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237 Possible Causes for Central Blindness, Optic Disc Pallor

  • Toxic Retinopathy

    disc pallor .[] History For retinopathy, patients should be asked about poor central vision, change in color vision, central blind spots, difficulty reading, and metamorphopsia.[] They can affect your vision, and some can be serious enough to cause blindness.[]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Children with bilateral central blind spots (scotomas) may "overlook" in order to see a person or object.[] Optic disc pallor is one of the defining characteristics of Dominant Optic Atropy.[] […] vision and legal blindness occur in the majority of patients within 1 year of their symptoms becoming apparent. 1,4,5 The visual defect in one eye is sudden, abrupt, painless[]

  • Toxic Amblyopia

    Ophthalmoscopic changes are restricted at first to slight redness of the temporal margins of the optic discs; minimal pallor is observed at a later stage.[] […] spots (central blind spot dark spots), sexual interference Vision, dark spots can become absolute and can lead to blindness, fundus is usually no exception, but later can[] pallor.[]

  • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

    First signs of CMV retinitis are loss of peripheral vision or a blind spot which can progress to loss of central vision.[] disc pallor ensued [Figure 1] b.[] They include general blurriness, seeing flashes or floaters, sudden loss of peripheral (side) vision, or blind spots in central vision.[]

  • Multiple Sclerosis

    The evolution of temporal optic disc pallor (arrow) after left optic neuritis.[] Does the cannabinoid dronabinol reduce central pain in multiple sclerosis?[] At that time, symptoms and signs of right-sided sensory disturbance together with a history of uniocular central visual loss and, on fundoscopy, pallor of both optic discs[]

  • Secondary Optic Atrophy

    Clinically, optic atrophy is diagnosed from the well known triad of pallor of the optic disc, diminution in the visual acuity and visual field defects.[] In all but the late stages central vision and colour vision unaffected. Enlarged blind spot. Papillitis is an active inflammation of nerve head (an optic neuritis).[] Socially blind patients comprised of 37%. CONCLUSION: Optic atrophy was nearly equal in occurrence in both male and female and common above 4 th decade of life.[]

  • Night Blindness

    disc pallor.[] Symptoms of night blindness include loss of side or peripheral vision, loss of central vision, and decreased vision at night.[] In darkness, the eye is basically color blind; visual acuity is poor, and the eye sees only a fraction of what it sees in daylight.[]

  • Optic Atrophy

    CONCLUSIONS: Deeply buried ODD may be associated with NAION causing irreversible visual loss and optic disc pallor, a condition easily mistaken for atypical ON.[] Children with bilateral central blind spots (scotomas) may "overlook" in order to see a person or object.[] Visual field examinations recorded before acuity deteriorated showed central scotomas with peripheral constriction. Blind patients had absent pupillary reflexes.[]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] Central scotoma. C. Arcuate scotoma. D. Broad arcuate altitudinal defect. E. Nasal arcuate defects. F.[] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[]

  • Purtscher's Retinopathy

    The most common chronic signs were optic disc pallor and atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium.[] Extremely profound ocular dysfunction, such as sudden blindness, may also be induced, as can annular, central or paracentral scotomas and extensive defects occupying various[] The optic disc may appear normal initially but an afferent pupillary defect may be present and later on optic disc pallor may develop.[]

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