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129 Possible Causes for Central Episodic Apnea

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 49

    Affected individuals also have dysmorphic features, thin corpus callosum on brain imaging, and episodes of central apnea, which may be fatal.[] […] of central apnea, and TCC on brain MRI.[] […] short stature, round face, low anterior hairline, dental crowding, short broad neck, mild brachycephalic microcephaly, a chubby appearance), cerebellar dysarthria, ataxia, episodes[]

  • Central Sleep Apnea

    Ventricular pacing reduced the number of episodes of central sleep apnea/hypopnea without reducing the total sleep time, though it had no effect on episodes of obstructive[] During a central sleep apnea episode, your brainstem doesn’t tell your breathing muscles to function properly.[] In comparing placebo with acetazolamide, the hourly number of episodes of central apnea (49 /- 28 vs. 23 /- 21 [mean /- SD]; p 0.004) and the percentage of total sleep time[]

  • Insomnia

    central apneas and periodic sighs, all combined with electrophysiologic "microarousals," and a mixture of alpha and delta EEG wave activities.[] Recordings disclosed disordered breathing during sleep in the form of pronounced periodic breathing of alternating hypopneas and hyperpneas, isolated hypopneic episodes and[]

  • Sleep Apnea

    People with central sleep apnea have episodes of disrupted breathing during sleep.[] Mixed sleep apnea, the third type, is a combination of central and obstructive factors occurring in the same episode of sleep apnea.[] People with central apnea of the Cheyne-Stokes type have fewer episodes of apnea and a lower severity of heart failure with this treatment but do not survive longer.[]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Acetazolamide is normally prescribed for epilepsy, glaucoma and altitude sickness, but some studies have found that it decreases the apnea episodes in central sleep apnea[] […] by forcing breaths (timed breath) during episodes of central apneas.[] The most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas include: Loud snoring Episodes in which you stop breathing during sleep — which would be reported[]

  • Haddad Syndrome

    Objective: To report the case of a newborn with recurrent episodes of apnea, diagnosed with Congenital Central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) associated with Hirschsprung's[] […] of apnea, diagnosed with Congenital Central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HD), configuring Haddad syndrome.[] Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brazil This item has received 288 Visits Under a Creative Commons license Abstract Objective To report the case of a newborn with recurrent episodes[]

  • Ondine Syndrome

    Definition (MSH) A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete[] Concepts Disease or Syndrome ( T047 ) MSH D020182 ICD10 G47.31 SnomedCT 27405005 English Alveolar Hypoventilation, Central, Alveolar Hypoventilations, Central, Apnea, Central[] Although neonatal respiratory failure is the most common clinical picture, apneas and episodes of cyanosis are inaugural in some patients ( 1, 13 ).[]

  • Apnea of Prematurity

    […] of apneic episodes secondary to central and mixed apnea.[] apnea -Indicated when pt are still having apnea episodes despite max methylxanthine dose/therapeutic level -delivered with nasal prongs, nasal mask or face mask -MOA: splint[] Among the dangers that preemies face are episodes of central apnea. These periods in which the baby stops breathing can last 90 seconds or more.[]

  • Demyelinating Disease

    Apnea and hypopnea may be caused by a collapse of the tissues and muscles in the pharynx (obstructive apnea/hypopnea) or a failure in the medullary respiratory signal (central[] apnea/hypopnea).[] These apnea and hypopnea episodes may lead to nocturnal hypoxemia, frequent awakenings, and daytime somnolence.[]

  • Bradyarrhythmia

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was suspected and a sleep study demonstrated both central and OSA: Epworth score 7, sleep latency of 17 minutes, Apnea–Hypopnea Index (AHI) of[] A follow-up sleep study revealed improvement in the central element of his sleep apnea, however, his AHI did not significantly improve; such results are expected with theophylline[] Despite discontinuation of metoprolol for 1 week, his telemetry revealed multiple episodes of sinus pause, observed during daytime sleepiness or snoring episodes.[]

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