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93 Possible Causes for Central Focal Spikes, Focal Sharp-Waves or Spikes Occipital or Temporal, Paroxysmal Activity - Sharp-Waves

  • Epilepsy

    In infancy, the EEG background was normal (1), showed diffuse (3) or focal slowing that was temporal (1) and in the left hemisphere (1), and showed focal (central, temporal[brain.oxfordjournals.org] […] background, diffusemultifocal sharp waves and sharp waves-slow waves; paroxysmal fast activity Neurological examination mild diffuse hypotonia, mild ataxia with wide based[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ) discharges or generalized spike wave and polyspike wave activity.[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    , multifocal, or bilateral distribution and time locked to sharp-wave or spike-wave discharges on the contralateral central areas. 34, 35 ENM has a wide etiological spectrum[clinicalgate.com] Alvarez and Lombroso reported hypnagogic paroxysmal spike wave activity (minimal epileptiform features, sharp waves embedded into hyperventilation , or hypnagogic hypersynchrony[euroformhealthcare.biz] The cortical site of origin of the spike discharges and the site of origin of the associated focal myoclonic seizures do not necessarily coincide. 22 Pathophysiology The term[neupsykey.com]

  • Encephalopathy

    *Repetitive and fairly stereotyped waveforms appearing at regular intervals, sharps/spike waves or complex discharges.[slideshare.net] […] and paroxysmal bursts of sharp and slow waves, these drugs increase epileptiform activity in known epileptic patients, clozapine increase bilateral spike waves discharges[slideshare.net] […] frontal lobe lesion *OIRDA --occipital dominant ,seen in children as in absence seizure *TIRDA– temporal lobe epilepsy 21.[slideshare.net]

  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    […] discharges (PLEDS). [37] In hypokalemia, diffuse slow activity can be seen together with paroxysmal delta/theta activity, as well as focal paroxysms of sharp waves and spike-waves[neurologyindia.com] ., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia, EEG detects[neurologyindia.com] […] diffuse slowing in the theta range, followed by paroxysmal delta activity and FIRDA or periodic delta waves, as well as the occurrence of periodic lateralized epileptiform[neurologyindia.com]

  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    […] wave Rare Rare Yes M AA GTC Focal West Usually Hypsarrhythmia Yes Yes Usually impaired Pseudo Lennox (ABPE) 2–5 years Central spikes and GSW No Yes 26–56% M AA Focal AA,[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] Interictal EEG showed findings characteristic of LGS: generalized slow spike-wave complexes, multifocal sharp waves, generalized polyspikes and paroxysmal fast activity during[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In fact, 10/24 cases showed normal sleep transients with presence of symmetric vertex sharp waves in stage 1 non-REM sleep and also symmetric and well structured sleep spindles[omicsonline.org]

  • Toxic Encephalopathy

    […] discharges (PLEDS). [37] In hypokalemia, diffuse slow activity can be seen together with paroxysmal delta/theta activity, as well as focal paroxysms of sharp waves and spike-waves[neurologyindia.com] ., frontal intermittent rhythmic delta activity (FIRDA), or spikes and sharp waves as well as spike-wave discharges in temporal regions. [37] In hyponatremia, EEG detects[neurologyindia.com] […] diffuse slowing in the theta range, followed by paroxysmal delta activity and FIRDA or periodic delta waves, as well as the occurrence of periodic lateralized epileptiform[neurologyindia.com]

  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Type 3

    ., multifocal spike- and sharp-wave discharges, repetitive paroxysmal activity, unusually low-voltage fast activity, and findings consistent with complex partial seizures[graphyonline.com]

  • Rolandic Epilepsy

    EEG is normal except for prominant spike that emerges of the left central area during sleep.[medbullets.com] […] midtemporal-central spike focus 3-16 Both daytime and nighttime seizures may occur, although in most children the seizures usually occur during sleep.[epilepsy.com] […] area an EEG pattern consisting of a midtemporal-central spike focus The medical literature said the condition is considered benign because most children with the condition[snowflakesofwinter.wordpress.com]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Paroxysmal Activity - Sharp-Waves
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy is a common form of epilepsy mainly characterized by myoclonic jerks, but affected individuals may also experience generalized tonic-clonic seizures and absence seizures. Symptom onset typically occurs around puberty and although the disease persists into adulthood, patients do respond[…][symptoma.com]

    Missing: Paroxysmal Activity - Sharp-Waves

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