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129 Possible Causes for Central Episodic Apnea

  • Autosomal Recessive Spastic Paraplegia Type 49

    Affected individuals also have dysmorphic features, thin corpus callosum on brain imaging, and episodes of central apnea, which may be fatal.[uniprot.org] […] of central apnea, and TCC on brain MRI.[intechopen.com] […] short stature, round face, low anterior hairline, dental crowding, short broad neck, mild brachycephalic microcephaly, a chubby appearance), cerebellar dysarthria, ataxia, episodes[intechopen.com]

  • Central Sleep Apnea

    Ventricular pacing reduced the number of episodes of central sleep apnea/hypopnea without reducing the total sleep time, though it had no effect on episodes of obstructive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] During a central sleep apnea episode, your brainstem doesn’t tell your breathing muscles to function properly.[healthline.com] In comparing placebo with acetazolamide, the hourly number of episodes of central apnea (49 /- 28 vs. 23 /- 21 [mean /- SD]; p 0.004) and the percentage of total sleep time[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Insomnia

    central apneas and periodic sighs, all combined with electrophysiologic "microarousals," and a mixture of alpha and delta EEG wave activities.[doi.org] Recordings disclosed disordered breathing during sleep in the form of pronounced periodic breathing of alternating hypopneas and hyperpneas, isolated hypopneic episodes and[doi.org]

  • Sleep Apnea

    People with central sleep apnea have episodes of disrupted breathing during sleep.[nlm.nih.gov] Mixed sleep apnea, the third type, is a combination of central and obstructive factors occurring in the same episode of sleep apnea.[msdmanuals.com] People with central apnea of the Cheyne-Stokes type have fewer episodes of apnea and a lower severity of heart failure with this treatment but do not survive longer.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Acetazolamide is normally prescribed for epilepsy, glaucoma and altitude sickness, but some studies have found that it decreases the apnea episodes in central sleep apnea[nationaljewish.org] […] by forcing breaths (timed breath) during episodes of central apneas.[alaskasleep.com] The most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas include: Loud snoring Episodes in which you stop breathing during sleep — which would be reported[mayoclinic.com]

  • Haddad Syndrome

    Objective: To report the case of a newborn with recurrent episodes of apnea, diagnosed with Congenital Central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) associated with Hirschsprung's[scielo.br] […] of apnea, diagnosed with Congenital Central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HD), configuring Haddad syndrome.[cyberleninka.org] Distrito Federal, Brasília, DF, Brazil This item has received 288 Visits Under a Creative Commons license Abstract Objective To report the case of a newborn with recurrent episodes[elsevier.es]

  • Ondine Syndrome

    Definition (MSH) A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete[fpnotebook.com] Concepts Disease or Syndrome ( T047 ) MSH D020182 ICD10 G47.31 SnomedCT 27405005 English Alveolar Hypoventilation, Central, Alveolar Hypoventilations, Central, Apnea, Central[fpnotebook.com] Although neonatal respiratory failure is the most common clinical picture, apneas and episodes of cyanosis are inaugural in some patients ( 1, 13 ).[doi.org]

  • Apnea of Prematurity

    […] of apneic episodes secondary to central and mixed apnea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] apnea -Indicated when pt are still having apnea episodes despite max methylxanthine dose/therapeutic level -delivered with nasal prongs, nasal mask or face mask -MOA: splint[quizlet.com] Among the dangers that preemies face are episodes of central apnea. These periods in which the baby stops breathing can last 90 seconds or more.[wm.edu]

  • Demyelinating Disease

    Apnea and hypopnea may be caused by a collapse of the tissues and muscles in the pharynx (obstructive apnea/hypopnea) or a failure in the medullary respiratory signal (central[jcsm.aasm.org] apnea/hypopnea).[jcsm.aasm.org] These apnea and hypopnea episodes may lead to nocturnal hypoxemia, frequent awakenings, and daytime somnolence.[jcsm.aasm.org]

  • Bradyarrhythmia

    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was suspected and a sleep study demonstrated both central and OSA: Epworth score 7, sleep latency of 17 minutes, Apnea–Hypopnea Index (AHI) of[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com] A follow-up sleep study revealed improvement in the central element of his sleep apnea, however, his AHI did not significantly improve; such results are expected with theophylline[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com] Despite discontinuation of metoprolol for 1 week, his telemetry revealed multiple episodes of sinus pause, observed during daytime sleepiness or snoring episodes.[jmedicalcasereports.biomedcentral.com]

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