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1,555 Possible Causes for Central Focal Spikes, Lower and Upper Limbs Affected, Myoclonic Jerking

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    , multifocal, or bilateral distribution and time locked to sharp-wave or spike-wave discharges on the contralateral central areas. 34, 35 ENM has a wide etiological spectrum[clinicalgate.com] By the jerk-locked averaging method, a positive spike time-locked to the myoclonic jerk was demonstrated in four patients before 15-20 msec of myoclonic jerk.[ci.nii.ac.jp] Attacks may last several minutes to half an hour and more frequently affect the lower than upper limbs.[epilepsydiagnosis.org]

  • Epilepsy

    In infancy, the EEG background was normal (1), showed diffuse (3) or focal slowing that was temporal (1) and in the left hemisphere (1), and showed focal (central, temporal[brain.oxfordjournals.org] So the jerks were considered as cortical origin and generalized myoclonic seizure was confirmed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] People with JME can have absence seizures, myoclonic (muscle-jerking) seizures, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures.[everydayhealth.com]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    The myoclonic jerks occur rarely in EMA. They are usually mild and are freqently restricted to the upper extremities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All of these patients were contacted and asked specifically about myoclonic jerks.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Myoclonic jerks or seizures Myoclonic jerks or seizures without impairment of consciousness are the cardinal symptoms of JME.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Myoclonic-astatic seizures consist of symmetric myoclonic jerks followed by periods of absent muscle tone that can result in falls.[symptoma.com] This epilepsy is characterized by absence seizures concurrent with myoclonic jerks, typically occurring several times daily.[en.wikipedia.org] […] six cases (18%) with myoclonic jerks and tonic–clonic seizures.[jnnp.bmj.com]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    […] wave Rare Rare Yes M AA GTC Focal West Usually Hypsarrhythmia Yes Yes Usually impaired Pseudo Lennox (ABPE) 2–5 years Central spikes and GSW No Yes 26–56% M AA Focal AA,[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] In such cases, massive myoclonic jerks, myoclonic-atonic attacks, as well as atonic seizures may occur, though much less frequent and severe than the other manifestations.[epilepsyontario.org] . [ 3 ] The characteristic diffuse slow spike-wave pattern gradually disappears with age and is replaced by focal epileptic discharges.[patient.info]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Type 3

    Both patients had early infantile seizures characterized by fragmentary myoclonic jerks associated with burst-suppression pattern on electroencephalography.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early Myoclonic Encephalopathy starts in the first 10 days of an infant’s life with erratic small jerks (i.e. myoclonic seizures).[seizuresinfant.com] […] epileptic encephalopathy which began between two days and ten weeks of life. at onset it is associated with: myoclonic jerks, partial fits and periodic paroxysmal EEG abnormalities[semanticscholar.org]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    myoclonic jerks of cortical origin.[mendelian.co] Generalized myoclonic-tonic-clonic seizures begin with a few myoclonic jerks followed by tonic-clonic activity.[medlink.com] jerks, or both. 4 EGTCSA is a diagnosis currently used by many groups that emphasize specific management issues including the importance of precipitating factors and the[neurology.mhmedical.com]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    A total of 33 patients (47%) also had myoclonic jerks with a mean age at onset of 16 years.[medlink.com] Myoclonic jerks are infrequent, mild and of random distribution.[pennsw.com.au] jerks (20%).[orpha.net]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • West Syndrome

    The patient presented with segmental myoclonic jerks at the age of 6 weeks, and infantile spasms at the age of 3.5 months. Her seizures were resistant to treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] jerks of the upper limbs, mainly on awakening, synchronous with the generalized discharges of 4 Hz spike-wave occurring at 12 years of age and by co-occurrence of a later[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Initially, he had refractory convulsions of focal, generalised, and myoclonic jerks, not responding to multiple anticonvulsants. He also had choreoathetoid movements.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected
  • Neonatal Seizures

    Benign neonatal sleep myoclonus, an entity characterized by (1) neonatal onset, (2) myoclonic jerks only during sleep, (3) abrupt and consistent cessation with arousal, (4[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] jerks during non REM sleep disappear when baby is awake, EEG is normal and spontaneously resolve by 2 months of age. 23.[slideshare.net] Now, you might be confused as to the difference between a clonic and and myoclonic seizure. Both of them involve jerk or shock-like movements.[study.com]

    Missing: Lower and Upper Limbs Affected

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