Kyphoplasty ( Restore s Vertebra l height)[] ., complete/incomplete paraplegia (distal spinal cord), malfunction of the vegetative system (conus medullaris), or cauda equina syndrome. Diagnostic work-up.[] Management: Neurosurgery or Spine Surgery Consultation Indications Serious acute imaging findings Vertebra l bone retropulsed into spinal canal with neurologic symptoms Cauda[]

  • Lumbar Osteoarthritis

    Except in emergencies, such as cauda equina syndrome, surgery is usually the last resort.[] These signs and symptoms could represent an important massive nerve compression needing surgical intervention ( cauda equina syndrome ).[] Lumbar spinal stenosis can cause cauda equina syndrome, which needs medical attention right away.[]

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