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16 Possible Causes for Central Focal Spikes, Multifocal Epileptiform Spikes, Paroxysmal Activity - Spikes Parietal Left

  • Epilepsy

    In infancy, the EEG background was normal (1), showed diffuse (3) or focal slowing that was temporal (1) and in the left hemisphere (1), and showed focal (central, temporal[brain.oxfordjournals.org] ) discharges or generalized spike wave and polyspike wave activity.[brain.oxfordjournals.org] After infancy, the EEG background was normal (5), showed diffuse slowing (10) or focal slowing that was bilateral fronto-temporal (2) and left temporal (1).[brain.oxfordjournals.org]

  • Benign Adult Familial Myoclonic Epilepsy

    , multifocal, or bilateral distribution and time locked to sharp-wave or spike-wave discharges on the contralateral central areas. 34, 35 ENM has a wide etiological spectrum[clinicalgate.com] The cortical site of origin of the spike discharges and the site of origin of the associated focal myoclonic seizures do not necessarily coincide. 22 Pathophysiology The term[neupsykey.com] […] disease, 29, 30 Down syndrome, and mitochondrial disorders. 31, 32, 33 Epileptic negative myoclonus (ENM) is characterized by brief (50 to 400 msec) muscle inhibitions with focal[clinicalgate.com]

  • Generalized Clonic or Tonic-Clonic Seizures

    ‘Contrary to popular folk belief, nothing should be placed in the mouth during the seizure. Severe injury could occur.’ Generalized tonic clonic seizures (grand mal seizures) are the most common and best known type of generalized seizure. They begin with stiffening of the limbs (the tonic phase), followed by jerking[…][epilepsynw.org]

  • Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy

    Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is a type of epilepsy that starts in in childhood or the teen years. People who have it wake up from sleep with quick, jerking movements of their arms and legs. These are called myoclonic jerks. Even if you don’t have epilepsy, you’ve probably had these jerks that jolt you awake,[…][webmd.com]

  • West Syndrome

    […] found : MESH, June 12, 2018 (Spasms, Infantile. Partial scope note: An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor[…][id.loc.gov]

  • Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy

    Tonic status epilepticus (TSE) in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well recognized. The objective of this study is to report episodes of TSE in patients with IGE. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and EEG evaluation of three IGE patients who presented TSE. The three patients had mainly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Organic Brain Syndrome

    Abstract This study addresses the prevalence of organic brain syndrome (OBS) among long-term toluene-exposed rotagravure workers who are still working. The prevalence of OBS in 22 workers exposed to toluene for a minimum of 12 years and 19 unexposed control subjects, matched for age and employment status,[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Encephalopathy

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is an encephalopathy that can be clinically characterized by headache, altered mental status and/or seizures. Neuroimaging demonstrates usually reversible bilateral subcortical vasogenic occipital-parietal edema. Exact pathophysiology remains unclear but is commonly[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Juvenile Absence Epilepsy

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study to evaluate the hippocampal, frontal and thalamic lobe functions in the early stage of the juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE) by magnetic resonance proton spectroscopy (MRS). METHOD: Fourteen patients with juvenile absence epilepsy with typical absence seizures and 10 healthy volunteer[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Uremic Encephalopathy

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Uremic encephalopathy is a metabolic disorder in patients with renal failure. The purpose of this study was to describe the MR imaging findings of uremic encephalopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed MR imaging findings in 10 patients with clinically proved uremic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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