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338 Possible Causes for Central Focal Spikes, Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia, Parietal Focal Spikes

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    , multifocal, or bilateral distribution and time locked to sharp-wave or spike-wave discharges on the contralateral central areas. 34, 35 ENM has a wide etiological spectrum[clinicalgate.com] […] childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spike -childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms Generalized epilepsies & synd.[enotes.tripod.com] hypoplasia-hydranencephaly syndrome Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency, mild type Multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency[orpha.net]

  • West Syndrome

    Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed mild cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, high-signal-intensity areas in the white matter, and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Epilepsy

    In infancy, the EEG background was normal (1), showed diffuse (3) or focal slowing that was temporal (1) and in the left hemisphere (1), and showed focal (central, temporal[brain.oxfordjournals.org] ) discharges or generalized spike wave and polyspike wave activity.[brain.oxfordjournals.org] After infancy, the EEG background was normal (5), showed diffuse slowing (10) or focal slowing that was bilateral fronto-temporal (2) and left temporal (1).[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    History Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings. Video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring of typical seizures is the criterion standard, but in the great majority of patients, a working diagnosis of probable JME is made on the basis of the clinical history, often with[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Epilepsia. 2012 Dec;53(12):2079-90. doi: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2012.03723.x. Epub 2012 Oct 25. Author information 1 Department of Medicine, St. Vincent's Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Victoria Parade, Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia. udaya.seneviratne@svhm.org.au Abstract Prognosis describes the trajectory and long-term[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    We describe a 68-year-old woman who had typical absence seizures since 14 years of age. The absences were refractory to treatment and persisted into adulthood, with no seizure-free periods until seizure control at 59 years of age. After six years of being seizure-free, she presented with an episode[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia
  • Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

    […] wave Rare Rare Yes M AA GTC Focal West Usually Hypsarrhythmia Yes Yes Usually impaired Pseudo Lennox (ABPE) 2–5 years Central spikes and GSW No Yes 26–56% M AA Focal AA,[onlinelibrary.wiley.com] Interictal There may be focal or multifocal spike-and-wave or sharp-slow waves, with an anterior predominance.[epilepsydiagnosis.org] . [ 3 ] The characteristic diffuse slow spike-wave pattern gradually disappears with age and is replaced by focal epileptic discharges.[patient.info]

    Missing: Mild Cerebellar Hypoplasia

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