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35 Possible Causes for Central Blindness, Centrocecal Scotoma, Optic Disc Pallor

  • Toxic Retinopathy

    disc pallor .[ejournalofophthalmology.com] History For retinopathy, patients should be asked about poor central vision, change in color vision, central blind spots, difficulty reading, and metamorphopsia.[eyewiki.aao.org] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] Children with bilateral central blind spots (scotomas) may "overlook" in order to see a person or object.[tsbvi.edu] scotomas in the perimetry and pseudoedema of the optic disc, followed by optic atrophy.[link.springer.com]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Ophthalmoscopic changes are restricted at first to slight redness of the temporal margins of the optic discs; minimal pallor is observed at a later stage.[notesread.com] […] spots (central blind spot dark spots), sexual interference Vision, dark spots can become absolute and can lead to blindness, fundus is usually no exception, but later can[healthfrom.com] An initially small central or pericentral scotoma slowly enlarges, typically involving both the fixation and the blind spot (centrocecal scotoma), and progressively interferes[merckmanuals.com]

  • Secondary Optic Atrophy

    Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[slideshare.net] In all but the late stages central vision and colour vision unaffected. Enlarged blind spot. Papillitis is an active inflammation of nerve head (an optic neuritis).[academy.org.uk] scotomas in the perimetry and pseudoedema of the optic disc, followed by optic atrophy.[link.springer.com]

  • Optic Atrophy

    CONCLUSIONS: Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Children with bilateral central blind spots (scotomas) may "overlook" in order to see a person or object.[tsbvi.edu] scotoma, and color vision disturbances.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy

    These patients typically present in the first decade of life with slightly subnormal acuity, dyschromatopsia, central visual field loss, and optic disc pallor.[practicalreviews.com] A maternally linked genetic disorder that presents in mid-life as acute or subacute central vision loss leading to central scotoma and blindness.[icd10data.com] scotomas.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Fundoscopic examination showed hyperemic papilla on the right eye and optic disc pallor on the left eye.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The evolution of the visual field defect is usually represented by an enlargement of the blind spot that progressively involves the central vision in the form of a large centro-cecal[web.archive.org] Results: The presence of centrocecal scotoma, an edematous, hyperemic optic nerve head, and vascular tortuosity, as well as telangiectasia was recognized in affected subjects[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[emedicine.com] Does the cannabinoid dronabinol reduce central pain in multiple sclerosis?[bmj.com] Central scotoma is recognized as a typical visual field defect pattern of ON in MS [ 17 ].[dx.doi.org]

  • Autosomal Dominant Optic Atrophy and Cataract

    Optic disc appearance of OPA1 -positive two patients showing bilateral prominent temporal wedge of pallor ( upper ) and total disc pallor ( lower ). ( C ) Optic disc appearance[iovs.arvojournals.org] Showing of 34 80%-99% of people have these symptoms Optic atrophy 0000648 30%-79% of people have these symptoms Ataxia 0001251 Central scotoma Central blind spot 0000603 Cerebellar[rarediseases.info.nih.gov] scotoma of variable density.[mybiosource.com]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu] […] vision and legal blindness occur in the majority of patients within 1 year of their symptoms becoming apparent. 1,4,5 The visual defect in one eye is sudden, abrupt, painless[santhera.com] A temporal defect and a small fenestration of centrocecal scotoma were evident in the right eye and a large fenestration of centrocecal scotoma and nasal defect were noted[iovs.arvojournals.org]

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